Environmental protection (451 - 500 of 561 items)
Violations of Statutes Regulating the Manufacture, Distribution, Use, and Disposal of Toxic Wastes
B-166506: Published: Aug 29, 1979. Publicly Released: May 6, 1985.
Financial and personnel resources needed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Department of Justice to effectively prosecute violations of statutes regulating the manufacture, distribution, use, and disposal of toxic wastes were investigated.An extensive enforcement effort in the hazardous toxic waste area would not be possible since there has been only very limited implementation...
EPA's Inventory of Potential Hazardous Waste Sites Is Incomplete
RCED-85-75: Published: Mar 26, 1985. Publicly Released: May 3, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the effectiveness of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state programs in determining the extent of hazardous waste cleanup problems. EPA and the states are required by the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act to complete a nationwide inventory of hazardous disp...
Illegal Disposal of Hazardous Waste: Difficult To Detect or Deter
RCED-85-2: Published: Feb 22, 1985. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO studied issues related to illegal hazardous waste disposal to determine whether: (1) information regarding illegal disposal is available; (2) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and states can identify hazardous waste generators and the types and quantities of waste that they produce; (3) the hazardous waste transportation manifest system effectively...
The Environmental Protection Agency Should Better Manage Its Use of Contractors
RCED-85-12: Published: Jan 4, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 22, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of contractors to support its programs.GAO found that EPA has not: (1) monitored contractor activities to ensure that performance remains cost-effective; or (2) performed reviews to ensure that contractor employees are not establishing policy or performing other types of work traditionally reserved f...
Taxing Hazardous Waste: Economics, Design, and Implementation
126471: Jan 1, 1985
This article, which appeared in the GAO Review, Vol. 20, Issue 1, Winter 1985, describes the financial management of the Superfund program to clean up hazardous waste sites. The taxing authority of the fund will end on September 30, 1985, and Congress is considering reauthorization of the program and is discussing the implementation of a waste-end tax to create an economic incentive to reduce the...
EPA Could Benefit From Comprehensive Management Information on Superfund Enforcement Actions
RCED-85-3: Published: Dec 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Dec 28, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent of management information available to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in carrying out its enforcement responsibilities under the Superfund program.GAO found that, while EPA headquarters and regional offices have individual management information systems for tracking Superfund enforcement actions, there is no such system that c...
EPA's Development of the Carbon Monoxide Standards
125277: Oct 1, 1984
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) development of air quality standards for carbon monoxide, focusing on: (1) research used by EPA to support the standards it developed; and (2) how communication between EPA, the Veterans Administration (VA), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) affected the development of the standards. GAO stated that, while there was some doubt abou...
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit Compliance by Major Industrial Dischargers in Louisiana
125179: Sep 19, 1984
GAO discussed how well certain major industrial dischargers in Louisiana have been complying with National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permits, the principal means of controlling the nation's water pollution. GAO noted that: (1) permit noncompliance over a 45-month period was frequent and extensive; (2) compliance reporting to top Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) management does no...
EPA's Innovative Technology Program for Waste Water Treatment Needs Better Controls
RCED-84-79: Published: Aug 20, 1984. Publicly Released: Aug 20, 1984.
GAO discussed the need for better controls in the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) innovative technology program for wastewater treatment. The program has significant potential to improve wastewater treatment technology and can reduce expenditures for energy, construction, and operation of future projects.GAO found that EPA awarded $20.2 million to questionable projects and $7.3 million to...
The Malden and Elk-Pinch, WV, Wastewater Treatment Projects
124214: May 23, 1984
In response to a congressional request, GAO discussed problems encountered at the Malden and Elk-Pinch, West Virginia, wastewater treatment projects. At the Malden project, GAO noted high user charges and serious performance problems which cause the plant to continually exceed its water pollution control permit limits. Residents have failed to hook into the service in large numbers and some are de...
[Questions Concerning Proposed Legislation To Amend Clean Air Act]
B-214688: Published: Apr 6, 1984. Publicly Released: May 14, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed three bills that would amend the Clean Air Act to control certain pollutants, focusing on whether: (1) the interest costs incurred by utilities in complying with the proposed requirements could be paid from funds made available by the bills; and (2) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) would be making commitments in violation of the Antidefic...
Internal Controls of the Transportation Computer Center and Pollution Reporting Incident Reporting System
089018: Jan 31, 1978
No summary is currently available...
Review of the Operation and Maintenance of Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plants
089089: Jun 6, 1975
No summary is currently available...
Evaluation of the Environmental Protection Agency's Inspector General Audit of Superfund Expenditures and Implementation of the Inspector General's Recommendations
RCED-84-31: Published: Oct 19, 1983. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed an audit, conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Inspector General, of fiscal year (FY) 1982 expenditures from the Hazardous Substances Response Trust Fund (Superfund) to determine the reasonableness of the objectives, scope, and methodology used by the Inspector General in performing the audit and to determine what corrective...
Removing Barriers to the Market Penetration of Methanol Fuels
RCED-84-36: Published: Oct 27, 1983. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO identified and assessed the barriers to methanol's market penetration as a transportation fuel and suggested possible government actions, short of expensive subsidies, which might eliminate or diminish market impediments.Methanol has not emerged as a major transportation fuel because large investments are necessary to bring sufficient fuel and vehicles t...
Environmental Protection Agency's Noncompetitive Award of Federal Funds Through Grants
B-189584: Published: Oct 31, 1977. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1983.
No summary is currently available...
GAO Decisions Regarding an Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking on Financial Assistance to Participants in Environmental Protection Agency Proceedings
B-180224: Published: Apr 5, 1977. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 1983.
No summary is currently available...
Better Coordination Is Needed Between Pesticide Misuse Enforcement Programs and Programs for Certifying and Training Individuals To Apply Pesticides
RCED-83-169: Published: Jul 1, 1983. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1983.
GAO reviewed programs in Illinois and Minnesota under the Pesticide Applicator Certification and Training Program to determine whether they are addressing major pesticide misuse problems.GAO found that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Illinois, and Minnesota have not linked the certification and training and enforcement programs to deter and reduce pesticide misuse. The review of program...
[Views on EPA Implementation of Clean Air Act]
B-208593: Published: Dec 30, 1982. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1982.
GAO was asked to comment on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) statement that it intends to be appropriately flexible in reviewing State Implementation Plan revisions of the Clean Air Act. GAO concluded that current EPA enforcement policies appear to be at odds with its published policies and, in some instances, with the act itself. GAO stated that it is important for Congress to: (1) cla...
Used Oil Collection and Disposal Practices Followed by Federal Agencies
PLRD-83-12: Published: Dec 8, 1982. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 1982.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed matters concerning the collection of used oil and disposal practices of selected federal agencies. GAO was specifically asked to: (1) review actions taken by the Department of Defense (DOD) in response to a 1977 GAO report regarding improved oil recycling; (2) compare waste oil recovery and disposal practices of several agencies, including those...
Navy's Transfer of Power System to Financially Troubled Guam Power Authority Has Been Delayed
ID-82-28: Published: Jul 2, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 2, 1982.
GAO was asked to review the Island-Wide Power System on Guam, which is jointly operated by the Navy and the Guam Power Authority. The Navy and the Authority entered into a formal agreement providing for the pooling of power generation and transmission facilities and prorated cost sharing. The Power Pool Agreement, as orginally formulated, was to be a short-term arrangement to permit the Authority...
The Environmental Protection Agency Should Collect Overdue Industrial Cost Recovery Payments
CED-82-92: Published: Jun 3, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 3, 1982.
GAO reviewed the Industrial Cost Recovery (ICR) Program to determine the extent of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) control over collections of ICR payments which municipalities had collected from industrial users. The specific objectives of the review were to: (1) identify the grantees that might have collected ICR payments, (2) determine the amounts due the federal government from the...
Environmental Protection Agency's Progress in Implementing the Superfund Program
CED-82-91: Published: Jun 2, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1982.
GAO was requested to review the Superfund program to identify issues or problems concerning: (1) the selection of candidate sites for Superfund attention; (2) the extent and cost effectiveness of removal, remedy, and other measures at candidate sites; and (3) the ability of state governments to carry out their Superfund responsibilities.The Superfund legislation provides for a $1.6 billion fund to...
Environmental Protection: Agenda for the 1980's
CED-82-73: Published: May 5, 1982. Publicly Released: May 5, 1982.
GAO prepared a staff study as part of its continuing reassessment of areas of national concern and interest and identified environmental protection problems and issues most in need of attention. The review will influence the scope and direction of GAO audit efforts involving pollution control programs and activities.Environmental pollution affects the daily lives of all Americans in some form or m...
Information on the Environmental Protection Agency's Enforcement Activities
CED-82-62: Published: Apr 1, 1982. Publicly Released: May 3, 1982.
In response to congressional concern, GAO provided information pertaining to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) hazardous waste enforcement activities. This information reviewed: (1) the change in EPA enforcement policy under the current Administration; (2) potential enforcement organizational problems; (3) problems in issuing enforcement guidance and policies to the regions; and (4) the elimin...
EPA Slow in Controlling PCB's
CED-82-21: Published: Dec 30, 1981. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1981.
Various studies have associated the widely used polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) with a number of health problems. Industry has purchased over 1 billion pounds of PCB's for use in electric transformers and capacitors. Since PCB's have a potential for environmental harm, Congress passed a special provision under the Toxic Substances Control Act to control PCB's. With certain exceptions, the act pr...
Stronger Enforcement Needed Against Misuse of Pesticides
CED-82-5: Published: Oct 15, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 1981.
GAO reviewed Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state pesticide programs to enforce pesticide laws and suggested ways to improve program activities. GAO also reviewed special pesticide registrations to determine if some of the problems identified in an earlier GAO report had been corrected.Although improvements have been made in recent years, GAO found that the public may not always be prot...
Hazardous Waste Facilities With Interim Status May Be Endangering Public Health and the Environment
CED-81-158: Published: Sep 28, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1981.
When the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was enacted, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to develop regulations governing hazardous waste facilities. After much delay, EPA finally issued interim status requirements outlining minimum national requirements. GAO was requested to determine: (1) the extent to which facilities with interim status meet the EPA requirements; (2)...
Comments on Interior's Surface Mining Regulations
CED-81-145: Published: Aug 5, 1981. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 1981.
GAO has been reviewing the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM) regulations implementing the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977.GAO identified several issues which OSM should consider while it is revising its regulations. OSM needs to review its support for its revised blasting regulations concerning the use of explosives. Also, a legislative change may be nee...
Allegations That a Political Appointee at the Environmental Protection Agency Was Exercising Control Over the Office of the Inspector General
AFMD-81-77: Published: Jun 25, 1981. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 1981.
GAO was asked to investigate certain matters pertaining to a political appointee allegedly exercising control over the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Inspector General's office to determine: the background and qualifications of the appointee, the background of the employee who hired the appointee, the impressions left with the Office of Inspector General personnel as to the appointee's role...
Environmental Protection Agency's Water Pollution Control Construction Grants Program
115486: Jun 10, 1981
Over the past several years, GAO has presented in its reports issues and concerns regarding the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Construction Grants Program. This multi-billion dollar program is one of the largest public works program in the history of the nation. It has been particularly successful in the control of industrial water pollution. Heavily polluted rivers are being cleaned up,...
Hazardous Waste Sites Pose Investigation, Evaluation, Scientific, and Legal Problems
CED-81-57: Published: Apr 24, 1981. Publicly Released: Apr 29, 1981.
Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has a mandate to: (1) discover, investigate, evaluate, and respond to uncontrolled hazardous waste sites; (2) perform hazardous waste research; and (3) seek solutions to hazardous waste problems and, if necessary, file suit in federal courts.EPA has had difficulty in fulfilling its mandate because: (1) site...
Marine Sanctuaries Program Offers Environmental Protection and Benefits Other Laws Do Not
CED-81-37: Published: Mar 4, 1981. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 1981.
Title III of the Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act established the Marine Sanctuaries Program, which preserves or restores ocean areas for their conservation, recreational, ecological, or esthetic values. A review was performed to determine whether the program is providing marine environmental protection over and above that which is provided under other federal statutory authorities...
Actions Needed To Increase Bicycle/Moped Use in the Federal Community
EMD-81-41: Published: Jan 19, 1981. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 1981.
GAO conducted a study to determine what needs to be done to encourage greater use of bicycles and other two-wheeled vehicles in the Federal community and to assess the proposal to reimburse those who use these vehicles for official travel.If Government employees and those visiting Federal buildings and facilities are to increase bicycle or moped usage, existing barriers must be dealt with, and the...
The Chicago Regional Office: Our Kind of Town--and Region
116147: Jan 1, 1981
The Chicago region spans the heartland of America. In addition to the Chicago office, the region boasts of a twin cities, Minneapolis and St. Paul, office. In the areas of energy, food, transportation, tax administration, environmental protection, housing and community development, health care, and military preparation, the Chicago regional office has made major contributions to the work of GAO. I...
Further Federal Action Needed To Detect and Control Environmental Contamination of Food
CED-81-19: Published: Dec 31, 1980. Publicly Released: Dec 31, 1980.
GAO was requested to investigate the circumstances surrounding an incident involving the contamination of chickens and other food items in several Western States by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB). Because numerous Federal, State, and local investigators were checking into the situation at the time, it was decided that GAO would monitor the Federal agencies' investigations and report the correctiv...
Environmental Protection Issues in the 1980's
CED-81-38: Published: Dec 30, 1980. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1980.
Congress has enacted comprehensive legislation which has enlarged and strengthened the regulatory and subsidy parts of Federal environmental policy. Questions have been raised as to whether environmental goals are too costly to achieve, and whether the right balance has been struck between environmental objectives and energy, economic, and social goals.GAO has identified 14 current and emerging is...
Costly Wastewater Treatment Plants Fail To Perform as Expected
CED-81-9: Published: Nov 14, 1980. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 1980.
Wastewater treatment plants are considered to be the frontline of the Nation's battle to eliminate water pollution and restore water quality to the thousands of miles of contaminated rivers, lakes, streams, and ocean shorelines throughout the country.GAO found that over $25 billion in Federal funds and several billion in State and local moneys have been spent to construct new wastewater treatment...
Hazardous Waste Disposal Methods: Major Problems With Their Use
CED-81-21: Published: Nov 19, 1980. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 1980.
GAO was asked to study alternative methods of disposal and cleanup of hazardous wastes. Specifically, the study looked into the: (1) environmental and cost effectiveness of hazardous waste disposal on the land, deep well injection, and high temperature incineration and the need for additional research and development in these areas; (2) establishment of facilities on a regional or areawide basis a...
Promising Changes Improve EPA's Extramural Research; More Changes Needed
CED-81-6: Published: Oct 28, 1980. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1980.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has made a number of changes to the planning and management of its research activities. If properly implemented, they should improve the EPA research program. GAO discussed some problems which require further attention, and factors and weaknesses which, unless corrected, could continue to seriously hamper the EPA ability to meet its research needs.GAO foun...
Need for Comprehensive Pesticide Use Data
CED-80-145: Published: Sep 30, 1980. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1980.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) needs to have accurate and comprehensive information on pesticide usage to assess a pesticide's potential risks and benefits to humans and the environment and to improve the overall management of its pesticide programs. GAO examined sources of pesticide usage information were examined at EPA, other Federal and State agencies, and private organizations.EPA...
Federal-State Environmental Programs--The State Perspective
CED-80-106: Published: Aug 22, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 22, 1980.
Congress intended that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the states should act in partnership to implement federally mandated environmental programs. Generally, the states have implemented these programs, enacted enabling legislation, and provided part of the funding. However, the states believe many obstacles impede their implementation of those programs and are beginning to consider...
Information on Questions About the Brush Creek (PA) Sewage Project
CED-80-112: Published: Aug 8, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 20, 1980.
GAO responded to a citizens group and congressional questions raised about the Brush Creek Sewer Project in Marshall Township, Pennsylvania. These questions involved the need and justification for the sewer system, the approval procedures followed by the State and Federal agencies involved, and the economic burden placed on affected residents. It also addressed the question of whether additional F...
Need for a Formal Risk/Benefit Review of the Pesticide Chlordane
CED-80-116: Published: Aug 5, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 1980.
A review of the adequacy of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) regulation of pesticides used in and around the home revealed that chlordane, used for termite control, may pose unreasonable risks to man and the environment. In 1974, after studies showed that chlordane caused cancer in mice, EPA issued a notice of intent to cancel all registered uses of chlordane, except for subsurface grou...
Comments on H.R. 7128
B-199375: Published: Jul 28, 1980. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 1980.
Comments were given on proposed legislation dealing with deposits on beverage containers. The bill would require GAO to monitor its effects on competition, resource recovery, and the U.S. economy. GAO would prefer to be given the latitude to review the program effects as part of the congressional oversight process or as part of the GAO ongoing evaluation efforts, and suggested that the monitoring...
Nuclear Issues at Western New York Nuclear Service Center
112946: Jul 28, 1980
During the 6 years of its operation, the Western New York Nuclear Service Center at West Valley, New York, generated about 600,000 gallons of high-level liquid nuclear waste. This waste, spent fuel, and solid low-level nuclear waste are safely maintained at the site along with the equipment and structures contaminated during reprocessing. Because solid wastes are safer to store, a program to conve...
Impact of an All Competitive Onshore Oil and Gas Leasing System
EMD-80-79: Published: Jun 2, 1980. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 1980.
GAO was asked to evaluate an amendment to S. 1637, 96th Congress. The key issue surrounding the amendment is that it abolishes the current competitive and noncompetitive leasing systems of the Department of the Interior and establishes a new all-competitive leasing system in their place. However, the amendment does not change Interior's authority and responsibility regarding mineral management.In...
Review of Environmental Protection Agency's Efforts To Detect and Prevent Fraud and Abuse
CED-80-100: Published: May 29, 1980. Publicly Released: May 29, 1980.
A review was undertaken of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to detect and prevent fraud and abuse. During most of the review, the Office of Audit was responsible for evaluating the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness of financial and program operations since the Office of Inspector General (OIG) was not established until January 7, 1980. Also, the Inspection Branch was respon...
Comments on H.R. 6745
B-198243: Published: May 28, 1980. Publicly Released: May 28, 1980.
House bill 6745 consolidates in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) the major Federal Government responsibilities with respect to ionizing radiation and making comparisons of the risks and effects of radiation from nuclear and nonnuclear sources. In order to better protect the public and the environment from radiation hazards, the Federal Government, States, and industry should provide more...
TVA's Clean Air Settlement With EPA
EMD-80-49: Published: Jan 14, 1980. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 1980.
A senator's staff asked for information pertaining to the Tennessee Valley Authority's (TVA) clean air settlement with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The total estimated cost of all Consent Decree compliance was $6.063 billion in 1982 present value dollars. These costs resulted from the clean air initiatives that TVA agreed to undertake in order to comply with EPA clean air standards....