Health hazards (41 - 50 of 69 items)
Pesticides: Reregistration Delays Jeopardize Success of Proposed Policy Reforms
T-RCED-94-48: Published: Oct 29, 1993. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 1993.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) reregistration of pesticides, focusing on the administration's proposal for reforming pesticide and food safety regulations. GAO noted that: (1) EPA estimates that it will not complete pesticide reregistration until 2006; (2) EPA has only reregistered 250 of the 20,000 pesticides currently registered; (3) most of the reregistered pesticides...
Lawn Care Pesticides: Reregistration Falls Further Behind and Exposure Effects Are Uncertain
RCED-93-80: Published: Apr 6, 1993. Publicly Released: May 6, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) reregistration of major lawn care pesticides, focusing on: (1) EPA guidelines for health risk assessments; and (2) whether EPA classified any of the pesticides as carcinogens that could leach into the groundwater.GAO found that: (1) studies on 18 major lawn care pesticides have been delayed up to 4 years;...
Drinking Water: Stronger Efforts Needed to Protect Areas Around Public Wells From Contamination
RCED-93-96: Published: Apr 14, 1993. Publicly Released: May 4, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) and state efforts to implement the wellhead protection (WHP) program, focusing on the: (1) barriers to states' WHP program development and implementation; and (2) options available to overcome implementation barriers.GAO found that: (1) only 26 states and 1 territory have complied with the 1989 legislativ...
Environmental Tobacco Smoke
RCED-93-77R: Published: Feb 8, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the public release by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of three draft documents dealing with environmental tobacco smoke. GAO noted that: (1) the EPA project manager responsible for the compendium sent a draft, without EPA management approval, to several external reviewers for review; (2) the external reviewer who wrote the chapter on hear...
RCED-93-62R: Published: Jan 8, 1993. Publicly Released: Feb 22, 1993.
GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) assessment of the environmental risks and availability of substitutes for ozone-depleting substances. GAO noted that: (1) EPA analysis of ozone-depleting substitutes has focused on its Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) program which assesses the risks and availability of alternative substances; (2) certain substitutes...
Toxic Substances: Federal Programs Do Not Fully Address Some Lead Exposure Issues
RCED-92-186: Published: May 15, 1992. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the overall federal strategy for reducing lead exposure and eliminating lead poisoning.GAO found that: (1) although federal activities to reduce childhood lead poisoning are extensive, they do not fully implement the Centers for Disease Control's (CDC) recommendations; (2) federal activities include enforcing environmental standards to prevent lead...
Water Pollution: EPA Budget Needs to Place Greater Emphasis on Controlling Nonpoint Source Pollution
T-RCED-92-46: Published: Apr 7, 1992. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 1992.
GAO discussed: (1) its report on barriers to state and local efforts to control non-point-source water pollution and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to control such pollution; and (2) EPA budget priorities for water quality for fiscal year (FY) 1992 and FY 1993. GAO noted that federal barriers to state and local non-point-source water pollution control efforts include: (1) agri...
Pesticides: USDA's Pesticides Residue Research Project
T-RCED-92-38: Published: Mar 11, 1992. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 1992.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) role in the registration of pesticides for use on minor crops, focusing on: (1) the status of the USDA Interregional Research Project No. 4 (IR-4), which supports the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) pesticide registration process for minor crops; (2) how IR-4 uses its resources; and (3) USDA responses to the availability of pesticides fo...
Groundwater Protection: Measurement of Relative Vulnerability to Pesticide Contamination
PEMD-92-8: Published: Oct 31, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the feasibility of differentially protecting groundwater from pesticide contamination based on the relative vulnerability of different geographic areas, focusing on the degree to which: (1) states and counties are uniform in their susceptibility to groundwater contamination; and (2) two common measures of relative vulnerability diverge in identify...
Lawn Care Pesticides: EPA Needs to Assess State Notification Programs
RCED-91-208: Published: Sep 25, 1991. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the kind of notice the public receives when commercial applicators apply pesticides.GAO found that: (1) state notification requirements vary in terms of who should be provided with information, when the information should be provided, what information should be provided, and whether the information must be requested; (2) 23 states re...