Health hazards (21 - 30 of 69 items)
Clean Air Act: Observations on EPA's Cost-Benefit Analysis of Its Mercury Control Options
GAO-05-252: Published: Feb 28, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2005.
Mercury is a toxic element that can cause neurological disorders in children. In January 2004, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) proposed two options for limiting mercury from power plants, and plans to finalize a rule in March 2005. The first would require each plant to meet emissions standards reflecting the application of control technology (the technology-based option), while the secon...
Great Lakes: A Comprehensive Strategy and Monitoring System Are Needed to Achieve Restoration Goals
GAO-04-782T: Published: May 21, 2004. Publicly Released: May 21, 2004.
The five Great Lakes, which comprise the largest system of freshwater in the world, are threatened on many environmental fronts. To address the extent of progress made in restoring the Great Lakes Basin, which includes the lakes and surrounding area, GAO (1) identified the federal and state environmental programs operating in the basin and funding devoted to them, (2) evaluated the restoration str...
Hazardous Waste: EPA's Cleanup of the Eagle-Picher Henryetta, Oklahoma, Site
GAO-03-1051R: Published: Sep 5, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2003.
From 1996 to 1997, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted a cleanup action on a former zinc smelter operated by Eagle-Picher Mining and Smelting, Inc. and other areas contaminated by materials from this site near Henryetta, Oklahoma. EPA's cleanup focused on removing the immediate health threat posed by lead- and arsenic-contaminated soil transported from the Eagle-Picher site to...
Environmental Protection Agency: Use of Precautionary Assumptions in Health Risk Assessments and Benefits Estimates
GAO-01-55: Published: Oct 16, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 2000.
Some of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) regulations set standards that limit environmental contaminants to levels that are determined, in large part, on the basis of the health risks they pose. When EPA assesses the health risks of contaminants, however, the agency is faced with uncertainties and gaps in scientific knowledge and data. This report summarizes GAO's findings on whether EP...
Air Pollution: Emission Sources Regulated by Multiple Clean Air Act Provisions
RCED-00-155: Published: May 31, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 3, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the regulatory programs that target specific pollutants or sources of pollution under the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments, focusing on: (1) examples of emission sources subject to regulation under more than one program authorized by the act; and (2) the status of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to facilitate compliance for such so...
Indoor Pollution: Status of Federal Research Activities
RCED-99-254: Published: Aug 31, 1999. Publicly Released: Aug 31, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the status of federal agencies' research activities on indoor environmental air quality.GAO noted that: (1) the Environmental Protection Agency officials and others have consistently identified indoor pollution as one of the most serious environmental risks to public health; (2) pollutant exposures encountered indoors can result in s...
Hazardous Waste: Information on Potential Superfund Sites
RCED-99-22: Published: Nov 30, 1998. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information from its surveys of Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regions, federal agencies, and states for each of the 3,036 potential Superfund sites awaiting a National Priorities List (NPL) decision, as well as for sites whose placement on the list has been opposed by state governors.GAO noted that: (1) of the 3,036 sites that EPA's Superfu...
Hazardous Waste: Unaddressed Risks at Many Potential Superfund Sites
RCED-99-8: Published: Nov 30, 1998. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO surveyed Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regions, other federal agencies, and states to: (1) determine the number of sites classified as awaiting a National Priorities List (NPL) decision that remain potentially eligible for the list; (2) describe the characteristics of these sites, including their health and environmental risks; (3) determine the sta...
Environmental Cleanup: DOD's Implementation of the Relative Risk Site Evaluation Process
NSIAD-99-25: Published: Oct 7, 1998. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1998.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Department of Defense's (DOD) relative risk site evaluation process, focusing on: (1) the extent to which DOD has issued uniform relative risk site evaluation guidance and the application of the guidance by the defense components; and (2) whether the relative risk site evaluation process provided data that enabled the defense components to ca...
Superfund: Chronology of Efforts to Resolve Liability for the American Chemical Services, Inc., Site
RCED-98-270R: Published: Sep 29, 1998. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the American Chemical Services (ACS), Inc., Superfund site in Griffith, Indiana, focusing on: (1) developing a chronology of its hazardous waste cleanup process; and (2) highlighting the liability decision points throughout the process.GAO noted that: (1) the process of determining liability at the ACS site has involved more than 1,0...