Environmental monitoring (201 - 243 of 243 items)
Shortfalls in BLM's Management of Wildlife Habitat in the California Desert Conservation Area
T-RCED-90-1: Published: Oct 2, 1989. Publicly Released: Oct 2, 1989.
GAO discussed the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) management of wildlife habitat in the California Desert Conservation Area (CDCA), focusing on its efforts to protect and enhance wildlife under current legislative authority. GAO found that: (1) in 1980, BLM developed a comprehensive land use plan that required it to develop specific plans for and monitor 57 wildlife habitat management areas and...
California Desert: Planned Wildlife Protection and Enhancement Objectives Not Achieved
RCED-89-171: Published: Jun 23, 1989. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO assessed whether the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) appropriately considered wildlife interests in its management of the California Desert Conservation Area (CDCA).GAO found that: (1) BLM is statutorily required to manage CDCA in accordance with the principles of multiple use, sustained yield, and resource protection; (2) BLM has worked to develop environm...
Observations on Infectious Waste Management
T-RCED-89-55: Published: Jul 25, 1989. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 1989.
GAO discussed six states' infectious waste regulatory programs and infectious waste management issues. GAO found that: (1) 90 percent of the states regulated or planned to regulate medical wastes but did not necessarily have separate infectious waste laws or programs; (2) five of the six states had specific infectious wastes legislation, while Arizona used its general health, air, and solid waste...
Creation of a Department of Environmental Protection
T-RCED-89-52: Published: Jun 21, 1989. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 1989.
GAO discussed the creation of a Department of Environmental Protection. GAO found that: (1) making the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) a cabinet-level agency would not change the role or the nature of environmental policy within the federal government or alter the agency's mission or responsibilities; (2) elevating EPA would better ensure that the head of the agency was equal with his counte...
Endangered Species: Management Improvements Could Enhance Recovery Program
RCED-89-5: Published: Dec 21, 1988. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined possible implementation deficiencies under the Endangered Species Program to determine: (1) the extent of recovery of domestic threatened and endangered species; (2) federal agencies' progress in developing recovery plans; and (3) whether the agencies implemented their recovery plans.GAO found that it was unable to measure program success becaus...
Environmental Protection: Bibliography of GAO Documents, January 1985 - August 1988
RCED-89-23: Published: Jan 1, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 1, 1989.
This bibliography includes information on documents directly or indirectly related to environmental protection that GAO released between January 1985 and August 1988. The documents included represent the broad relationship which exists between the environmental area and other areas of interest addressed by GAO such as health, energy, transportation, agriculture, and natural resources...
Government and the Environment: An Interview with Lee Thomas
139238: Jan 1, 1989
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 6, Summer 1989, presents a round table discussion with the Former Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on the EPA role in protecting the environment. The discussion focuses on: (1) the administrative accomplishments over the past 20 years and remaining problems; (2) the framework in which EPA operates; (3) the federal-state...
Superfund: Interim Assessment of EPA's Enforcement Program
RCED-89-40BR: Published: Oct 12, 1988. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Program to determine whether EPA: (1) used its enforcement tools effectively to clean up hazardous waste sites; (2) could do a better job of recovering cleanup costs from potentially responsible parties; and (3) had the necessary framework to plan, manage, and oversee the program.GAO found th...
Environmental Protection Agency: Protecting Human Health and the Environment Through Improved Management
RCED-88-101: Published: Aug 16, 1988. Publicly Released: Aug 16, 1988.
GAO performed a management review of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to determine how EPA can: (1) make and sustain management improvements to strengthen policy development; (2) better achieve program initiatives; (3) improve the integrity of management support systems; and (4) enhance planning for future environmental issues.GAO found that EPA actions to increase managerial and operatio...
Hazardous Waste: New Approach Needed to Manage the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
RCED-88-115: Published: Jul 19, 1988. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 1988.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) progress in implementing Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) provisions to determine whether EPA was: (1) identifying and regulating hazardous wastes; (2) ensuring RCRA facilities' compliance with regulatory controls; and (3) encouraging waste minimization.GAO found that: (1) EPA made limited progress in identifying and regulating...
Superfund De Minimis Settlements
T-RCED-88-46: Published: Jun 20, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1988.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 focusing on EPA de minimis settlement activities at two Superfund sites. GAO noted that the de minimis settlements involve parties that have caused a relatively small share of the pollution at the nation's worst hazardous waste sites. GAO found that EPA: (1) reached...
Rangeland Management: More Emphasis Needed on Declining and Overstocked Grazing Allotments
RCED-88-80: Published: Jun 10, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 1988.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) and the Forest Service's range management programs to determine: (1) their progress in improving range conditions; (2) whether they based grazing levels on recent and accurate rangeland assessments; (3) whether they used range improvement funds on the most beneficial projects; (4) the adequacy of their range co...
Groundwater Quality: State Activities To Guard Against Contaminants
PEMD-88-5: Published: Feb 2, 1988. Publicly Released: Feb 2, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed state groundwater standards activities, focusing on how states: (1) established groundwater standards; (2) set groundwater standards for specific contaminants; (3) used different standards; and (4) developed and implemented their standards.GAO found that: (1) 41 states have numeric or narrative groundwater standards or both, while 15 states have...
Management of the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program and EPA's Proposals To Control Vehicle Refueling and Evaporative Emissions
T-RCED-88-2: Published: Oct 2, 1987. Publicly Released: Oct 2, 1987.
GAO discussed the National Acid Precipitation Assessment Program's (NAPAP) research into acid rain and the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) proposed action to reduce gasoline vapors from motor vehicles. GAO found that: (1) although the first NAPAP assessment's purpose was to summarize current knowledge about acid rain, it generated considerable controversy; and (2) management changes and st...
Superfund: Civilian Federal Agencies Slow To Clean Up Hazardous Waste
RCED-87-153: Published: Jul 24, 1987. Publicly Released: Aug 28, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the status of 11 civilian federal agencies' efforts to identify, assess, evaluate, and clean up hazardous waste sites.GAO found that: (1) about 70 percent of the 1,882 potential hazardous waste sites identified as of September 1986 were at the Department of Energy's nuclear materials and weapons facilities and research laboratories; (2) the Dep...
Endangered Species: Limited Effect of Consultation Requirements on Western Water Projects
RCED-87-78: Published: Mar 26, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effect of the Endangered Species Act on the development of water rights in western states.GAO found that: (1) some competitors for scarce water claimed that reserving water for endangered species has hampered their ability to develop water resources for irrigation, municipal water supplies, and industrial development; (2) the Department of the...
Environmental, Safety, and Health Oversight of the Department of Energy's Operations
T-RCED-87-12: Published: Mar 25, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1987.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) oversight of environmental safety and health (ES&H) programs. In the past several years, GAO has addressed several issues concerning the need for internal ES&H oversight programs and outside independent assessments of safety analysis reports and waste disposal practices. GAO found that: (1) some DOE facilities were irreversibly contaminated and requir...
Mineral Resources: Interior Has Improved Its Administration of Coal Exchanges
RCED-87-53: Published: Feb 17, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Department of the Interior's procedures for administering the trade or exchange of federal coal lands, interest, or leases for privately owned property to determine whether they ensure the: (1) exchange of coal of equal value only; (2) protection of environmental values; (3) protection of the public interest; and (4) prevention of potential...
Hazardous Waste: Enforcement of Certification Requirements for Land Disposal Facilities
RCED-87-60BR: Published: Jan 27, 1987. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) enforcement of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act's certification requirements for owners of hazardous waste land disposal facilities operating under interim status.GAO found that EPA: (1) targeted facilities for priority inspection or review on the basis of indications that the facilities mig...
Air Pollution: Improvements Needed in Developing and Managing EPA's Air Quality Models
RCED-86-94: Published: Apr 22, 1986. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reported on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of air quality models in carrying out the requirements of the Clean Air Act, specifically: (1) the accuracy, adequacy, and cost of the models; (2) the problems and limitations arising from uncertainties associated with the models; and (3) the appropriateness of an agreement between EPA and its c...
Chemical Data: EPA's Data Collection Practices and Procedures on Chemicals
RCED-86-63: Published: Feb 10, 1986. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) data collection procedures and practices for toxic emissions and hazardous substances, specifically: (1) the types of data that EPA collects to support its regulatory decisions; and (2) EPA verification efforts to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the data it collects.GAO found that: (1) EPA makes de...
Hazardous Waste: Federal Agency Hazardous Waste Disposal at Kettleman Hills, California
RCED-86-50: Published: Dec 26, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether federal agencies disposed of hazardous wastes at a firm's facility in Kettleman Hills, California after the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cited the facility for significant violations of environmental regulations.GAO noted that: (1) EPA banned its own use of the Kettleman Hills facility for hazardous waste disposal because of the si...
Hazardous Waste: Status of Cleanup at the Former West Virginia Ordnance Works
NSIAD-86-22BR: Published: Dec 6, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Defense program for identifying and cleaning up hazardous waste on its formerly owned properties and provided a status report on the progress of the decontamination at the former West Virginia Ordnance Works (WVOW).In 1942, WVOW was established on approximately 8,300 acres of land for the manufacture of TNT. In 1945, it was clo...
Status of EPA's Efforts To Regulate Chemical Substances as Hazardous Air Pollutants Under the Clean Air Act
RCED-85-168: Published: Sep 30, 1985. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 1985.
GAO reported on the status of EPA efforts to fulfill a commitment to make a decision regarding the need for regulation of 20 to 25 chemical substances as hazardous air pollutants.GAO noted that EPA now issues notices of intent to list or regulate specific chemicals where regulation seems warranted. Since these notices are not legally binding regulatory decisions, they do not require EPA to propose...
A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: Environmental Protection
RCED-85-154: Published: Aug 1, 1985. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1985.
This bibliography includes information on documents directly or indirectly related to environmental protection that have been released by GAO between January 1981 and December 1984. The documents included are representative of the broad interrelationship which exists between the environmental area and other areas of interest addressed by GAO such as health, energy, transportation, agriculture, and...
EPA's Disposal of Superfund Wastes
126813: Apr 29, 1985
In response to a congressional request, GAO discussed the extent to which: (1) hazardous wastes removed from Superfund sites are being sent to commercial hazardous waste landfills which are not in compliance with applicable regulations; and (2) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) policies and other guidance prohibit sending Superfund wastes to landfills that do not comply with applicable require...
Survey of Selected Financial and Administrative Aspects of the Air Pollution Control Grant Program in Region IV, Atlanta, Georgia
089135: Jul 10, 1975
No summary is currently available...
Status of Air Force Efforts To Deal With Groundwater Contamination Problems at McClellan Air Force Base
NSIAD-84-37: Published: Nov 29, 1983. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 1983.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Air Force efforts relating to ground water contamination at McClellan Air Force Base, focusing on: (1) the adequacy of a technical report that was to determine the extent of ground water contamination and suggest solutions; (2) Air Force procedures for releasing contamination data and reports to the public; (3) Air Force actions to improve its prog...
Need To Improve Fishery Management Plan Process
RCED-83-72: Published: Jan 7, 1983. Publicly Released: Jan 7, 1983.
GAO reviewed the fishery management planning process authorized under the Fishery Conservation and Management Act, which extended U.S. fisheries' jurisdiction and established eight regional fishery management councils which develop plans that provide the basis for and describe the conservation, management, and regulatory measures which govern and control specific fisheries. The National Marine Fis...
Problems in Air Quality Monitoring System Affect Data Reliability
CED-82-101: Published: Sep 22, 1982. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 1982.
The Clean Air Act requires the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to establish a nationwide air quality monitoring network, and each year EPA makes decisions, based on the data received from this network, which have significant impacts on the health and economic well-being of the nation's citizens. Accurate and reliable air quality data are essential in formulating many of these decisions, eval...
Developing Alaska's Energy Resources: Actions Needed To Stimulate Research and Improve Wetlands Permit Processing
EMD-82-44: Published: Jun 17, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1982.
To determine if federal agencies are advancing environmentally sound approaches to energy exploration and development, GAO evaluated: (1) the results of oil- and gas-related experience on the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge, the only federal land in Alaska where significant production has occurred; (2) the measures used in Alaska to prohibit exploratory drilling during certain months of the year an...
Environmental Protection: Agenda for the 1980's
CED-82-73: Published: May 5, 1982. Publicly Released: May 5, 1982.
GAO prepared a staff study as part of its continuing reassessment of areas of national concern and interest and identified environmental protection problems and issues most in need of attention. The review will influence the scope and direction of GAO audit efforts involving pollution control programs and activities.Environmental pollution affects the daily lives of all Americans in some form or m...
Information on the Environmental Protection Agency's Enforcement Activities
CED-82-62: Published: Apr 1, 1982. Publicly Released: May 3, 1982.
In response to congressional concern, GAO provided information pertaining to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) hazardous waste enforcement activities. This information reviewed: (1) the change in EPA enforcement policy under the current Administration; (2) potential enforcement organizational problems; (3) problems in issuing enforcement guidance and policies to the regions; and (4) the elimin...
Comments on the U.S. Department of Agriculture's 1981 Program Report and Environmental Impact Statement
CED-82-41: Published: Jan 29, 1982. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 1982.
In response to the Secretary of Agriculture's request for comments, GAO reviewed the revised draft report outlining the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) proposed national soil and water conservation program.Although USDA has spent considerable effort in reviewing the adequacy of the nation's soil and water resources, it will not have the basis for the effective program intended by the Soil and W...
Hazardous Waste Facilities With Interim Status May Be Endangering Public Health and the Environment
CED-81-158: Published: Sep 28, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 1981.
When the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act was enacted, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was directed to develop regulations governing hazardous waste facilities. After much delay, EPA finally issued interim status requirements outlining minimum national requirements. GAO was requested to determine: (1) the extent to which facilities with interim status meet the EPA requirements; (2)...
The Debate Over Acid Precipitation: Opposing Views and Status of Research
EMD-81-131: Published: Sep 11, 1981. Publicly Released: Sep 11, 1981.
GAO undertook an analysis of the acid rain phenomenon by examining the current state of knowledge on the subject; the type of information that can be expected from the scientific work in progress; and the likely consequences for energy development, the environment, and economic development should regulatory action be taken now instead of waiting until more information is available.Acid precipitati...
The Interstate Transport of Sulfur Dioxide and Total Suspended Particulates
091108: Jun 30, 1981
No summary is currently available...
Further Federal Action Needed To Detect and Control Environmental Contamination of Food
CED-81-19: Published: Dec 31, 1980. Publicly Released: Dec 31, 1980.
GAO was requested to investigate the circumstances surrounding an incident involving the contamination of chickens and other food items in several Western States by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB). Because numerous Federal, State, and local investigators were checking into the situation at the time, it was decided that GAO would monitor the Federal agencies' investigations and report the correctiv...
EPA Is Slow To Carry Out Its Responsibility To Control Harmful Chemicals
CED-81-1: Published: Oct 28, 1980. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1980.
GAO made a review to determine the problems the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has faced in implementing the Toxic Substances Control Act and the corrective actions which have been or are being taken. The Act gave EPA broad new authority to control chemicals which present an unreasonable risk to health and environment.Almost 4 years after the enactment of the Act, neither the public nor the...
The Energy Department's Office of Environment Does Not Have a Large Role in Decision-Making
EMD-80-50: Published: Jan 29, 1980. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 1980.
The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Environment (OE) has had problems influencing DOE decisions to select and develop energy technologies.OE does not have a large role in decisions to select and develop energy programs and projects. However, OE has developed several processes which have made program officials more aware of the need to comply with environmental regulations as well as the nee...
Improvements Needed in Controlling Major Air Pollution Sources
CED-78-165: Published: Jan 2, 1979. Publicly Released: Jan 2, 1979.
Compliance with the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1970 by major air pollution sources can not be adequately determined due to ineffective oversight and inadequate recordkeeping by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).GAO found that: (1) in New York and Illinois, almost 70 percent of the sources subject to enforcement action since 1973 were not in compliance with emission limitations; and (2) in...
Department of Defense Air Pollution Control: Progress and Delays
LCD-77-305: Published: Jul 18, 1977. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 1977.
Pollution from stationary sources at some Department of Defense (DOD) installations will continue to pollute the nation's air for several years. Federal agencies had until July 1, 1975, in most areas of the country, to comply with federal air pollution standards.While some steps have been taken to control air pollution, DOD needs to do much more to comply with emission control standards. DOD and i...