Environmental policies (451 - 500 of 585 items)
Federal Land Management: Financial Guarantees Encourage Reclamation of National Forest System Lands
RCED-87-157: Published: Aug 24, 1987. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the success of the Forest Service's policy of requiring financial guarantees for hardrock mining operations that could significantly disturb National Forest System lands.GAO found that: (1) requiring mine operators to post financial guarantees ensures that the operators will reclaim sites on national forest lands; (2) the Forest Service required...
Hazardous Waste: Siting of Storage Facility at Kelly Air Force Base, Texas
NSIAD-87-200BR: Published: Jul 31, 1987. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reported on Department of Defense (DOD) actions to ensure proper disposal of hazardous materials at Kelly Air Force Base (AFB), including site selection and storage.GAO found that: (1) DOD took appropriate steps in selecting Kelly AFB for the storage of its toxic waste materials; (2) the Texas Water Commission will issue a final decision on the DOD reque...
Endangered Species: Limited Effect of Consultation Requirements on Western Water Projects
RCED-87-78: Published: Mar 26, 1987. Publicly Released: Apr 9, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the effect of the Endangered Species Act on the development of water rights in western states.GAO found that: (1) some competitors for scarce water claimed that reserving water for endangered species has hampered their ability to develop water resources for irrigation, municipal water supplies, and industrial development; (2) the Department of the...
Environmental, Safety, and Health Oversight of the Department of Energy's Operations
T-RCED-87-12: Published: Mar 25, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 25, 1987.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) oversight of environmental safety and health (ES&H) programs. In the past several years, GAO has addressed several issues concerning the need for internal ES&H oversight programs and outside independent assessments of safety analysis reports and waste disposal practices. GAO found that: (1) some DOE facilities were irreversibly contaminated and requir...
Hazardous Waste: Uncertainties of Existing Data
PEMD-87-11BR: Published: Feb 18, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO addressed the issue of whether future treatment, storage, and disposal capacities will be quantitatively adequate to manage the volume of hazardous wastes being generated.GAO found that, after reviewing approximately 90 studies and documents, there were significant data gaps, methodological problems, and other issues that precluded it from: (1) relying u...
Mineral Resources: Interior Has Improved Its Administration of Coal Exchanges
RCED-87-53: Published: Feb 17, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Department of the Interior's procedures for administering the trade or exchange of federal coal lands, interest, or leases for privately owned property to determine whether they ensure the: (1) exchange of coal of equal value only; (2) protection of environmental values; (3) protection of the public interest; and (4) prevention of potential...
Surface Mining: State Management of Abandoned Mine Land Funds
RCED-87-57: Published: Feb 6, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 9, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated how effectively states manage their abandoned mine reclamation funds, specifically whether they: (1) have adequate financial controls to ensure the proper use of reclamation funds; (2) are reclaiming eligible sites in proper priority sequence; (3) are managing projects in accordance with federal procurement, monitoring, and reporting standards;...
Hazardous Waste: Enforcement of Certification Requirements for Land Disposal Facilities
RCED-87-60BR: Published: Jan 27, 1987. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) enforcement of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act's certification requirements for owners of hazardous waste land disposal facilities operating under interim status.GAO found that EPA: (1) targeted facilities for priority inspection or review on the basis of indications that the facilities mig...
Parks and Recreation: Limited Progress Made in Documenting and Mitigating Threats to the Parks
RCED-87-36: Published: Feb 9, 1987. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on: (1) National Park Service (NPS) actions to address threats to the National Park System's natural and cultural resources; and (2) the extent to which current legislation obligates NPS to intercede in outside actions that would affect park resources.GAO found that: (1) although NPS required parks to complete resource management pla...
Nuclear Waste: Institutional Relations Under the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982
RCED-87-14: Published: Feb 9, 1987. Publicly Released: Feb 9, 1987.
In response to a congressional request to assess the Department of Energy's (DOE) relations with the states and Indian tribes that its Nuclear Waste Repository Program affects, GAO: (1) identified the states' and tribes' concerns with the program, including their level of participation in the decisionmaking process for waste sites; (2) examined the DOE program for involving states and tribes and t...
Pesticides: Need To Enhance FDA's Ability To Protect the Public From Illegal Residues
RCED-87-7: Published: Oct 27, 1986. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) activities to protect the public from exposure to illegal pesticide residues in the domestic food supply under the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, specifically its: (1) monitoring of the nation's domestic food supply for illegal residues; and (2) efforts to prevent food containing illegal residues from reac...
Hazardous Waste: EPA's Superfund Program Improvements Result in Fewer Stopgap Cleanups
RCED-86-204: Published: Aug 15, 1986. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the number and cost of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) repeat cleanup actions at priority sites; (2) whether EPA is performing more thorough cleanups at priority hazardous waste sites; and (3) whether EPA has changed its removal operating policies and procedures since February 1985.In February 1985, GAO recommended that EPA revise...
Nuclear Waste: Issues Concerning DOE's Postponement of Second Repository Siting Activities
RCED-86-200FS: Published: Jul 30, 1986. Publicly Released: Aug 12, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reported on the Department of Energy's (DOE) second nuclear waste repository program in light of its decision to indefinitely postpone all DOE site-specific work on a second repository.GAO found that: (1) as the result of the postponement decision, DOE planned to curtail all second-repository site-specific activities, including financial assistance to in...
Hazardous Waste: EPA's Consideration of Permanent Cleanup Remedies
RCED-86-178BR: Published: Jul 7, 1986. Publicly Released: Aug 6, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO: (1) reported on the extent to which the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has considered the use of treatment technologies that permanently destroy or detoxify wastes at the nation's worst hazardous waste sites; and (2) identified the barriers to the increased use of such technologies and EPA efforts to overcome them.GAO found that: (1) in the first...
GAO Work on Nuclear Waste Issue
130597: Jul 31, 1986
In response to a congressional request, GAO: (1) provided an overview of its work on the nuclear waste issue; and (2) testified on relations between the Department of Energy (DOE), states, and Indian tribes regarding the waste program. In its previous reports, GAO determined that the DOE: (1) plan for constructing a monitored retrievable storage facility could hinder the repository program's progr...
Air Pollution: Improvements Needed in Developing and Managing EPA's Air Quality Models
RCED-86-94: Published: Apr 22, 1986. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reported on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) use of air quality models in carrying out the requirements of the Clean Air Act, specifically: (1) the accuracy, adequacy, and cost of the models; (2) the problems and limitations arising from uncertainties associated with the models; and (3) the appropriateness of an agreement between EPA and its c...
Federal Land Management: Permits for Film-Making and Wind Studies in Southern California
RCED-86-135BR: Published: Apr 4, 1986. Publicly Released: May 23, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) issuance of temporary use permits during fiscal years (FY) 1982 through 1985 for wind anemometers and movie and television filming at four BLM resource area offices in California.GAO found that: (1) during FY 1982 through 1985, BLM issued temporary land use permits for 7 wind anemometer studie...
Nonagricultural Pesticides: Risks and Regulation
RCED-86-97: Published: Apr 18, 1986. Publicly Released: May 19, 1986.
In response to congressional requests, GAO reported on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to determine the: (1) risks associated with the use of nonagricultural pesticides; (2) extent of public information concerning such risks; and (3) requirements for professional pesticide applicators to protect the public from misuse.The chronic health risks associated with nonagricultural pes...
Hazardous Waste: Responsible Party Clean Up Efforts Require Improved Oversight
RCED-86-123: Published: May 6, 1986. Publicly Released: May 6, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed cleanup activities at priority hazardous waste sites, specifically: (1) the number, estimated value, and purpose of settlement agreements between the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and responsible parties; and (2) how well EPA is overseeing responsible-party compliance with the settlement terms.GAO found that: (1) approximately half of th...
Quarterly Report on DOE's Nuclear Waste Program as of March 31, 1986
RCED-86-154FS: Published: Apr 30, 1986. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 1986.
Pursuant to congressional requests, GAO provided its quarterly status report on the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of its nuclear waste program.GAO found that, during the quarter: (1) the National Academy of Sciences completed its independent review of the methodology DOE used to evaluate and rank first-repository sites and concluded that the methodology was satisfactory and appropria...
Air Pollution: EPA's Efforts To Reduce and End the Use of Lead in Gasoline
RCED-86-80FS: Published: Mar 12, 1986. Publicly Released: Apr 11, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to substantially reduce and possibly end the use of lead in gasoline and the extent to which EPA considered the impact on agricultural machinery using low-lead gasoline.GAO found that: (1) in March 1985, EPA issued final rules to reduce the allowable amount of lead in gasoline to...
Public Lands: Interior Should Ensure Against Abuses From Hardrock Mining
RCED-86-48: Published: Mar 27, 1986. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 1986.
GAO evaluated how the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) carries out its mining claim recording and environmental protection responsibilities under the Federal Land Policy and Management Act, focusing on BLM procedures for ensuring that: (1) it gets enough information to determine the location and validity of mining claims on federal lands; and (2) mined lands are adequately reclaimed once mining act...
Hazardous Waste: Environmental Safeguards Jeopardized When Facilities Cease Operating
RCED-86-77: Published: Feb 11, 1986. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined the extent to which: (1) owners and operators of hazardous waste facilities have declared bankruptcy and thereby avoided paying closure and post-closure costs for their facilities; (2) financial assistance requirements ensure that sufficient funds will be available to close and provide post-closure care at such facilities; (3) facilities that cea...
Chemical Data: EPA's Data Collection Practices and Procedures on Chemicals
RCED-86-63: Published: Feb 10, 1986. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) data collection procedures and practices for toxic emissions and hazardous substances, specifically: (1) the types of data that EPA collects to support its regulatory decisions; and (2) EPA verification efforts to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the data it collects.GAO found that: (1) EPA makes de...
[Question Concerning Legal Conclusion in GAO Report]
B-208593: Published: Jan 7, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 7, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether it is legal for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to continue to not impose the nonattainment policy the Clean Air Act requires, even though a fiscal year 1984 appropriations act restriction on sanctions was not reimposed in 1985 or 1986. GAO found that: (1) only one penalty, a construction moratorium, is an appropriate sanction...
Resource Protection: Mississippi Valley Canada Geese: Flyway Management Obstacles
RCED-86-31: Published: Feb 5, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 1986.
In response to congressional requests, GAO reviewed the Fish and Wildlife Service's (FWS) hunting regulations and cooperative management program for the Mississippi Valley Population of Canada geese (MVP), specifically the: (1) level of cooperation between the states in the Mississippi Flyway Council and FWS; (2) progress made in reaching the program's goal to increase MVP size; and (3) concern th...
Quarterly Report on DOE's Nuclear Waste Program as of December 31, 1985
RCED-86-86: Published: Jan 31, 1986. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided its annual report on the status of the Nuclear Waste Fund and the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act. Under the act, the DOE Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (OCRWM) is responsible for: (1) conducting detailed site characterization studies at potential nuclear waste repository sites; (2) desig...
Hazardous Waste: Federal Agency Hazardous Waste Disposal at Kettleman Hills, California
RCED-86-50: Published: Dec 26, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether federal agencies disposed of hazardous wastes at a firm's facility in Kettleman Hills, California after the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cited the facility for significant violations of environmental regulations.GAO noted that: (1) EPA banned its own use of the Kettleman Hills facility for hazardous waste disposal because of the si...
Pollution Control: Information on Chemical Industry Safety Equipment Expenditures
RCED-86-70FS: Published: Dec 20, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 21, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on capital and operating expenditures for pollution control equipment for the chemical and allied products industry.GAO provided information that was compiled by the Department of Commerce for the years 1977 through 1983 for the United States and seven states. GAO noted that: (1) it did not verify the accuracy of the data; and (2) accid...
Hazardous Waste: Status of Cleanup at the Former West Virginia Ordnance Works
NSIAD-86-22BR: Published: Dec 6, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Defense program for identifying and cleaning up hazardous waste on its formerly owned properties and provided a status report on the progress of the decontamination at the former West Virginia Ordnance Works (WVOW).In 1942, WVOW was established on approximately 8,300 acres of land for the manufacture of TNT. In 1945, it was clo...
Air Pollution: Environmental Protection Agency's Inspections of Stationary Sources
RCED-86-1BR: Published: Oct 24, 1985. Publicly Released: Nov 25, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) inspection program for stationary air pollution sources, focusing on: (1) whether EPA was conducting inspections as required; and (2) whether the EPA inspections provide adequate assurance that the requirements of the Clean Air Act are being met. As part of its review, GAO contracted for a study of inspec...
Outer Continental Shelf Lease Sale 82--Sale Preparation and Subsequent Cancellation
RCED-86-30: Published: Oct 15, 1985. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the recent Outer Continental Shelf lease sale number 82 which was cancelled when no industry bids were received and discussed why: (1) the companies that expressed interest in the offshore sale areas did not bid on the tracts offered; and (2) the Department of the Interior offered to lease certain tracts that Massachusetts believed were environment...
Status of EPA's Efforts To Regulate Chemical Substances as Hazardous Air Pollutants Under the Clean Air Act
RCED-85-168: Published: Sep 30, 1985. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 1985.
GAO reported on the status of EPA efforts to fulfill a commitment to make a decision regarding the need for regulation of 20 to 25 chemical substances as hazardous air pollutants.GAO noted that EPA now issues notices of intent to list or regulate specific chemicals where regulation seems warranted. Since these notices are not legally binding regulatory decisions, they do not require EPA to propose...
A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: Environmental Protection
RCED-85-154: Published: Aug 1, 1985. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1985.
This bibliography includes information on documents directly or indirectly related to environmental protection that have been released by GAO between January 1981 and December 1984. The documents included are representative of the broad interrelationship which exists between the environmental area and other areas of interest addressed by GAO such as health, energy, transportation, agriculture, and...
Moratorium on Enforcement of Provision of Federal Water Pollution Control Act
B-199440: Published: Aug 7, 1980. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 1985.
GAO reviewed the moratorium on enforcement of a provision of the Water Pollution Control Act which requires a grantee to recover the federal share of industry-related costs of a publicly owned treatment works from its industrial users. A question was raised as to whether any formal or informal administrative extension of the moratorium is lawful. Also, whether there is any grantee or industriial u...
EPA's Disposal of Superfund Wastes
126813: Apr 29, 1985
In response to a congressional request, GAO discussed the extent to which: (1) hazardous wastes removed from Superfund sites are being sent to commercial hazardous waste landfills which are not in compliance with applicable regulations; and (2) Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) policies and other guidance prohibit sending Superfund wastes to landfills that do not comply with applicable require...
Cleaning Up Hazardous Wastes: An Overview of Superfund Reauthorization Issues
RCED-85-69: Published: Mar 29, 1985. Publicly Released: Mar 29, 1985.
GAO reported on Superfund issues, including the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act.GAO found that the cost and scope of the hazardous waste problem, the degree of health risks involved, and the cost of correcting these problems are unknown. Under the act, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has no mandate to set nationwide cleanup standards or oversee state...
Department of Energy Implementation of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982
126343: Mar 5, 1985
GAO discussed its recently issued reports on Department of Energy (DOE) efforts to implement the Nuclear Waste Policy Act. In those reports, GAO noted that DOE has made significant progress toward implementing major legislative requirements. However, although DOE is required to make a formal recommendation as to the proposed site for the first nuclear waste repository by January 1, 1985, it does n...
Clearer EPA Superfund Program Policies Should Improve Cleanup Efforts
RCED-85-54: Published: Feb 6, 1985. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the types of removal actions taken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at hazardous waste sites under its Superfund program and whether existing legislation allows for more comprehensive cleanup of contamination by the removal program.GAO found that: (1) from December 1980 to February 1984, EPA finished immediate removal actions at 165...
Status of the Department of Energy's Implementation of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 as of December 31, 1984
RCED-85-65: Published: Jan 31, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reported on the Department of Energy's (DOE) implementation of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act for the quarter ending December 31, 1984. The report discussed DOE progress in meeting legislative deadlines, the status of the Nuclear Waste Fund, program management, information system development, and federal relations with the states and tribes.GAO found that...
Department of Energy's Initial Efforts To Implement the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982
RCED-85-27: Published: Jan 10, 1985. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 1985.
GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) efforts to implement the Nuclear Waste Policy Act in the areas of: (1) identifying waste disposal sites; (2) financing the waste disposal program through user fees; and (3) establishing an organization to carry out the program.GAO found that DOE met its statutory milestones for notifying the affected states that it identified repository locations for f...
Forest Service's Program To Identify Unneeded Land for Potential Sale Is Stalled
RCED-85-16: Published: Nov 6, 1984. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 1984.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Forest Service's program to identify and dispose of unneeded land, including: (1) how the Service plans to implement an executive order which asked federal agencies to identify and dispose of such land; (2) its land management process; and (3) the problems and costs involved in selling the land.GAO found that the Service is not determining w...
EPA's Development of the Carbon Monoxide Standards
125277: Oct 1, 1984
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) development of air quality standards for carbon monoxide, focusing on: (1) research used by EPA to support the standards it developed; and (2) how communication between EPA, the Veterans Administration (VA), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) affected the development of the standards. GAO stated that, while there was some doubt abou...
Economic Uses of the National Wildlife Refuge System Unlikely To Increase Significantly
RCED-84-108: Published: Jun 15, 1984. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of the Interior's plans to expand the economic and public uses of lands included in the National Wildlife Refuge System (NWRS), focusing on: (1) how expansion decisions were reached and whether data provided by individual refuges were considered in Interior's plans; (2) plans to increase oil and gas development on NWRS lands; and (3)...
State Experiences With Taxes on Generators or Disposers of Hazardous Waste
RCED-84-146: Published: May 4, 1984. Publicly Released: May 11, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO obtained information on taxation of generators and disposers of hazardous wastes. Taxes of this type are known as waste-end taxes. GAO examined the operation of waste-end taxes in three states in an attempt to determine: (1) whether states have achieved their objectives in establishing waste-end taxes; (2) states' concerns about a proposed federal waste-end...
Land Use Bibliography
RCED-84-153: Published: May 1, 1984. Publicly Released: May 1, 1984.
This bibliography includes information on GAO documents directly and indirectly related to land use planning, management, and control which were released between January 1979 and December 1983...
Status of the General Accounting Office Reviews Concerning EPA's Superfund Activities
123544: Mar 1, 1984
Testimony was given concerning GAO reviews of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund program which focused on: (1) state experiences with waste-end taxes and some of the implementation problems that might be encountered if there were a similar federal tax; (2) the EPA estimate of the cost to clean up the nation's worst hazardous waste sites; (3) the success of the Superfund removal...
Survey of Selected Financial and Administrative Aspects of the Air Pollution Control Grant Program in Region IV, Atlanta, Georgia
089135: Jul 10, 1975
No summary is currently available...
Status of Air Force Efforts To Deal With Groundwater Contamination Problems at McClellan Air Force Base
NSIAD-84-37: Published: Nov 29, 1983. Publicly Released: Nov 29, 1983.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Air Force efforts relating to ground water contamination at McClellan Air Force Base, focusing on: (1) the adequacy of a technical report that was to determine the extent of ground water contamination and suggest solutions; (2) Air Force procedures for releasing contamination data and reports to the public; (3) Air Force actions to improve its prog...
Information on Disposal Practices of Generators of Small Quantities of Hazardous Wastes
RCED-83-200: Published: Sep 28, 1983. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the problems caused by the disposal of hazardous waste into solid waste landfills by small-quantity generators of such waste.GAO found that: (1) although federal grants for small-quantity waste generator programs were eliminated in fiscal year 1982, officials in three of the four states visited by GAO indicated that they were able to increase st...