Environmental policies (111 - 120 of 585 items)
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Information on Oil and Gas Activities in the National Wildlife Refuge System
GAO-02-64R: Published: Oct 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Nov 13, 2001.
This report provides information on oil and gas activities in the National Wildlife Refuge System. GAO focuses on (1) how many units produced or had oil or gas activities on their lands in 2000, (2) why these activities took place in these units, (3) the number of these units for which the federal government owned the oil and gas mineral rights, (4) resources available to these units to manage oil...
Invasive Species: Obstacles Hinder Federal Rapid Response to Growing Threat
GAO-01-724: Published: Jul 24, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2001.
Invasive species--harmful, nonnative plants, animals, and microorganisms--are widespread throughout the United States, causing billions of dollars of damage annually to crops, rangelands, and waterways. An important part of pest control is quick action to eradicate or contain a potentially damaging invasive species. Federal rapid response to invasive species varies: species that threaten agricultu...
Environmental Protection: Grants Awarded for Continuing Environmental Programs and Projects
GAO-01-860R: Published: Jun 29, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2001.
This report reviews the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) administration of grants for environmental programs and projects. GAO focuses on the (1) total dollar amounts by type of grants awarded, (2) type of entities receiving these grants, (3) EPA offices awarding grants, and (4) congressional and other concerns raised by EPA grant activities. GAO found that EPA awarded about $16.7 billion i...
Wetlands Protection: Assessments Needed to Determine Effectiveness of In-Lieu-Fee Mitigation
GAO-01-325: Published: May 4, 2001. Publicly Released: May 30, 2001.
More than half the estimated 220 million acres of marshes, bogs, swamps, and other wetlands in the United States during the colonial times, have disappeared, and others have become degraded. This decline is due, primarily, to farming and development. Developers whose projects may harm wetlands must, according to environmental regulations, first avoid and then minimize adverse impacts to wetlands t...
Air Pollution: EPA Should Improve Oversight of Emissions Reporting by Large Facilities
GAO-01-46: Published: Apr 6, 2001. Publicly Released: May 7, 2001.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) performs limited oversight of states' processes for verifying the accuracy of large industrial facilities' emissions reports. EPA's data show that most emissions determinations from large sources are based on generic emissions factors. Although EPA allows facilities to estimate their emissions in this manner, EPA officials generally consider direct methods...
South Florida Ecosystem Restoration:Substantial Progress Made in Developing a Strategic Plan, but Actions Still Needed
GAO-01-361: Published: Mar 27, 2001. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 2001.
The South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Initiative is a complex, long-term effort to restore the South Florida ecosystem--including the Everglades--that involves federal, state, local, and tribal entities, as well as public and private interests. In response to growing signs of the ecosystem's deterioration, federal agencies established the South Florida Ecosystem Restoration Task Force in 1993 to...
Endangered Species Act: Fee-Based Mitigation Arrangements
GAO-01-287R: Published: Feb 15, 2001. Publicly Released: Feb 15, 2001.
The Endangered Species Act seeks to protect affected species and their habitats from the activities of federal agencies and individual landowners. If a landowner plans to engage in an activity that may harm endangered species or their habitats, the landowner may prepare a Habitat Conservation Plan that may include paying a fee to a third party to ensure that the affected species is protected. GAO...
Consequences of the Ruling by the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals on Forest Management Projects
GAO-01-51R: Published: Nov 30, 2000. Publicly Released: Jan 2, 2001.
The decision by the United States Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit resulted in the Forest Service's suspending or maintaining the suspension of 49 projects within Georgia's Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forests--11 for contracted timber sales and 27 for vegetative management actions. The decision did not result in the suspension of projects in other national forests in Alabama and Florida. Ac...
Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: Environmental Protection Agency
GAO-01-257: Published: Jan 1, 2001. Publicly Released: Jan 1, 2001.
This report, part of GAO's performance and accountability series, discusses the major management challenges and program risks facing the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). These challenges include (1) improving environmental performance information management, (2) developing a comprehensive human capital approach, and (3) strengthening working relationships with the states.Below are the report...
Forest Service Roadless Areas: Potential Impact of Proposed Regulations on Ecological Sustainability
GAO-01-47: Published: Nov 8, 2000. Publicly Released: Nov 20, 2000.
The Forest Service manages about 192 million acres of land that make up the National Forest System. The agency has proposed to make ecological sustainability its top priority in an attempt to sustain a flow of products, services, and values from the national forests and grasslands. One of the most debated issues is the role of roads, especially in areas that are now roadless. This report summarize...