Environmental policies (91 - 100 of 585 items)
Hazardous Waste: EPA's Cleanup of the Eagle-Picher Henryetta, Oklahoma, Site
GAO-03-1051R: Published: Sep 5, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2003.
From 1996 to 1997, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted a cleanup action on a former zinc smelter operated by Eagle-Picher Mining and Smelting, Inc. and other areas contaminated by materials from this site near Henryetta, Oklahoma. EPA's cleanup focused on removing the immediate health threat posed by lead- and arsenic-contaminated soil transported from the Eagle-Picher site to...
Superfund Program: Current Status and Future Fiscal Challenges
GAO-03-850: Published: Jul 31, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 2, 2003.
Congress established the Superfund program in 1980 to clean up highly contaminated hazardous waste sites. Among other things, the law established a trust fund to help the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) pay for cleanups and related program activities. The trust fund was financed primarily by three dedicated taxes until 1995, when the taxing authority expired. EPA continues to discover sites...
Endangered Species: Despite Consultation Improvement Efforts in the Pacific Northwest, Concerns Persist about the Process
GAO-03-949T: Published: Jun 25, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2003.
The Endangered Species Act requires all federal agencies to consult with the Fish and Wildlife Service or the National Marine Fisheries Service (the Services) to determine the effect that the activities they conduct, permit, or fund may have on threatened or endangered species. In particular, federal agencies (action agencies) must ensure that their activities do not jeopardize the continued exist...
Environmental Compliance: Better DOD Guidance Needed to Ensure That the Most Important Activities Are Funded
GAO-03-639: Published: Jun 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2003.
The Department of Defense (DOD) and its military services are responsible for complying with a broad range of environmental laws and other requirements that apply to the lands they manage, including more than 425 major military installations covering about 25 million acres across the United States. Through its environmental quality program, DOD spends about $2 billion per year to comply with these...
Invasive Species: Federal Efforts and State Perspectives on Challenges and National Leadership
GAO-03-916T: Published: Jun 17, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2003.
Invasive species--nonnative plants and animals--have caused billions of dollars in damage to natural areas, businesses, and consumers. In 2001, the federal government issued a National Management Plan to coordinate a national control effort involving the 20 or so federal agencies that are responsible for managing invasive species. In October 2002, GAO reported on the implementation of the manageme...
Climate Change: Information on Three Air Pollutants' Climate Effects and Emissions Trends
GAO-03-25: Published: Apr 28, 2003. Publicly Released: May 28, 2003.
Solar radiation is absorbed by the earth and is subsequently reemitted. The buildup of carbon dioxide and certain other gases in the earth's atmosphere traps some of that radiation. This is known as the greenhouse effect and is believed to contribute to a warming of the earth's climate. Concerns are growing that, in addition to carbon dioxide and other conventional greenhouse gases, certain air po...
Great Lakes: An Overall Strategy and Indicators for Measuring Progress Are Needed to Better Achieve Restoration Goals
GAO-03-515: Published: Apr 30, 2003. Publicly Released: May 21, 2003.
The five Great Lakes, which comprise the largest system of freshwater in the world, are threatened on many environmental fronts. To address the extent of progress made in restoring the Great Lakes Basin, which includes the lakes and surrounding area, GAO (1) identified the federal and state environmental programs operating in the basin and funding devoted to them, (2) evaluated the restoration str...
Posthearing Questions Related to Strategic Human Capital Management and Endangered Species
GAO-03-777R: Published: May 21, 2003. Publicly Released: May 21, 2003.
This letter contains GAO's response to questions for the record from the House Committee on Armed Services' May 1, 2003, hearing on "The Defense Transformation for the 21st Century Act." Congressmen Neil Abercrombie and Sylvestre Reyes submitted the questions.GAO outlined various examples illustrating how compliance with the Endangered Species Act and the Marine Mammal Protection Act have affected...
Environmental Protection: Federal Planning Requirements for Transportation and Air Quality Protection Could Potentially Be More Efficient and Better Linked
GAO-03-581: Published: Apr 28, 2003. Publicly Released: May 8, 2003.
To protect the public from harmful emissions, transportation planners in areas with poor air must show that their plans will not make it worse. Every time they update their transportation improvement program (TIP) and their 20-year plan--every 2 and 3 years respectively--federal laws and regulations require that they ensure the emissions from their plans will not exceed the mobile source emissions...
International Environment: U.S. Actions to Fulfill Committments Under Five Key Agreements
GAO-03-249: Published: Jan 29, 2003. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2003.
Environmental problems do not respect national boundaries. These problems include (1) climate change, (2) drought and the expansion of degraded land, (3) environmental cooperation among the countries of North America, (4) illegal trade in endangered species, and (5) substances that deplete the earth's protective ozone layer. To address such problems, the United States and other nations have entere...