Toxic substances (21 - 30 of 44 items)
Superfund: Barriers to Brownfield Redevelopment
RCED-96-125: Published: Jun 17, 1996. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed proposed legislation to redevelop abandoned, urban industrial sites, focusing on: (1) the number of potential sites nationwide; (2) impediments to redeveloping sites posed by the Superfund program; and (3) whether proposed loans to local governments are sufficient for conducting site assessments.GAO found that: (1) researchers estimate that about 1...
Approaches for Environmental Regulations
RCED-96-135R: Published: Apr 25, 1996. Publicly Released: May 6, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the cost of complying with federal environmental laws and regulations. GAO found that: (1) beginning in 1990, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was required to generate standards for predetermined water and air contaminants within a rigid schedule; (2) the predetermination of contaminants and rigid schedule limited EPA capacity to identify...
EPA's Efforts to Issue Air Toxic Standards
RCED-95-265R: Published: Sep 22, 1995. Publicly Released: Oct 25, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) progress in issuing maximum achievable control technology (MACT) standards required by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990. GAO noted that: (1) EPA has issued 26 of 45 MACT standards and plans to issue the other 19 MACT standards by its deadline; (2) EPA plans to meet the 1997 and 2000 dea...
Environmental Protection Issue Area Plan--Fiscal Years 1995-97
IAP-95-23: Published: Sep 1, 1995. Publicly Released: Sep 1, 1995.
GAO presented its Environmental Protection issue area plan for fiscal years 1995 through 1997.GAO plans to: (1) provide information to aid Congress in reauthorizing and allocating funds to Superfund; (2) identify ways to improve the design and management of waste programs; (3) aid Congress in its oversight of control measures adopted under the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990; (4) assess states' p...
Pollution Prevention: Status of DOD's Efforts
NSIAD-95-13: Published: Nov 9, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 12, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the status of the Department of Defense's (DOD) pollution prevention efforts, focusing on the: (1) extent to which DOD collects and reports information on its toxic chemical inventories and releases; (2) progress DOD has made in reducing the use of toxic chemicals; (3) problems that hinder DOD efforts to reduce the use of toxic chemi...
Toxic Substances Control Act: Legislative Changes Could Make the Act More Effective
RCED-94-103: Published: Sep 26, 1994. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) to: (1) assess the risks of toxic chemicals; (2) control those chemicals found to be harmful; and (3) make information on chemical risks publicly available.GAO found that: (1) although TSCA authority is an important regulatory tool, EPA has been discou...
Toxic Substances Control Act: EPA's Limited Progress in Regulating Toxic Chemicals
T-RCED-94-212: Published: May 17, 1994. Publicly Released: May 17, 1994.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA), focusing on EPA efforts to: (1) assess the risks of chemicals before and after they enter commerce; (2) control those chemicals found to be harmful; and (3) make information on chemicals publicly available. GAO noted that: (1) because of high legal standards, EPA has issued regulati...
Environmental Protection: Implications of Using Pollution Taxes to Supplement Regulation
RCED-93-13: Published: Feb 17, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the feasibility and implications of using economic incentives, including taxes on emissions of pollutants or harmful substances, to supplement federal efforts to control, reduce, and prevent pollution.GAO found that: (1) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state and local governments do not have sufficient resources to effectively regulat...
Hazardous Materials: Upgrading of Underground Storage Tanks Can Be Improved to Avoid Costly Cleanups
NSIAD-92-117: Published: May 13, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Defense (DOD) program for handling its underground storage tanks, focusing on: (1) the type and number of tanks owned by DOD; and (2) DOD efforts to comply with both federal and state requirements, identify and prevent leaks and spills, and correct environmental damage from leaking tanks.GAO found that: (1) in 1989, DOD owned 30,6...
Environmental Enforcement: Alternative Enforcement Organizations for EPA
RCED-92-107: Published: Apr 14, 1992. Publicly Released: May 22, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the advantages and disadvantages of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) current and alternative organizational structures for enforcement responsibilities.GAO found that: (1) while the current organizational structure promotes the integration of enforcement with other agency functions, it also requires enforcement to compete with other pro...