Regulatory agencies (21 - 30 of 54 items)
Environmental Liabilities: EPA Should Do More to Ensure That Liable Parties Meet Their Cleanup Obligations
GAO-05-658: Published: Aug 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2005.
The burden of cleaning up Superfund and other hazardous waste sites is increasingly shifting to taxpayers, particularly since businesses handling hazardous substances are no longer taxed under Superfund and the backlog of sites needing cleanup is growing. While key environmental laws rely on the "polluter pays" principle, the extent to which liable parties cease operations or restructure--such as...
Environmental Justice: EPA Should Devote More Attention to Environmental Justice When Developing Clean Air Rules
GAO-05-289: Published: Jul 25, 2005. Publicly Released: Aug 4, 2005.
Executive Order 12898 made achieving "environmental justice" part of the mission of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other federal agencies. According to EPA, environmental justice involves fair treatment of people of all races, cultures, and incomes. EPA developed guidance for considering environmental justice during the development of rules under the Clean Air Act and other activiti...
Environmental Contamination: DOD Has Taken Steps to Improve Cleanup Coordination at Former Defense Sites but Clearer Guidance Is Needed to Ensure Consistency
GAO-03-146: Published: Mar 28, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 28, 2003.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) is in charge of addressing cleanup at the more than 9,000 U.S. properties that were formerly owned or controlled by the Department of Defense (DOD) and have been identified as potentially eligible for environmental cleanup. The Corps has determined that more than 4,000 of these properties have no hazards that require further Corps study or cleanup action. H...
Air Pollution: Implementation of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990
T-RCED-00-183: Published: May 17, 2000. Publicly Released: May 17, 2000.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of the Clean Air Act Amendments and on sources regulated by multiple provisions of the act, focusing on: (1) the status of EPA's implementation of requirements established by the 1990 amendments; (2) the views from the stakeholders--state governments, local programs, industries that are regulated under the act, and environmen...
Environmental Protection: EPA's and States' Efforts to Focus State Enforcement Programs on Results
RCED-98-113: Published: May 27, 1998. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) alternative strategies states are practicing to improve compliance with environmental laws and regulations; (2) whether and how states are measuring the effectiveness of these strategies; and (3) how the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has responded to these states' efforts, focusing in particular on the agency's objective of holding the...
Environmental Cleanup: Supplemental Case Studies of High Priority DOD Installations
NSIAD-95-8: Published: Nov 18, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 20, 1994.
GAO provided cases studies on six Department of Defense (DOD) installations' environmental cleanup efforts in this supplement to an earlier report, GAO/NSIAD-94-133, and addressing the: (1) status of the restoration program; (2) cost of cleanup to date; (3) cleanup options considered; (4) option selected; (5) expected completion; and (6) applicable standards.GAO found that: (1) DOD's environmental...
[Comments on EPA Authority to Exempt Clean-Fuel Vehicles from Transportation Control Measures]
B-255548: Published: Oct 18, 1994. Publicly Released: Oct 18, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO commented on whether the Clean Air Act authorizes the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to: (1) exempt clean fuel fleet vehicles from state-imposed high-occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane restrictions; and (2) establish standards for Inherently Low Emission Vehicles (ILEV) for the purpose of giving ILEV relief from HOV restrictions.GAO found that EPA is: (1)...
Air Pollution: Impact of White House Entities on Two Clean Air Rules
RCED-93-24: Published: May 6, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) rulemaking pursuant to the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990, focusing on: (1) White House involvement in the rulemaking process; (2) changes that occurred after White House participation; and (3) EPA compliance with public docket requirements.GAO found that: (1) two EPA Clean Air Act rules significantly c...
Hazardous Waste: Impediments Delay Timely Closing and Cleanup of Facilities
RCED-92-84: Published: Apr 10, 1992. Publicly Released: May 28, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) inspection of closing land disposal facilities, focusing on the: (1) enforcement actions taken against facilities found in violation of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA); and (2) factors delaying the proper closing of those facilities.GAO found that: (1) over a 5-year period, states conduc...
Environmental Enforcement: Alternative Enforcement Organizations for EPA
RCED-92-107: Published: Apr 14, 1992. Publicly Released: May 22, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the advantages and disadvantages of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) current and alternative organizational structures for enforcement responsibilities.GAO found that: (1) while the current organizational structure promotes the integration of enforcement with other agency functions, it also requires enforcement to compete with other pro...