Hazardous substances (101 - 114 of 114 items)
Hazardous Waste: Issues Surrounding Insurance Availability
RCED-88-2: Published: Oct 16, 1987. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 1987.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the availability of insurance for individuals liable for the release of hazardous substances into the environment, particularly the: (1) judicial interpretation of pollution insurance policies; (2) frequency and severity of insurance claims; and (3) economic impact of pollution liability on the insurance market.GAO found that: (1)...
Superfund: Civilian Federal Agencies Slow To Clean Up Hazardous Waste
RCED-87-153: Published: Jul 24, 1987. Publicly Released: Aug 28, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the status of 11 civilian federal agencies' efforts to identify, assess, evaluate, and clean up hazardous waste sites.GAO found that: (1) about 70 percent of the 1,882 potential hazardous waste sites identified as of September 1986 were at the Department of Energy's nuclear materials and weapons facilities and research laboratories; (2) the Dep...
Hazardous Waste: DOD Installations in Guam Having Difficulty Complying With Regulations
NSIAD-87-87: Published: Apr 22, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the Department of Defense's (DOD) efforts to manage, store, and dispose of the hazardous waste generated at installations in Guam.GAO found that: (1) DOD installations in Guam were not in compliance with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act's requirements; (2) most of the violations were serious, and many were repetitive; (3) the most com...
Nuclear Waste: Unresolved Issues Concerning Hanford's Waste Management Practices
RCED-87-30: Published: Nov 4, 1986. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 1986.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) management and disposal of defense nuclear waste at its Hanford, Washington, facility to determine how Hanford complies with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA).RCRA regulates hazardous waste from...
Nuclear Energy: Environmental Issues at DOE's Nuclear Defense Facilities
RCED-86-192: Published: Sep 8, 1986. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO: (1) identified key environmental issues at nine Department of Energy (DOE) nuclear defense facilities; and (2) evaluated the status of DOE efforts to strengthen its environmental, safety, and health oversight programs.GAO found that: (1) eight facilities have groundwater contaminated with radioactive or hazardous substances at levels higher than the propos...
Hazardous Waste Management at Tinker Air Force Base--Problems Noted, Improvements Needed
NSIAD-85-91: Published: Jul 19, 1985. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed hazardous waste management practices at Tinker Air Force Base (AFB), Oklahoma.GAO found that: (1) the base has been selling, transferring, or disposing of hazardous wastes rather than recycling them, as required by Department of Defense (DOD) waste management policies; (2) an industrial waste treatment plant at the base was not being used to full c...
Clearer EPA Superfund Program Policies Should Improve Cleanup Efforts
RCED-85-54: Published: Feb 6, 1985. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the types of removal actions taken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at hazardous waste sites under its Superfund program and whether existing legislation allows for more comprehensive cleanup of contamination by the removal program.GAO found that: (1) from December 1980 to February 1984, EPA finished immediate removal actions at 165...
EPA Could Benefit From Comprehensive Management Information on Superfund Enforcement Actions
RCED-85-3: Published: Dec 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Dec 28, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent of management information available to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in carrying out its enforcement responsibilities under the Superfund program.GAO found that, while EPA headquarters and regional offices have individual management information systems for tracking Superfund enforcement actions, there is no such system that c...
HHS' Implementation of Superfund Health-Related Responsibilities
HRD-84-62: Published: Sep 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined the extent to which the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has been carrying out its responsibilities under the Superfund program. HHS responsibilities under Superfund include: (1) information collection, analysis, and management; (2) provision of medical services, including care, testing, and research; and (3) development of standards...
Natural Resource Damage Claims and Assessment Regulations Under Superfund
RCED-84-196: Published: Sep 4, 1984. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implementation of the natural resource damage claims provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, commonly known as Superfund.Under the act, federal and state trustees of natural resources may submit claims against Superfund for reimbursement for injury to or destruction or loss of natural resources c...
State Experiences With Taxes on Generators or Disposers of Hazardous Waste
RCED-84-146: Published: May 4, 1984. Publicly Released: May 11, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO obtained information on taxation of generators and disposers of hazardous wastes. Taxes of this type are known as waste-end taxes. GAO examined the operation of waste-end taxes in three states in an attempt to determine: (1) whether states have achieved their objectives in establishing waste-end taxes; (2) states' concerns about a proposed federal waste-end...
Evaluation of the Environmental Protection Agency's Inspector General Audit of Superfund Expenditures and Implementation of the Inspector General's Recommendations
RCED-84-31: Published: Oct 19, 1983. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed an audit, conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Inspector General, of fiscal year (FY) 1982 expenditures from the Hazardous Substances Response Trust Fund (Superfund) to determine the reasonableness of the objectives, scope, and methodology used by the Inspector General in performing the audit and to determine what corrective...
Stronger Enforcement Needed Against Misuse of Pesticides
CED-82-5: Published: Oct 15, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 1981.
GAO reviewed Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state pesticide programs to enforce pesticide laws and suggested ways to improve program activities. GAO also reviewed special pesticide registrations to determine if some of the problems identified in an earlier GAO report had been corrected.Although improvements have been made in recent years, GAO found that the public may not always be prot...
Environmental Protection Issues Facing the Nation
CED-79-63: Published: Mar 15, 1979. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 1979.
Pollution has been a national environmental concern for many years, with federal policy gradually evolving and culminating in comprehensive congressional legislation in the 1970's. The strategy to control air, water, and noise pollution has centered on national uniform technology-based standards, a policy which is meeting resistance from industry, the states, and municipalities because it is not c...