Hazardous substances (51 - 60 of 114 items)
Superfund: Status, Cost, and Timeliness of Hazardous Waste Site Cleanups
RCED-94-256: Published: Sep 21, 1994. Publicly Released: Oct 24, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund Program, focusing on: (1) EPA use of Superfund program funds between 1987 and 1993; (2) the status of cleanup work at each Superfund site; (3) the cleanup work financed by EPA and the responsible parties; and (4) the extent to which judicial review limits have eliminated EPA clean...
Hazardous Waste: Issues Pertaining to an Incinerator in East Liverpool, Ohio
RCED-94-101: Published: Sep 9, 1994. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) issues concerning the operational control and ownership of a hazardous waste incinerator in East Liverpool, Ohio; (2) whether the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Ohio have complied with regulations for approving and modifying incinerator permits; and (3) EPA ability to ensure that human health and the environment are protected during...
Superfund: Reauthorization and Prioritization Issues
T-RCED-94-274: Published: Jul 20, 1994. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 1994.
GAO discussed the Superfund reauthorization bill and its report on the role of risk in setting priorities for the Superfund program. GAO noted that: (1) the reauthorization bill would improve Superfund site cleanup, increase public involvement in the Superfund process, and expedite settlements with responsible parties with relatively low liability; (2) Congress and the Environmental Protection Age...
Environmental Cleanup: Inconsistent Sharing Arrangements May Increase Defense Costs
NSIAD-94-231: Published: Jul 7, 1994. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed Department of Defense (DOD) efforts to clean up environmental damage on DOD-owned property, focusing on: (1) cleanup costs at contaminated facilities; and (2) the DOD approach for sharing cleanup costs between the government and other parties.GAO found that: (1) environmental cleanup at DOD government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO) plants and th...
Relative Risk in Superfund
RCED-94-233R: Published: Jun 17, 1994. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Superfund Program, focusing on whether the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prioritizes hazardous waste sites by their health risks. GAO noted that: (1) EPA headquarters leaves prioritizing to its regions which have not implemented the worst-sites-first policy; (2) EPA regions base their decisions for including sites on the National Priori...
International Environment: Improved Procedures Needed for Environmental Assessments of U.S. Actions Abroad
RCED-94-55: Published: Feb 11, 1994. Publicly Released: Mar 14, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed federal agencies' use of environmental impact assessments to assess the environmental consequences of their overseas activities, focusing on: (1) the requirements for environmental impact assessments under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and Executive Order 12114; (2) federal agencies' implementation of Executive Order 12114; and (3) t...
Superfund: EPA Could Do More to Reduce Responsible Parties' Legal Expenses
T-RCED-93-73: Published: Sep 28, 1993. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 1993.
GAO discussed possible ways to reduce the costs of resolving liability for hazardous waste cleanup in the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund program, focusing on EPA use of: (1) de minimis settlements for parties that contribute comparatively small amounts of low-toxicity waste; (2) nonbinding allocations of responsibility (NBAR) for clean-up costs; (3) mixed-funding agreements betw...
Hazardous Waste: Much Work Remains to Accelerate Facility Cleanups
RCED-93-15: Published: Jan 19, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) administration of its hazardous waste facility corrective action program, focusing on the: (1) status of the corrective action program; (2) availability of funds for the corrective action program; and (3) effectiveness of data used to determine oversight costs.GAO found that: (1) of the 3,400 facilities s...
Water Resources: Future Needs for Confining Contaminated Sediment in the Great Lakes Region
RCED-92-89: Published: Jul 17, 1992. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed: (1) the status of the confined disposal facilities (CDF) currently being used in the Great Lakes to store contaminated dredged sediments; (2) the long-term need for CDF in the region; and (3) difficulties in locating sites for future CDF.GAO found that: (1) most federally funded CDF will be filled to capacity by 2006, and funding for new, replacem...
Hazardous Materials: Upgrading of Underground Storage Tanks Can Be Improved to Avoid Costly Cleanups
NSIAD-92-117: Published: May 13, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Defense (DOD) program for handling its underground storage tanks, focusing on: (1) the type and number of tanks owned by DOD; and (2) DOD efforts to comply with both federal and state requirements, identify and prevent leaks and spills, and correct environmental damage from leaking tanks.GAO found that: (1) in 1989, DOD owned 30,6...