Environmental law (301 - 332 of 332 items)
The Nuclear Waste Policy Act: 1984 Implementation Status, Progress, and Problems
RCED-85-100: Published: Sep 30, 1985. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1985.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) progress in implementing the act, focusing on: (1) the DOE approach to selecting a waste disposal site; (2) DOE negotiations with states and Indian tribes for consultation and cooperation agreements; and (3) DOE planning for monitored retrievable spent fuel storage (MRS).GAO found th...
Hazardous Waste Management at Tinker Air Force Base--Problems Noted, Improvements Needed
NSIAD-85-91: Published: Jul 19, 1985. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 1985.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed hazardous waste management practices at Tinker Air Force Base (AFB), Oklahoma.GAO found that: (1) the base has been selling, transferring, or disposing of hazardous wastes rather than recycling them, as required by Department of Defense (DOD) waste management policies; (2) an industrial waste treatment plant at the base was not being used to full c...
A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: Environmental Protection
RCED-85-154: Published: Aug 1, 1985. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 1985.
This bibliography includes information on documents directly or indirectly related to environmental protection that have been released by GAO between January 1981 and December 1984. The documents included are representative of the broad interrelationship which exists between the environmental area and other areas of interest addressed by GAO such as health, energy, transportation, agriculture, and...
Agency Compliance With Reporting Requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
B-170186: Published: Sep 22, 1970. Publicly Released: May 6, 1985.
No summary is currently available...
Clearer EPA Superfund Program Policies Should Improve Cleanup Efforts
RCED-85-54: Published: Feb 6, 1985. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 1985.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the types of removal actions taken by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at hazardous waste sites under its Superfund program and whether existing legislation allows for more comprehensive cleanup of contamination by the removal program.GAO found that: (1) from December 1980 to February 1984, EPA finished immediate removal actions at 165...
EPA Could Benefit From Comprehensive Management Information on Superfund Enforcement Actions
RCED-85-3: Published: Dec 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Dec 28, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent of management information available to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in carrying out its enforcement responsibilities under the Superfund program.GAO found that, while EPA headquarters and regional offices have individual management information systems for tracking Superfund enforcement actions, there is no such system that c...
HHS' Implementation of Superfund Health-Related Responsibilities
HRD-84-62: Published: Sep 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO determined the extent to which the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has been carrying out its responsibilities under the Superfund program. HHS responsibilities under Superfund include: (1) information collection, analysis, and management; (2) provision of medical services, including care, testing, and research; and (3) development of standards...
EPA Needs To Improve Its Oversight of Air Pollution Control Grant Expenditures
RCED-84-163: Published: Sep 28, 1984. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) air pollution control grant program authorized by the Clean Air Act.Section 105 of the act authorizes EPA to award grants to state and local agencies to develop plans and implement programs to prevent and control air pollution or to address national air quality standards. GAO examined the EPA procedures a...
Natural Resource Damage Claims and Assessment Regulations Under Superfund
RCED-84-196: Published: Sep 4, 1984. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implementation of the natural resource damage claims provisions of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act, commonly known as Superfund.Under the act, federal and state trustees of natural resources may submit claims against Superfund for reimbursement for injury to or destruction or loss of natural resources c...
The Steel Industry Compliance Extension Act Brought About Some Modernization and Unexpected Benefits
RCED-84-103: Published: Sep 5, 1984. Publicly Released: Sep 5, 1984.
GAO assessed the impact of the Steel Industry Compliance Extension Act, which allowed the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to defer, for approved steel companies, the date for meeting air pollution requirements. To approve a company under the act, EPA had to: (1) determine that the deferral of air pollution control spending was necessary to improve the efficiency of company facilities; (2) fi...
Assessment of the Adequacy of the EPA Indemnification Study Required by Section 25(a) of the Toxic Substances Control Act
RCED-84-170: Published: Aug 3, 1984. Publicly Released: Aug 3, 1984.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reported on the adequacy of a study by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) of whether and under what conditions indemnification should be accorded any person as a result of EPA actions under federal law.GAO found that, because of delays and difficulties in conducting the study, EPA did not submit it to Congress until 5 years after it was due. GAO al...
[Questions Concerning Proposed Legislation To Amend Clean Air Act]
B-214688: Published: Apr 6, 1984. Publicly Released: May 14, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed three bills that would amend the Clean Air Act to control certain pollutants, focusing on whether: (1) the interest costs incurred by utilities in complying with the proposed requirements could be paid from funds made available by the bills; and (2) the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) would be making commitments in violation of the Antidefic...
State Experiences With Taxes on Generators or Disposers of Hazardous Waste
RCED-84-146: Published: May 4, 1984. Publicly Released: May 11, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO obtained information on taxation of generators and disposers of hazardous wastes. Taxes of this type are known as waste-end taxes. GAO examined the operation of waste-end taxes in three states in an attempt to determine: (1) whether states have achieved their objectives in establishing waste-end taxes; (2) states' concerns about a proposed federal waste-end...
Federal and State Efforts To Conserve and Protect the Southern Sea Otter Population
RCED-84-139: Published: Apr 17, 1984. Publicly Released: Apr 17, 1984.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the status of Federal and State efforts to conserve and protect the southern sea otter population, which is located off the California coast.Problems associated with Federal and State management of the sea otter include: (1) conflicts between sea otter interest groups, shellfish interest groups, the oil and gas industry, and commercial and recreati...
Issues Relative to Renewable Natural Resources
107671: Oct 20, 1978
No summary is currently available...
Evaluation of the Environmental Protection Agency's Inspector General Audit of Superfund Expenditures and Implementation of the Inspector General's Recommendations
RCED-84-31: Published: Oct 19, 1983. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 1983.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed an audit, conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Inspector General, of fiscal year (FY) 1982 expenditures from the Hazardous Substances Response Trust Fund (Superfund) to determine the reasonableness of the objectives, scope, and methodology used by the Inspector General in performing the audit and to determine what corrective...
Questions Concerning the Environmental Protection Agency's Construction Grants Program
CED-8-488: Published: Aug 24, 1978. Publicly Released: Oct 4, 1983.
No summary is currently available...
Development of a Federal Air Pollution Episode Program for Los Angelos Area of California
B-166506: Published: Mar 29, 1974. Publicly Released: Nov 8, 1982.
No summary is currently available...
Cleaning Up the Environment: Progress Achieved but Major Unresolved Issues Remain
CED-82-72: Published: Jul 21, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 1982.
With respect to efforts to clean up the nation's air, water, and land, GAO conducted a review to determine: (1) the progress made toward meeting key environmental goals; (2) how specific cities have coped with these mandates; and (3) what unresolved issues face the nation in the future.Overall, there has been progress toward meeting established environmental goals. The air is significantly cleaner...
Stronger Enforcement Needed Against Misuse of Pesticides
CED-82-5: Published: Oct 15, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 1981.
GAO reviewed Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and state pesticide programs to enforce pesticide laws and suggested ways to improve program activities. GAO also reviewed special pesticide registrations to determine if some of the problems identified in an earlier GAO report had been corrected.Although improvements have been made in recent years, GAO found that the public may not always be prot...
The Interstate Transport of Sulfur Dioxide and Total Suspended Particulates
091108: Jun 30, 1981
No summary is currently available...
Managerial Changes Needed To Speed Up Processing Permits for Dredging Projects
CED-80-71: Published: Jun 9, 1980. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1980.
Increased public interest in protecting the Nation's waters over the past 10 years has resulted in additional federal regulations to protect the environment, wildlife, and other valuable resources as well as to provide for navigational needs. Balancing these competing objectives has complicated the process for issuing dredging permits, involving several federal agencies and increasing the time req...
The Energy Department's Office of Environment Does Not Have a Large Role in Decision-Making
EMD-80-50: Published: Jan 29, 1980. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 1980.
The Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Environment (OE) has had problems influencing DOE decisions to select and develop energy technologies.OE does not have a large role in decisions to select and develop energy programs and projects. However, OE has developed several processes which have made program officials more aware of the need to comply with environmental regulations as well as the nee...
Phosphates: A Case Study of a Valuable, Depleting Mineral in America
EMD-80-21: Published: Nov 30, 1979. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 1979.
Phosphate is a primary plant nutrient which is absolutely vital to sustaining the Nation's agricultural output, and phosphate rock is the only practical source of phosphorous on a commercial scale. In order to assess the outlook for phosphate, GAO reviewed phosphate-mining techniques, the effects of environmental regulation on the industry, and methods being used to estimate the quantity of domest...
Improving the Scientific and Technical Information Available to the Environmental Protection Agency in Its Decisionmaking Process
CED-79-115: Published: Sep 21, 1979. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 1979.
The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) statutes proclaim national goals of rapid improvement and protection of the environment and the public against health hazards. Trying to meet these demands places EPA between two groups with divergent views and competing interests. Environmental groups urge EPA to promulgate and enforce strict controls, while industry stresses the economic consequences a...
Environmental Protection Issues Facing the Nation
CED-79-63: Published: Mar 15, 1979. Publicly Released: Mar 15, 1979.
Pollution has been a national environmental concern for many years, with federal policy gradually evolving and culminating in comprehensive congressional legislation in the 1970's. The strategy to control air, water, and noise pollution has centered on national uniform technology-based standards, a policy which is meeting resistance from industry, the states, and municipalities because it is not c...
Water Quality Management Planning Is Not Comprehensive and May Not Be Effective for Many Years
CED-78-167: Published: Dec 11, 1978. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 1978.
Section 208 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972 authorized a planning program, referred to as 208 planning, to be undertaken in areas with substantial water quality control problems. The program evolved from an optional one for urban regions to a mandatory one carried on by local, state, and interstate planning agencies. Statutory requirements for planning include identif...
Review of the President's June 6, 1978, Water Policy Message
CED-79-2: Published: Nov 6, 1978. Publicly Released: Nov 6, 1978.
The President's June 6, 1978, water policy message contained the following objectives: improved planning and efficient management of federal water programs to permit the construction of water projects that are cost effective, safe, and environmentally sound; a new national emphasis on water conservation; enhanced federal and state cooperation; and increased attention to environmental quality. He a...
An Executive Summary: 16 Air and Water Pollution Issues Facing the Nation
CED-78-148A: Published: Oct 11, 1978. Publicly Released: Oct 11, 1978.
The Clean Air Act Amendments of 1970 and 1977 and the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972 and 1977 were enacted to deal with air and water pollution nationwide. Air quality legislation is intended to protect the public health and welfare from air pollution, and water quality legislation is meant to eliminate the discharge of pollutants and to have swimmable and fishable waters....
Environmental Effects of Airport Development: Better Assessment Needed
CED-78-156: Published: Aug 22, 1978. Publicly Released: Aug 22, 1978.
Airports are having difficulty gaining acceptance by neighboring communities because of environmental impacts such as noise, air quality, displacement of people and businesses, and disruption of communities. The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 requires federal agencies to prepare environmental impact statements on proposals for major federal actions which affect the environment.The Feder...
Adequacy of Controls for the Reclamation of Lands Mined for Noncoal Minerals
CED-77-72: Published: May 17, 1977. Publicly Released: May 17, 1977.
A need exists for more complete information on the mining of noncoal minerals in order to formulate Federal regulations governing such mining. A survey was conducted to observe the effects of mining operations for uranium, copper, phosphate, limestone, molybdenum, and iron at a number of active and abandoned surface and underground mining sites in Colorado, Florida, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Wyomin...