Waste disposal (21 - 30 of 44 items)
Nuclear Waste: Issues Affecting Land Withdrawal of DOE's Waste Isolation Pilot Project
T-RCED-91-38: Published: Apr 16, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 1991.
GAO discussed the Department of Energy's (DOE) Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). GAO noted that: (1) by fiscal year (FY) 1997, DOE plans to determine whether WIPP meets the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) standards for disposal of transuranic waste in repositories and plans to obtain a variance or exception from the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA); (2) DOE postponed plans t...
Hazardous Waste: Funding of Postclosure Liabilities Remains Uncertain
RCED-90-64: Published: Jun 1, 1990. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 1990.
In response to a congressional request, GAO studied options for managing liabilities associated with hazardous waste disposal facilities after closure.GAO found that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): (1) requires facilities obtaining operating permits to design and construct disposal units with waste migration prevention measures; (2) officials have identified activities, such as extended...
Superfund: A More Vigorous and Better Managed Enforcement Program Is Needed
RCED-90-22: Published: Dec 14, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) enforcement of the Superfund program, focusing on: (1) its process for identifying liable and financially viable parties to hold responsible for cleaning up Superfund sites; (2) enforcement tools, including negotiations, unilateral administrative orders, and mixed funding and de minimis settlements; and (...
Nuclear Waste: Storage Issues at DOE's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in New Mexico
RCED-90-1: Published: Dec 8, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) 5-year program for demonstrating its Waste Isolation Pilot Plant's (WIPP) capacity for safe disposal of transuranic (TRU) wastes produced by DOE atomic energy defense activities.GAO found that: (1) DOE established the 5-year test program to help determine WIPP compliance with 1985 Environmental Protection Agency (EP...
The Coast Guard's Cleanup of Hazardous Waste Sites
T-RCED-90-6: Published: Nov 1, 1989. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 1989.
GAO discussed the U.S. Coast Guard's actions to carry out its responsibilities under environmental laws, focusing on its efforts to identify and clean up its hazardous waste locations. GAO noted that: (1) the Coast Guard believes that it has identified all of its hazardous waste locations and has cleaned up 12 of the 26 locations it identified, but 3 remaining major cleanup efforts will take up to...
Nuclear Waste: DOE's Management of Single-Shell Tanks at Hanford, Washington
RCED-89-157: Published: Jul 18, 1989. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Energy's (DOE) management of its Hanford, Washington, site's underground single-shell waste storage tanks containing radioactive and nonradioactive hazardous liquid and solid wastes from nuclear materials production.GAO found that DOE: (1) through 1988, identified definite or possible leaks in 66 of 149 single-shell tanks, with an...
Environmental Problems at the Department of Energy's Nuclear Weapons Complex
T-RCED-89-12: Published: Feb 24, 1989. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 1989.
GAO discussed the environmental issues facing the Department of Energy (DOE) in cleaning up its nuclear weapons complex. GAO found that: (1) DOE needed to clean up existing contamination in soil and groundwater and bring its facilities' operations into full compliance with environmental laws; (2) the estimated costs for cleaning up existing contamination would total between $35 billion and $65 bil...
Environmental Protection: Bibliography of GAO Documents, January 1985 - August 1988
RCED-89-23: Published: Jan 1, 1989. Publicly Released: Jan 1, 1989.
This bibliography includes information on documents directly or indirectly related to environmental protection that GAO released between January 1985 and August 1988. The documents included represent the broad relationship which exists between the environmental area and other areas of interest addressed by GAO such as health, energy, transportation, agriculture, and natural resources...
Superfund De Minimis Settlements
T-RCED-88-46: Published: Jun 20, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 20, 1988.
GAO discussed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) implementation of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 focusing on EPA de minimis settlement activities at two Superfund sites. GAO noted that the de minimis settlements involve parties that have caused a relatively small share of the pollution at the nation's worst hazardous waste sites. GAO found that EPA: (1) reached...
Toxic Substances: PCB Enforcement in Kansas City Region Substantiates Need for Further Program Improvements
RCED-88-72: Published: Feb 26, 1988. Publicly Released: May 3, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO: (1) reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Kansas City regional office's oversight of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) storage and disposal companies; and (2) identified improvements needed in the EPA nationwide PCB enforcement program.GAO found that: (1) EPA has not directed its regional offices to assign special priority to the inspection...