Environmental monitoring (81 - 89 of 89 items)
Surface Mining: Interior Department and States Could Improve Inspection Programs
RCED-87-40: Published: Dec 29, 1986. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO provided information on federally approved mine inspection and enforcement programs in four states to determine whether: (1) the states were citing all violations observed during mine inspections; and (2) if the Department of the Interior's Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement's (OSMRE) sampling process to select mines for review is appro...
Air Pollution: EPA's Strategy To Control Emissions of Benzene and Gasoline Vapor
RCED-86-6: Published: Dec 18, 1985. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) decision to regulate benzene emissions through controls on automobile refuelling.GAO noted that: (1) EPA based its decision to control benzene emissions on risk assessments that evaluated the relationship between benzene exposure and the potential occurrence of leukemia; (2) the health, emission, populati...
Taxing Hazardous Waste: Economics, Design, and Implementation
126471: Jan 1, 1985
This article, which appeared in the GAO Review, Vol. 20, Issue 1, Winter 1985, describes the financial management of the Superfund program to clean up hazardous waste sites. The taxing authority of the fund will end on September 30, 1985, and Congress is considering reauthorization of the program and is discussing the implementation of a waste-end tax to create an economic incentive to reduce the...
Need To Improve Fishery Management Plan Process
RCED-83-72: Published: Jan 7, 1983. Publicly Released: Jan 7, 1983.
GAO reviewed the fishery management planning process authorized under the Fishery Conservation and Management Act, which extended U.S. fisheries' jurisdiction and established eight regional fishery management councils which develop plans that provide the basis for and describe the conservation, management, and regulatory measures which govern and control specific fisheries. The National Marine Fis...
Federal Water Resources Agencies Should Assess Less Costly Ways To Comply With Regulations
CED-81-36: Published: Feb 17, 1981. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 1981.
The rapid growth of government regulations, coupled with recent economic difficulties facing the nation, has heightened public concern over regulatory costs and burdens. The President has ordered agencies which write regulations to evaluate their economic impact.Many social and environmental regulations have a major impact on the costs, competition, and the administration of federal water resource...
Promising Changes Improve EPA's Extramural Research; More Changes Needed
CED-81-6: Published: Oct 28, 1980. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1980.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has made a number of changes to the planning and management of its research activities. If properly implemented, they should improve the EPA research program. GAO discussed some problems which require further attention, and factors and weaknesses which, unless corrected, could continue to seriously hamper the EPA ability to meet its research needs.GAO foun...
Need for Comprehensive Pesticide Use Data
CED-80-145: Published: Sep 30, 1980. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1980.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) needs to have accurate and comprehensive information on pesticide usage to assess a pesticide's potential risks and benefits to humans and the environment and to improve the overall management of its pesticide programs. GAO examined sources of pesticide usage information were examined at EPA, other Federal and State agencies, and private organizations.EPA...
Need for a Formal Risk/Benefit Review of the Pesticide Chlordane
CED-80-116: Published: Aug 5, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 1980.
A review of the adequacy of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) regulation of pesticides used in and around the home revealed that chlordane, used for termite control, may pose unreasonable risks to man and the environment. In 1974, after studies showed that chlordane caused cancer in mice, EPA issued a notice of intent to cancel all registered uses of chlordane, except for subsurface grou...
Status of Efforts To Phase Out Ocean Dumping of Municipal Sewage Sludge
109826: Jun 27, 1979
A review of the status of efforts to phase out the ocean dumping of municipal sewage sludge by December 31, 1981, as mandated by legislation was presented. Although substantial funding has been invested in the planning and implementation of alternatives to ocean dumping of municipal sludge since 1973, no net reduction in volume has been achieved to date. Further, the volume of sludge to be ocean d...