Economic development (251 - 300 of 356 items)
Federal Policies and Procedures for Land Acquisition at Water Resources Projects
089498: Dec 4, 1972
No summary is currently available...
Review of Domestic Water Supply Systems at Recreation Sites
089495: Dec 5, 1972
No summary is currently available...
Issues Concerning the National Materials Policy, Research and Development Act of 1980, Public Law 96-479
121374: May 17, 1983
Testimony was given on issues concerning the National Materials and Minerals Policy, Research and Development Act. The act required the President to submit by October 1981 a program plan to include programmatic and budgetary proposals and organizational structures to provide for materials and minerals policy analysis and decisionmaking and interagency coordination at the Cabinet level. GAO found t...
Opportunity To Improve the Corps of Engineers' Small Projects Programs
121109: Jan 12, 1983
GAO reviewed the Corps of Engineers' Small Projects Programs to determine how frequently such projects lead to solutions of water problems.GAO found that relatively few projects undertaken by the Corps since 1964 through these programs have resulted in projects to solve water problems because local communities did not support the solution. The Corps is spending time and money under the six Small P...
Need To Improve Fishery Management Plan Process
RCED-83-72: Published: Jan 7, 1983. Publicly Released: Jan 7, 1983.
GAO reviewed the fishery management planning process authorized under the Fishery Conservation and Management Act, which extended U.S. fisheries' jurisdiction and established eight regional fishery management councils which develop plans that provide the basis for and describe the conservation, management, and regulatory measures which govern and control specific fisheries. The National Marine Fis...
Sharing the Cost of Making Federal Water Project Feasibility Studies
RCED-83-18: Published: Dec 6, 1982. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 1982.
GAO discussed feasibility studies undertaken by the Federal government to resolve water resources problems and the factors affecting the study outcome. The purpose of the review was to determine how frequently studies did not identify acceptable solutions and why.GAO estimated that, during the past 17 years, Federal agencies have spent about $100 million on water project feasibility studies. In it...
HUD and EDA Public Facility Loans to the Rend Lake Conservancy District
CED-78-89: Published: Apr 6, 1978. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 1982.
The loan management procedures used by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Economic Development Administration (EDA) to monitor the repayment of loans provided to the Rend Lake Conservancy District of Illinois for construction of a water system and treatment facility were reviewed. The project was financed by two series of revenue bonds, and subsequent overruns in constru...
Environmental Protection Agency's Administration of a Contract With the Lear Motors Corporation
RED-76-51: Published: Dec 5, 1975. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 1982.
No summary is currently available...
Water Sales Contracts From Missouri River Reservoirs Need To Require Reimbursement for Operation and Maintenance Expenses
CED-82-123: Published: Sep 7, 1982. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 1982.
During an ongoing review of water resources project operation and maintenance (OM) cost recovery systems established by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation, GAO identified a problem concerning the nonrecovery of OM costs.Although Bureau water marketing policy requires reimbursement of an appropriate share of municipal and industrial (MI) cost...
Problems With the Forest Service's Graduated Rate Fee System
119306: Aug 18, 1982
GAO completed a limited review of the graduated rate fee system (GRFS) used by the Forest Service to compute the fees charged to permittees for using Service-owned land. The Service estimated that approximately 80 percent of the total fees for fiscal year 1981 were paid by ski area permittees. GAO focused primarily on how these fees were established under the GRFS.Because the GRFS uses current inf...
Need To Strengthen Coordination of Ocean Pollution Research
CED-82-108: Published: Jul 14, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 1982.
GAO conducted a review to determine whether the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) implementation of the National Ocean Pollution Planning Act had improved the coordination of federal ocean pollution research development and monitoring.NOAA has made considerable progress toward implementing the act. It has: (1) issued a plan and one revision containing extensive catalogs of f...
119638: Jun 30, 1982
A list is presented of GAO reports to Congress and Federal agencies issued from January through June 1982, congressional testimonies by GAO officials, speeches by the Comptroller General, legal decisions, and publications on accounting and auditing procedures, accounting and financial auditing, intergovernmental auditing standards, and automatic data processing...
The Environmental Protection Agency Should Collect Overdue Industrial Cost Recovery Payments
CED-82-92: Published: Jun 3, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 3, 1982.
GAO reviewed the Industrial Cost Recovery (ICR) Program to determine the extent of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) control over collections of ICR payments which municipalities had collected from industrial users. The specific objectives of the review were to: (1) identify the grantees that might have collected ICR payments, (2) determine the amounts due the federal government from the...
Environmental Protection Agency's Progress in Implementing the Superfund Program
CED-82-91: Published: Jun 2, 1982. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 1982.
GAO was requested to review the Superfund program to identify issues or problems concerning: (1) the selection of candidate sites for Superfund attention; (2) the extent and cost effectiveness of removal, remedy, and other measures at candidate sites; and (3) the ability of state governments to carry out their Superfund responsibilities.The Superfund legislation provides for a $1.6 billion fund to...
Water Diverted From Lake Tahoe Has Been Within Authorized Levels
CED-82-85: Published: May 19, 1982. Publicly Released: May 19, 1982.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the management of water releases from the Lake Tahoe Dam to determine how release rates are established and to determine if such releases have met or exceeded the established rates during the last 10 years.Essentially, releases from the Lake Tahoe Dam are regulated by court decree and monitored by a court-appointed water master. According to the wa...
Assessment of Certain Planning Activities of the Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Regional Council of Governments
GGD-82-25: Published: Jan 25, 1982. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 1982.
A congressional request was made for an evaluation of four Ohio-Kentucky-Indiana Regional Council of Governments (OKI) studies dealing with housing, economic development, environmental air quality, and transportation. GAO responded to a concern about the usefulness of the studies and whether the benefits and results were worth the federal funds used to finance the studies.Most persons GAO intervi...
National Park Service Should Negotiate With States To Achieve Concurrent Jurisdiction
117499: Feb 5, 1982
The General Authorities Act authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to negotiate with States for concurrent jurisdiction in the National Park System. Interior, while commenting on proposed amendments to the General Authorities Act in April 1976, stated that it would be beneficial to relinquish to the States the Federal legislative jurisdiction relative to some areas of the National Park System. I...
EPA Slow in Controlling PCB's
CED-82-21: Published: Dec 30, 1981. Publicly Released: Dec 30, 1981.
Various studies have associated the widely used polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB's) with a number of health problems. Industry has purchased over 1 billion pounds of PCB's for use in electric transformers and capacitors. Since PCB's have a potential for environmental harm, Congress passed a special provision under the Toxic Substances Control Act to control PCB's. With certain exceptions, the act pr...
Corps of Engineers' Acquisition of Fish Hatchery Proves Costly
CED-81-109: Published: Sep 18, 1981. Publicly Released: Oct 1, 1981.
GAO reviewed the Corps of Engineers' purchase of the Crystal Springs Ranch fish hatchery in connection with the loss of steelhead trout due to dam construction on the lower Snake River. GAO reviewed the appraised value of the hatchery and whether the Corps should have considered contracting with private hatcheries to raise some of the fish.GAO believes that the method used by the Corps to determin...
Research Aimed at Solving Water Supply and Quality Problems
116189: Aug 24, 1981
The United States has an abundant water supply, but its geographical distribution and availability often do not match demand. GAO believes that an overall comparative assessment of conservation and augmentation technologies is needed to determine which have the most potential for solving water supply and quality problems at the lowest cost and with the least risk. There does not appear to be a cor...
River Basin Commissions Have Been Helpful, but Changes Are Needed
CED-81-69: Published: May 28, 1981. Publicly Released: May 28, 1981.
River basin planning should match the needs of water users with the amount of water available irrespective of State boundaries or Federal agency responsibilities. A review was made to determine how successful river basin commissions have been in meeting their legislative objectives of planning and coordinating water resource development.The river basin commissions, as they are now operating, do no...
Cost Estimate for the Currituck Outer Banks National Wildlife Refuge Needs Revision
CED-81-48: Published: Apr 21, 1981. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 1981.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has proposed establishing a national wildlife refuge in the Currituck Outer Banks off the North Carolina coast. The Service has estimated that the cost of acquiring the 16,000 acres of land and wetlands for the refuge will be about $94 million over a 5-year acquisition period. GAO was asked to determine whether the Service followed its regulations and policies in...
The Draft Environmental Impact Statement for the MX Missile System
114587: Mar 12, 1981
The Air Force prepared a draft environmental impact statement (EIS) for the MX Missile System to aid in making the major decisions related to selecting the MX deployment area or areas and the approximate locations of the operating bases. GAO offered its observations concerning the draft EIS in the context that a draft EIS is issued to gain information to be considered in preparing the final EIS. S...
Lands in the Lake Chelan National Recreation Area Should Be Returned to Private Ownership
CED-81-10: Published: Jan 22, 1981. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 1981.
GAO was requested to examine the land acquisition and management practices of the National Park Service (NPS) at Lake Chelan National Recreation Area. Through the law which established this area, it was congressional intent that land acquisition costs be minimal, that a private community in the recreation area continue to exist, that commercial development not be eliminated, and that additional co...
Federal Water Resources Agencies Should Assess Less Costly Ways To Comply With Regulations
CED-81-36: Published: Feb 17, 1981. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 1981.
The rapid growth of government regulations, coupled with recent economic difficulties facing the nation, has heightened public concern over regulatory costs and burdens. The President has ordered agencies which write regulations to evaluate their economic impact.Many social and environmental regulations have a major impact on the costs, competition, and the administration of federal water resource...
Proposed Forest Service Land Exchange Involving the Chattahoochee National Forest in Georgia
114025: Dec 17, 1980
GAO was asked to review a proposed Forest Service land exchange involving the Chattahoochee National Forest. The proposal called for the owners of private property in Chattooga, Walker, and Whitfield Counties to swap their land in exchange for Forest Service acreage within the National Forest.The Forest Service land, after two appraisals, was valued at $328,000. Neither of the appraisals considere...
Long-Term Economic Planning Needed in Oil- and Gas-Producing States
PAD-81-09: Published: Dec 10, 1980. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 1980.
The fiscal and economic condition of the Southwestern States (Texas, Oklahoma, and Louisiana) has long been inextricably linked to oil and gas activities. However, the region's oil and gas reserves and production have been declining since the early 1970's, and prospects for this trend to reverse are not good. Yet continued heavy reliance on decreasing resources has caused little concern for divers...
Promising Changes Improve EPA's Extramural Research; More Changes Needed
CED-81-6: Published: Oct 28, 1980. Publicly Released: Oct 28, 1980.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has made a number of changes to the planning and management of its research activities. If properly implemented, they should improve the EPA research program. GAO discussed some problems which require further attention, and factors and weaknesses which, unless corrected, could continue to seriously hamper the EPA ability to meet its research needs.GAO foun...
Need for Comprehensive Pesticide Use Data
CED-80-145: Published: Sep 30, 1980. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1980.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) needs to have accurate and comprehensive information on pesticide usage to assess a pesticide's potential risks and benefits to humans and the environment and to improve the overall management of its pesticide programs. GAO examined sources of pesticide usage information were examined at EPA, other Federal and State agencies, and private organizations.EPA...
Allegations That Congressman Seiberling Received Preferential Treatment Regarding Land Transactions in the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area
CED-80-135: Published: Aug 27, 1980. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 1980.
Allegations were made that Congressman Seiberling received preferential treatment from the National Park Service (NPS) regarding land he owned and previously owned in the Cuyahoga Valley National Recreation Area (CVNRA). Specifically, it was alleged that he was allowed to keep his home in the recreation area subject to certain restrictions (a scenic easement) while others were required to sell the...
Information on Questions About the Brush Creek (PA) Sewage Project
CED-80-112: Published: Aug 8, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 20, 1980.
GAO responded to a citizens group and congressional questions raised about the Brush Creek Sewer Project in Marshall Township, Pennsylvania. These questions involved the need and justification for the sewer system, the approval procedures followed by the State and Federal agencies involved, and the economic burden placed on affected residents. It also addressed the question of whether additional F...
Rural Water Problems: An Overview
CED-80-120: Published: Aug 19, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 19, 1980.
An overview is presented of the difficulties faced by 28 rural communities in 10 States in obtaining drinking water. Many existing central water systems have deteriorated and need to be repaired or replaced. Other systems need to be expanded. In some areas, additional systems need to be developed. Water shortages have prevented the development or expansion of some central systems, but the most imp...
Better Management of National Park Concessions Can Improve Services Provided to the Public
CED-80-102: Published: Jul 31, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 15, 1980.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the management of concession operations by the National Park Service (NPS).GAO found that concessioner performance evaluation would be more effective if visitors' opinions and comments were used in appraising concessioner performance. Existing concessioners already have a competitive advantage over others who want to operate in the parks, they do...
Problems in Collecting and Setting Aside Adequate Knutson-Vandenburg Funds To Do Planned Work
113155: Aug 13, 1980
GAO undertook a review of the problems in collecting and setting aside adequate funds authorized by the Knutson-Vandenburg (K-V) Act. In a previous report, GAO found that the Forest Service was having difficulty in collecting and setting aside enough money under the K-V act to finance reforestation and timber stand improvement work needed in harvest areas. GAO limited its review to an analysis of...
Need for a Formal Risk/Benefit Review of the Pesticide Chlordane
CED-80-116: Published: Aug 5, 1980. Publicly Released: Aug 5, 1980.
A review of the adequacy of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) regulation of pesticides used in and around the home revealed that chlordane, used for termite control, may pose unreasonable risks to man and the environment. In 1974, after studies showed that chlordane caused cancer in mice, EPA issued a notice of intent to cancel all registered uses of chlordane, except for subsurface grou...
Alternatives for the Disposal and Cleanup of Hazardous Waste
112696: Jul 2, 1980
Disposal of hazardous waste by land, injection into deep wells, and high temperature burning are discussed. Land disposal is the most commonly used method of disposing of hazardous substances because it is the least expensive method. It is limited by the amount of land available for disposal purposes and safety considerations such as proximity to drinking water sources. Deep well disposal is the s...
Review of Environmental Protection Agency's Efforts To Detect and Prevent Fraud and Abuse
CED-80-100: Published: May 29, 1980. Publicly Released: May 29, 1980.
A review was undertaken of the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) efforts to detect and prevent fraud and abuse. During most of the review, the Office of Audit was responsible for evaluating the economy, efficiency, and effectiveness of financial and program operations since the Office of Inspector General (OIG) was not established until January 7, 1980. Also, the Inspection Branch was respon...
Contracts To Provide Space in Federal Reservoirs for Future Water Supplies Should Be More Flexible
CED-80-78: Published: May 16, 1980. Publicly Released: May 16, 1980.
As part of its ongoing effort to contribute to a better understanding of, and timely consideration of, ways to solve the key water problems facing the Nation, GAO reviewed Federal contracting procedures for municipal water supply storage at Federal reservoirs and the need to include cost estimates for transporting such water to the user's treatment facilities. The Water Supply Act of 1958 authoriz...
The Fish and Wildlife Service's Management of the Sachuest Point and Ninigret National Wildlife Refuges in Rhode Island
CED-80-26: Published: Nov 23, 1979. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 1979.
A Congressman questioned whether the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service had the resources to manage two wildlife refuges in Rhode Island properly.At one site, the Service has implemented a management and development plan which would protect the habitat for wildlife while providing passive public recreation. Actions taken to enhance the area as a wildlife habitat included: (1) renovation of an existing...
Assessment of Allegations Involving the Environmental Protection Agency's Kansas City Regional Office
CED-80-17: Published: Oct 19, 1979. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 1979.
A Congressman requested a review of procurement and personnel practices at an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regional office. Newspaper allegations of improper practices had been evaluated by EPA. The GAO review was sought to determine the validity of the allegations and the adequacy of the EPA evaluations.GAO found that the regional procurement and personnel operations were generally run e...
Status of Efforts To Phase Out Ocean Dumping of Municipal Sewage Sludge
109826: Jun 27, 1979
A review of the status of efforts to phase out the ocean dumping of municipal sewage sludge by December 31, 1981, as mandated by legislation was presented. Although substantial funding has been invested in the planning and implementation of alternatives to ocean dumping of municipal sludge since 1973, no net reduction in volume has been achieved to date. Further, the volume of sludge to be ocean d...
National Park Service's Urban Recreation Areas Program
CED-79-98: Published: Jun 19, 1979. Publicly Released: Jun 19, 1979.
A GAO review of the National Park Service's (NPS) Urban National Recreation program focused on the first three areas designated by Congress: Golden Gate, California; Gateway, New Jersey and New York; and Cuyahoga Valley, Ohio. The study assessed the extent to which the program met its objectives of satisfying the recreational needs of urban populations, and protecting and preserving significant na...
Environmental Protection Agency and State Hazardous Waste Management Programs
109597: Jun 4, 1979
The problem of what to do with hazardous waste is growing. Hazardous waste must be treated and disposed of somewhere. Without an adequate national environmentally sound disposal and treatment capacity, the intent of current legislation to safeguard public health and the environment cannot be achieved. A more effective Federal and State role is necessary to assure that facilities will be available...
Combined Sewer Flooding and Pollution--A National Problem. The Search for Solutions in Chicago: Six Volumes
CED-79-77: Published: May 15, 1979. Publicly Released: May 17, 1979.
This report: (1) highlights the current status and impact of the Chicago Tunnel and Reservoir Plan; (2) profiles the extent and location of flooding and damage in the Chicago metropolitan area; (3) summarizes the limited availability of funds to correct the problems; and (4) in the absence of such funding, describes several alternatives for local communities and individual citizens to consider. Vo...
Intensive Timber Management
CED-79-88: Published: Apr 27, 1979. Publicly Released: May 4, 1979.
The Forest Service reforestation and timber stand improvement program was evaluated, with an assessment of progress in implementing a 1978 action plan for improving administration of these programs.The Forest Service continues to experience difficulty in determining the magnitude of reforestation and timber stand improvement needs and the economic value of accomplishing this work. The reported siz...
Desalting Water Probably Will Not Solve the Nation's Water Problems, But Can Help
CED-79-60: Published: May 1, 1979. Publicly Released: May 1, 1979.
As the availability of freshwater for municipal and industrial purposes becomes more of a problem, many countries are beginning to consider various desalination processes. Congress established the Saline Water Conversion Program to research and develop ways to convert sea and other saline water into useful water. Although the program is responsible for much of the desalting technology in use in th...
Functions, Activities, and Utility of the Three Interstate Marine Fisheries Commissions
CED-79-46: Published: Feb 26, 1979. Publicly Released: Mar 5, 1979.
Eight Regional Fishery Management Councils were established in 1976 to create a system of fisheries management for the Fishery Conservation Zone in cooperation with the Department of Commerce and the states. In order to serve the states by advocating state interests and coordinating interstate research and territorial sea fisheries management efforts, the following Marine Fisheries Commissions wer...
EPA's Tampering and Fuel Switching Programs
CED-79-47: Published: Mar 1, 1979. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 1979.
Efforts of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) were reviewed to determine the effectiveness of the program to decrease tampering with automobile emission control devices and fuel switching. The practice of using leaded gasoline in vehicles equipped with catalytic converters and designed for unleaded gasoline, if widespread, will substantially increase pollutant emissions.The problems associa...
Bottling a Rainstorm
110898: Jan 1, 1979
This article appeared in the GAO Review, Vol. 14, Issue 4, Fall 1979. The Chicago Tunnel and Reservoir Project (TARP) is designed to alleviate the flooding and waterway pollution problems in the Chicago metropolitan area and eliminate backflow of the Chicago River into Lake Michigan. When completed, the tunnel will extend for 131 miles, its diameter of 30 to 35 feet will permit three locomotives t...
Concerning a Report to Congress on the Adequacy of an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Study
B-109650: Published: Dec 28, 1978. Publicly Released: Dec 28, 1978.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) report to Congress on a study of indemnities to persons affected by EPA-administered laws will be delayed until mid-1979. Consequently, GAO's review of the adequacy of the EPA study will not meet the target date of July 1, 1979, and will be delayed until the end of 1979...