Climate (1 - 10 of 44 items)
Climate Change: Improved Federal Coordination Could Facilitate Use of Forward-Looking Climate Information in Design Standards, Building Codes, and Certifications
GAO-17-3: Published: Nov 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 3, 2017.
Selected standards-developing organizations generally have not used forward-looking climate information—such as projected rainfall rates—in design standards, building codes, and voluntary certifications and instead have relied on historical observations. Further, some organizations periodically update climate information in standards, codes, and certifications, but others do not. Some standard...
Climate Change: Information on NOAA's Support for States' Marine Coastal Ecosystem Resilience Efforts
GAO-16-834: Published: Sep 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2016.
The Department of Commerce's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is taking a variety of actions to support states' efforts to make their marine coastal ecosystems more resilient to climate change, and states generally view NOAA's actions as positive steps. The Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) provides a foundation for managing these ecosystems and partnering with states to wor...
Federal Fisheries Management: Additional Actions Could Advance Efforts to Incorporate Climate Information into Management Decisions
GAO-16-827: Published: Sep 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2016.
The Department of Commerce's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) and eight Regional Fishery Management Councils (Council) have general information on the types of effects climate change is likely to have on federally managed fish stocks but limited information on the magnitude and timing of effects for specific stocks. They also face several challenges to better understand these effects, base...
Climate Change: Selected Governments Have Approached Adaptation through Laws and Long-Term Plans
GAO-16-454: Published: May 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 2016.
Selected governments have approached enhancing resilience through climate change adaptation, and some have aligned adaptation with broader resilience efforts (see figure). All five selected governments have enacted laws and developed long-term plans as a part of their approaches to climate change adaptation. These plans established frameworks for addressing climate risks. For example, the European...
Supply Chain Risks: SEC's Plans to Determine If Additional Action Is Needed on Climate-Related Disclosure Have Evolved
GAO-16-211: Published: Jan 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 8, 2016.
Companies may disclose climate-related supply chain risks under four broad categories of climate-related topics that the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) identified in its 2010 guidance as some of the ways companies may be impacted. These categories are impacts of legislation and regulation related to climate change; impact of international accords; indirect consequences of regulation or b...
Climate Information: A National System Could Help Federal, State, Local, and Private Sector Decision Makers Use Climate Information
GAO-16-37: Published: Nov 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 8, 2015.
Many federal efforts are under way, but the climate information needs of federal, state, local, and private sector decision makers are not being fully met, according to recent GAO reports, National Academies and other studies, and interviews with stakeholders. The November 2013 Executive Order 13653 on Preparing the United States for the Impacts of Climate Change calls on certain federal agencies...
Highlights of a Forum: Preparing for Climate-Related Risks: Lessons from the Private Sector
GAO-16-126SP: Published: Nov 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2015.
What Participants SaidDuring the GAO-sponsored forum, participants discussed the following topics:Businesses’ Climate-Related Risks, Actions to Identify and Manage Them, and Justification of Resilience Efforts Forum participants representing businesses across a variety of industries described climate-related risks to their operations, infrastructure, and supply chains. Participants also discusse...
Climate Change: HHS Could Take Further Steps to Enhance Understanding of Public Health Risks
GAO-16-122: Published: Oct 5, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
Federal agencies are enhancing understanding of climate-related risks to public health by (1) supporting and conducting research, (2) providing data and informational resources, and (3) communicating about risks. The Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) National Institutes of Health (NIH) supports a portfolio of research directly related to these risks. NIH reports awarding about $6 mi...
Federal Supply Chains: Opportunities to Improve the Management of Climate-Related Risks
GAO-16-32: Published: Oct 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2015.
Selected federal agencies have identified climate-related risks to their critical supply chains to varying degrees—including not at all—based on GAO's analysis of survey responses and adaptation plans from 24 selected agencies. According to GAO's analysis of these plans, 12 included information on agency-specific risks, 6 acknowledged general risks, and 6 did not mention risks. In survey respo...
Environmental Satellites: Improvements Needed in NOAA's Mitigation Strategies as It Prepares for Potential Satellite Coverage Gaps
GAO-15-386T: Published: Feb 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 2015.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) $11.3 billion Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) program has recently completed significant development activities and remains within its cost and schedule baselines; however, recent cost growth on key components is likely unsustainable, and schedule delays could increase the potential for a near-term satellite data gap. In addition, wh...