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Natural Resources and Environment (71 - 80 of 3,480 items)
SEC Conflict Minerals Rule: Insights from Companies' Initial Disclosures and State and USAID Actions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo Region
GAO-16-200T: Published: Nov 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2015.
According to a generalizable sample GAO reviewed, company disclosures filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) for the first time in 2014 in response to the SEC conflict minerals disclosure rule indicated that most companies were unable to determine the source of their conflict minerals. Companies that filed disclosures used one or more of the four “conflict minerals”—tantalum...
Wildland Fire Management: Agencies' Efforts to Assess Program Effectiveness and Modernize the Firefighting Aviation Fleet
GAO-16-217T: Published: Nov 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2015.
As GAO found in its September 2015 report, the Department of Agriculture's Forest Service and the Department of the Interior assess the effectiveness of their wildland fire management programs in several ways, including through performance measures, evaluations of particular activities, and reviews of specific wildland fires. Forest Service and Interior officials told GAO their performance measure...
Rural Water Infrastructure: Federal Agencies Provide Funding but Could Increase Coordination to Help Communities [Reissued on November 6, 2015]
GAO-15-450T: Published: Feb 27, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2015.
Seven federal agencies provide funding or technical assistance to rural communities in developing drinking water and wastewater systems and complying with federal regulations. The Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Drinking Water and Clean Water Revolving Funds (SRF) are the largest source of funding and assistance receiving $907 million and $1.45 billion respectively in fiscal year 2014, som...
Climate Change: HHS Could Take Further Steps to Enhance Understanding of Public Health Risks
GAO-16-122: Published: Oct 5, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 3, 2015.
Federal agencies are enhancing understanding of climate-related risks to public health by (1) supporting and conducting research, (2) providing data and informational resources, and (3) communicating about risks. The Department of Health and Human Services’ (HHS) National Institutes of Health (NIH) supports a portfolio of research directly related to these risks. NIH reports awarding about $6 mi...
Army Corps of Engineers: Action Needed to Ensure the Quality of Maintenance Dredging Contract Cost Data
GAO-15-810: Published: Sep 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2015.
Cost data in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' (Corps) dredging database are unreliable and, therefore, the total costs of maintenance dredging contracts during fiscal years 2004 through 2013 are unclear. In particular, about 19 percent (264 out of 1,405) of the contract records marked as "complete" did not contain information on the final contract costs or the actual quantity of material dredged...
Federal Supply Chains: Opportunities to Improve the Management of Climate-Related Risks
GAO-16-32: Published: Oct 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2015.
Selected federal agencies have identified climate-related risks to their critical supply chains to varying degrees—including not at all—based on GAO's analysis of survey responses and adaptation plans from 24 selected agencies. According to GAO's analysis of these plans, 12 included information on agency-specific risks, 6 acknowledged general risks, and 6 did not mention risks. In survey respo...
Superfund: Trends in Federal Funding and Cleanup of EPA's Nonfederal National Priorities List Sites
GAO-15-812: Published: Sep 25, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 26, 2015.
Annual federal appropriations to the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Superfund program generally declined from about $2 billion to about $1.1 billion in constant 2013 dollars from fiscal years 1999 through 2013. EPA expenditures—from these federal appropriations—of site-specific cleanup funds on remedial cleanup activities at nonfederal National Priorities List (NPL) sites declined fro...
Indian Energy Development: Actions Needed to Address BIA Management Challenges
GAO-16-171T: Published: Oct 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2015.
In its June 2015 report, GAO found that Bureau of Indian Affairs' (BIA) management shortcomings and other factors—such as a complex regulatory framework, limited capital and infrastructure, and varied tribal capacity—have hindered Indian energy development. Specifically, BIA's management has the following shortcomings:BIA does not have the data it needs to verify ownership of some Indian oil a...
Chemicals Management: Observations on Human Health Risk Assessment and Management by Selected Foreign Programs
GAO-16-111R: Published: Oct 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Oct 9, 2015.
The foreign programs GAO reviewed—Canada’s Chemicals Management Plan (CMP), Australia’s Inventory Multi-tiered Assessment and Prioritisation (IMAP) framework, and the World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Monographs Programme and International Programme on Chemical Safety (IPCS)—assess the human health risks of chemicals using similar analyt...
Great Lakes Restoration Initiative: Some Information on Projects and Progress Made Available to Congress and the Public
GAO-15-841T: Published: Sep 30, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2015.
As GAO reported in July 2015, of the $1.68 billion in federal funds made available for the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative (GLRI) in fiscal years 2010 through 2014, nearly all had been allocated as of January 2015. Of the $1.66 billion allocated, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the other 10 Great Lakes Interagency Task Force (Task Force) agencies expended $1.15 billion for 2,123 p...