Export controls (1 - 10 of 46 items)
Critical Technologies: Agency Initiatives Address Some Weaknesses, but Additional Interagency Collaboration Is Needed
GAO-15-288: Published: Feb 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2015.
The agencies responsible for eight programs designed to protect critical technologies have implemented several initiatives since 2007, but face some implementation challenges. Agencies have made progress addressing previously identified weaknesses in response to changes in law, GAO recommendations, or agencies' own internal identification of them. For instance, the area of export controls has seen...
Protecting Defense Technologies: DOD Assessment Needed to Determine Requirement for Critical Technologies List
GAO-13-157: Published: Jan 23, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 2013.
While the Department of Defense (DOD) took steps to address previously identified weaknesses in updating and maintaining the Militarily Critical Technologies List (MCTL), the list remains outdated and updates have ceased. For example, DOD has solicited users' requirements and feedback on the MCTL, and added a search engine capability to improve navigation of the list and updated each technology se...
Defense Exports: Reporting on Exported Articles and Services Needs to Be Improved
GAO-10-952: Published: Sep 21, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2010.
The U.S. government exports billions of dollars of defense articles and services annually to foreign entities, generally through direct commercial sales (DCS) from U.S. companies under licenses issued by the State Department (State) or through the Department of Defense (DOD) Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program. GAO has previously reported on weaknesses in the export control system. As requested,...
Defense Trade: State Department Needs to Conduct Assessments to Identify and Address Inefficiencies and Challenges in the Arms Export Process
GAO-08-89: Published: Nov 30, 2007. Publicly Released: Jan 3, 2008.
To regulate the export of billions of dollars worth of arms to foreign governments and companies, the Department of State's (State) Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) reviews and authorizes export licenses and other arms export cases. While such reviews require time to consider national security and foreign policy interests, the U.S. defense industry and some foreign government purchaser...
Defense Trade: Clarification and More Comprehensive Oversight of Export Exemptions Certified by DOD Are Needed
GAO-07-1103: Published: Sep 19, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 19, 2007.
Defense (DOD) activities, U.S. defense companies may export defense items. The Department of State (State) controls such exports through its International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR), which provides for some exemptions from export licensing requirements. For a limited number of these exemptions, DOD may confirm--or certify--that the export activity qualifies for the use of an ITAR exemption...
President's Justification of the High Performance Computer Control Threshold Does Not Fully Address National Defense Authorization Act of 1998 Requirements
GAO-06-754R: Published: Jun 30, 2006. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2006.
The United States controls the export of high performance computers for national security and foreign policy reasons. High performance computers have both civilian and military applications and operate at or above a defined performance threshold (which was formerly measured in millions of theoretical operations per second [MTOPS], but is now measured in Weighted TeraFlops [WT]). The U.S. export co...
Defense Trade: Arms Export Control System in the Post-9/11 Environment
GAO-05-234: Published: Feb 16, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 2005.
The U.S. government controls arms exports by U.S. companies to ensure that such exports are consistent with national security and foreign policy interests. There have been various efforts to change the arms export control system, which is overseen by the State Department. One effort was the Defense Trade Security Initiative of 2000, which was intended to facilitate defense trade with allies in the...
Defense Trade: Arms Export Control Vulnerabilities and Inefficiencies in the Post-9/11 Security Environment
GAO-05-468R: Published: Apr 7, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 2005.
In the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, attacks and the subsequent global war on terror, the nature of threats facing this country has changed, and as a result, policies and structures from previous decades need to be rethought. One area for reexamination in this changed security environment is the arms export control system. The State Department oversees this system to ensure that arms export...
Defense Trade: Better Information Needed to Support Decisions Affecting Proposed Weapons Transfers
GAO-03-694: Published: Jul 11, 2003. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 2003.
The heightened visibility of advanced U.S. weapons in military conflicts has prompted foreign countries to seek to purchase such weaponry. In 2001, transfers of U.S. weapons and technologies to foreign governments totaled over $12 billion. The potential loss of U.S. technological advantage has been raised as an issue in recently approved transfers of advanced military weapons and technologies--suc...
Defense Trade: Analysis of Support for Recent Initiatives
NSIAD-00-191: Published: Aug 31, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 2, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the status and basis for the Department of Defense's (DOD) defense cooperation initiatives, focusing on the : (1) data and analysis supporting the 47 initiatives; and (2) likelihood that the initiatives will achieve DOD's desired outcomes.GAO noted that: (1) to develop its defense cooperation initiatives, DOD largely relied on incomplete data and d...