Dual-use technologies (1 - 10 of 11 items)
Protecting Defense Technologies: DOD Assessment Needed to Determine Requirement for Critical Technologies List
GAO-13-157: Published: Jan 23, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 23, 2013.
While the Department of Defense (DOD) took steps to address previously identified weaknesses in updating and maintaining the Militarily Critical Technologies List (MCTL), the list remains outdated and updates have ceased. For example, DOD has solicited users' requirements and feedback on the MCTL, and added a search engine capability to improve navigation of the list and updated each technology se...
Military and Dual-Use Technology: Covert Testing Shows Continuing Vulnerabilities of Domestic Sales for Illegal Export
GAO-09-725T: Published: Jun 4, 2009. Publicly Released: Jun 4, 2009.
Terrorists and foreign governments regularly attempt to obtain sensitive dual-use and military technology from manufacturers and distributors within the United States. Although the Department of State (State) or Department of Commerce (Commerce), or both, must grant approval to export sensitive military and dual-use items, publicly reported criminal cases show that individuals can bypass this requ...
Nonproliferation: Improvements Needed for Controls on Exports of Cruise Missile and Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Technology
GAO-04-493T: Published: Mar 9, 2004. Publicly Released: Mar 9, 2004.
Cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) pose a growing threat to U.S. national security interests as accurate, inexpensive delivery systems for conventional, chemical, and biological weapons. GAO assessed (1) the tools the U.S. and foreign governments use to address proliferation risks posed by the sale of these items and (2) efforts to verify the end use of exported cruise missiles, UA...
China: Military Imports From the United States and the European Union Since the 1989 Embargoes
NSIAD-98-176: Published: Jun 16, 1998. Publicly Released: Jun 16, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the: (1) terms of the European Union (EU) embargo and the extent of EU military sales to China since 1989; (2) terms of the U.S. embargo and the extent of U.S. military sales to China since 1989; and (3) potential role that such EU and U.S. sales could play in addressing China's defense needs.GAO noted that: (1) the EU embargo is based on a 1989 po...
Nuclear Weapons: U.S. Cooperation With Other Countries
NSIAD-98-78R: Published: Feb 20, 1998. Publicly Released: Mar 9, 1998.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed whether certain countries are using U.S.-sponsored cooperative programs as a means of obtaining technical information that may be useful to their nuclear weapons programs, focusing on: (1) the extent and nature of nuclear weapons-related cooperative activities concerning safety, security, reliability, and performance; (2) exports between the United...
Export Controls: Sales of High Performance Computers to Russia's Nuclear Weapons Laboratories
T-NSIAD-97-128: Published: Apr 15, 1997. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the sale of high performance computers to Russia's nuclear weapons laboratories, focusing on: (1) the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and its implications for high performance computer exports to Russian laboratories; (2) U.S. export regulations as they apply to the Russian nuclear weapons laboratories; (3) the Russian request for such computers dur...
NSIAD-96-230R: Published: Sep 30, 1996. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S.-China Joint Defense Conversion Commission's (JDCC) activities. GAO noted that: (1) China's approach to defense conversion has been to integrate military and civilian production; (2) the Commission on Science, Technology, and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND) is the chief body in the Chinese government responsible for defense conversi...
Technology Reinvestment Project: Recent Changes Place More Emphasis on Military Needs
T-NSIAD-95-167: Published: May 17, 1995. Publicly Released: May 17, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the Department of Defense's (DOD) Technology Reinvestment Project (TRP), focusing on: (1) how TRP differs from other DOD dual-use programs; (2) the military relevance of selected TRP projects; and (3) changes in TRP to place more emphasis on military needs. GAO noted that: (1) TRP projects must be competitively selected, include government-industr...
Defense Sector: Trends in Employment and Spending
NSIAD-95-105BR: Published: Apr 19, 1995. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided data on: (1) the extent of Department of Defense (DOD) and defense industry downsizing; and (2) defense reinvestment and conversion expenditures.GAO found that: (1) the defense sector has been shrinking, both in absolute terms and relative to the U.S. economy, since the mid-1980s; (2) declines in DOD spending and concomitant decreases in defense-re...
The United States Continuing Munition Supply Relationship With Guatemala
NSIAD-86-31: Published: Jan 30, 1986. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 1986.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the extent and legality of the government's continuing military supply relationship with Guatemala.GAO noted that: (1) the United States cut off U.S. arms sales to Guatemala between fiscal years (FY) 1978 and 1984 because the State Department cited the country for human rights violations; (2) any significant increases in military sales or assistanc...