Defense operations (1 - 10 of 275 items)
Defense Business Transformation: DOD Should Improve Its Planning with and Performance Monitoring of the Military Departments
GAO-17-9: Published: Dec 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 7, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) and the military departments have established roles and responsibilities for senior business transformation positions, such as Chief Management Officers (CMOs) and Deputy CMOs (DCMOs), who are responsible for business transformation efforts—actions to increase the efficiency of or to decrease the costs associated with DOD's business functions, such as acquisitions...
Defense Infrastructure: Actions Needed to Strengthen Utility Resilience Planning
GAO-17-27: Published: Nov 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2016.
Based on GAO's survey of Department of Defense (DOD) owned utility systems, there were 4,393 instances of utility disruptions caused by equipment failure for fiscal years 2009 through 2015 and the results of our survey and interviews with DOD installation officials indicated that these disruptions have caused a range of financial and operational impacts. Survey respondents identified several facto...
Defense Infrastructure: Actions Needed to Enhance Oversight of Construction Projects Supporting Military Contingency Operations
GAO-16-406: Published: Sep 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2016.
Since contingency operations began in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Department of Defense (DOD) has not tracked the universe and cost of all U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) contingency construction projects supporting operations there. According to senior DOD officials DOD is not required to track all contingency construction projects separately from all other DOD projects, but DOD has been able to gen...
Army Training: Efforts to Adjust Training Requirements Should Consider the Use of Virtual Training Devices
GAO-16-636: Published: Aug 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 16, 2016.
In 2010, the Army began modifying its training priorities and goals to support a broader range of military operations and is currently implementing five initiatives intended to further define training requirements and resources. GAO identified nine Army training priorities, such as training in an environment that replicates the complex battlefield that its units would experience during combat. Arm...
Defense Inventory: Further Analysis and Enhanced Metrics Could Improve Service Supply and Depot Operations
GAO-16-450: Published: Jun 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2016.
The military services have, to varying degrees, transferred retail supply, storage, and distribution functions at their depot-level industrial sites to the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) and achieved some efficiencies, but have not fully assessed the costs and benefits of transferring more retail functions to DLA at Army and Marine Corps depots and Navy shipyards. Specifically, Air Force Air Logis...
Military Readiness: DOD Needs to Incorporate Elements of a Strategic Management Planning Framework into Retrograde and Reset Guidance
GAO-16-414: Published: May 13, 2016. Publicly Released: May 13, 2016.
In its response to the requirements of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2014, instead of developing new policies for retrograde and reset of operating forces used to support overseas contingency operations, the Department of Defense (DOD) relied on three existing guidance documents as its policy for retrograde and reset activities in support of overseas contingency ope...
Civil Support: DOD Needs to Clarify Its Roles and Responsibilities for Defense Support of Civil Authorities during Cyber Incidents
GAO-16-332: Published: Apr 4, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has developed overarching guidance about how it is to support civil authorities as part of its Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA) mission, but DOD's guidance does not clearly define its roles and responsibilities for cyber incidents. Specifically, DOD has developed and issued key DSCA guidance—such as DOD Directive 3025.18, Defense Support of Civil Author...
Defense Logistics: Enhanced Policy and Procedures Needed to Improve Management of Sensitive Conventional Ammunition
GAO-16-202: Published: Feb 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2016.
The military services maintained accountability (i.e., accurate records) of Security Risk Category (SRC) I conventional ammunition at 11 sampled locations within the continental United States; however, GAO identified gaps in some service-level guidance and procedures for how SRC I ammunition is accounted for across locations. GAO identified instances in which the Navy and Army had taken actions t...
Facilities Modernization: DOD Guidance and Processes Reflect Leading Practices for Capital Planning
GAO-15-489: Published: Jul 27, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2015.
In 2005, the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) developed the Facilities Modernization Model (the model) to estimate the Department of Defense's (DOD) annual-funding requirements for modernization. However, OSD officials stated that they decided in 2009 not to implement the model and identified two primary reasons for their decision. First, OSD senior leadership determined the model was base...
Defense Logistics: Marine Corps and Army Reset Liability Estimates
GAO-15-569R: Published: Jun 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 2015.
The Marine Corps and Army has each developed its own process for producing reset liability estimates, which are the amount of funding that may be required by a service to reset—i.e., repair, recapitalize, and replace—equipment returning from operations, thereby returning the equipment to combat ready condition. According to department officials, there is no Department of Defense (DOD) guidance...