Defense capabilities (1 - 10 of 235 items)
Joint Information Environment: DOD Needs to Strengthen Governance and Management [Reissued on October 25, 2016]
GAO-16-593: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) plans to spend almost $1 billion by the end of this fiscal year to implement one element of the Joint Information Environment (JIE); however, the department has not fully defined JIE's scope or expected cost. Officials reported that assessing the cost of JIE is complex because of the size and the complexity of the department's infrastructure and JIE's implementation...
Defense Health Care Reform: DOD Needs Further Analysis of the Size, Readiness, and Efficiency of the Medical Force
GAO-16-820: Published: Sep 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2016.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) approach in its Report on Military Health System Modernization (the Study) did not consistently follow relevant generally accepted research standards for research design and execution. While the Study's recommendations position DOD, over time, to take actions to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the Military Health System, GAO found a number of shortco...
Army Planning: Comprehensive Risk Assessment Needed for Planned Changes to the Army's Force Structure
GAO-16-327: Published: Apr 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 13, 2016.
The Army prioritized retaining combat units, such as brigade combat teams (BCT) and combat aviation brigades, when planning to reduce its end strength to 980,000 soldiers, and as a result plans to eliminate proportionately more positions from its support (or “enabler”) units, such as military police and transportation units. The Army's force planning process seeks to link strategy to force str...
DOD Service Acquisition: Improved Use of Available Data Needed to Better Manage and Forecast Service Contract Requirements
GAO-16-119: Published: Feb 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 18, 2016.
Over the last 5 years, the Department of Defense (DOD) consistently obligated more on services than products. These obligations are significant. For example, in 2014 alone, DOD obligated $85 billion on its three largest types of services—knowledge-based, research and development, and facility-related services. This amount was more than double the amount DOD obligated for aircraft, land vehicles...
Military Base Realignments and Closures: More Guidance and Information Needed to Take Advantage of Opportunities to Consolidate Training
GAO-16-45: Published: Feb 18, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 18, 2016.
For each of the six recommendations GAO reviewed from the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) round, the Department of Defense (DOD) implemented the recommendations by requiring military services to relocate select training functions; however, GAO found that two of the six training functions reviewed were able to take advantage of the opportunity provided by BRAC to consolidate training so th...
Defense Infrastructure: Energy Conservation Investment Program Needs Improved Reporting, Measurement, and Guidance
GAO-16-162: Published: Jan 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 29, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) collects information on how Energy Conservation Investment Program (ECIP) projects are expected to perform when operational, including anticipated returns on investment and energy or water savings. While DOD annually notifies congressional committees of proposed ECIP projects and includes some of this performance information with the notification, it does not do so...
Defense Infrastructure: Improvement Needed in Energy Reporting and Security Funding at Installations with Limited Connectivity
GAO-16-164: Published: Jan 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 2016.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) fiscal year 2013 Annual Energy Management Report (Energy Report) addressed some of the required reporting elements and correctly incorporated data from the military services and defense agencies. However, the report is not fully reliable because the data were captured and reported using different methods, hindering comparability across the department. Specifically...
Civilian and Contractor Workforces: Complete Information Needed to Assess DOD's Progress for Reductions and Associated Savings
GAO-16-172: Published: Dec 23, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 23, 2015.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) September 2014 and February 2015 reports did not fully address most statutory requirements identified in section 955 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for fiscal year 2013. Specifically, DOD partially addressed three statutory requirements and did not address three statutory requirements. For example, DOD's September 2014 report to Congress partiall...
Defense Logistics: DOD Has Addressed Most Reporting Requirements and Continues to Refine Its Asset Visibility Strategy
GAO-16-88: Published: Dec 22, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 22, 2015.
The Department of Defense's (DOD's) 2014 Strategy for Improving DOD Asset Visibility ( Strategy) and accompanying implementation plans fully address 6 of the 11 statutory elements required by the Fiscal Year 2014 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) and partially address the remaining 5. For example, the Strategy fully addressed asset visibility goals and objectives, and roles and responsibil...
Bulk Fuel Pricing: DOD Needs to Take Additional Actions to Establish a More Reliable Methodology
GAO-16-78R: Published: Nov 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 19, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) adjusted its methodology for developing the standard fuel price for fiscal year 2016 in order to develop a more precise estimate, but the new methodology does not reflect actual market conditions or fully account for risks to the reliability of its fuel cost estimate. In July 2014, GAO found that DOD had not updated its approach to establish the standard price for f...