Military operations (1 - 10 of 161 items)
Overseas Contingency Operations: Observations on the Use of Force Management Levels in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria
GAO-17-246T: Published: Dec 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2016.
Military officials planning for and executing operations under force management levels have taken various actions to maximize military capabilities deployed to countries under those limits, as discussed below:Increased Engagement with Partner Nation Security Forces. The Department of Defense (DOD) has increased its engagement with partner nations through advise-and-assist missions that rely on pa...
Defense Health Care Reform: DOD Needs Further Analysis of the Size, Readiness, and Efficiency of the Medical Force
GAO-16-820: Published: Sep 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2016.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) approach in its Report on Military Health System Modernization (the Study) did not consistently follow relevant generally accepted research standards for research design and execution. While the Study's recommendations position DOD, over time, to take actions to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the Military Health System, GAO found a number of shortco...
Military Readiness: DOD's Readiness Rebuilding Efforts May Be at Risk without a Comprehensive Plan
GAO-16-841: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) recognizes that more than a decade of conflict, budget uncertainty, and force structure reductions have degraded military readiness, and the department has efforts under way to manage the impact of deployments on readiness. The military services have reported persistently low readiness levels, which they have attributed to emerging and continued demands on their for...
Army Training: Efforts to Adjust Training Requirements Should Consider the Use of Virtual Training Devices
GAO-16-636: Published: Aug 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 16, 2016.
In 2010, the Army began modifying its training priorities and goals to support a broader range of military operations and is currently implementing five initiatives intended to further define training requirements and resources. GAO identified nine Army training priorities, such as training in an environment that replicates the complex battlefield that its units would experience during combat. Arm...
Defense Weather Satellites: Analysis of Alternatives Is Useful for Certain Capabilities, but Ineffective Coordination Limited Assessment of Two Critical Capabilities
GAO-16-252R: Published: Mar 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) conducted an analysis of alternatives (AOA) to identify and compare potential solutions to the department’s need for space-based environmental monitoring (SBEM) capabilities. DOD initiated the AOA in 2012—2 years after the cancellation of the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System, intended to replace DOD’s existing Defense Meteorol...
Defense Satellite Communications: DOD Needs Additional Information to Improve Procurements
GAO-15-459: Published: Jul 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2015.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) procurement of commercial satellite communications (SATCOM), or bandwidth, is fragmented and inefficient. Historically, commercial SATCOM was used to augment military capability, but DOD has become increasingly reliant on commercial SATCOM to support ongoing U.S. military operations. DOD policy requires all of its components to procure commercial SATCOM through th...
Defense Inventory: DOD Needs Additional Information for Managing War Reserve Levels of Meals Ready to Eat
GAO-15-474: Published: May 7, 2015. Publicly Released: May 7, 2015.
The military services determine their war reserve materiel (WRM) requirements for Defense Logistics Agency (DLA)-managed items based on operational plans that support warfighting scenarios and other inputs such as deployment schedules and equipment-usage data. WRM can include repair parts, construction equipment and supplies, and chemical protection suits, among other items. Service officials stat...
Special Operations Forces: DOD's Report to Congress Generally Addressed the Statutory Requirements but Lacks Detail
GAO-14-820R: Published: Sep 8, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2014.
GAO found that the Department of Defense’s (DOD) report to Congress on special operations forces (SOF) and U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) addressed or partially addressed each of the eight mandated reporting elements, but did not include additional details on the analysis that underpins the department’s conclusions on several reporting elements. Specifically: Reporting Element 1: The...
Human Capital: Opportunities Exist to Further Improve DOD's Methodology for Estimating the Costs of Its Workforces
GAO-13-792: Published: Sep 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2013.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has improved its methodology for estimating and comparing the full cost to the taxpayer of work performed by military and civilian personnel and contractor support, but the methodology continues to have certain limitations. Best practices state that cost estimating rules should include a common set of standards that minimize conflicts in definitions, but DOD's metho...
Defense Forensics: Additional Planning and Oversight Needed to Establish an Enduring Expeditionary Forensic Capability
GAO-13-447: Published: Jun 27, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 2013.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has taken some important steps to establish an enduring expeditionary forensic capability by issuing a concept of operations in 2008, followed by a directive in 2011 to establish policy and assign responsibilities. As required by the directive, DOD has drafted a strategic plan to guide the activities of the Defense Forensic Enterprise, including expeditionary forens...