Military forces (81 - 90 of 695 items)
Defense Headquarters: DOD Needs to Reassess Personnel Requirements for the Office of Secretary of Defense, Joint Staff, and Military Service Secretariats
GAO-15-10: Published: Jan 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Jan 21, 2015.
Over the past decade, authorized military and civilian positions have increased within the Department of Defense (DOD) headquarters organizations GAO reviewed—the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), the Joint Staff, and the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force secretariats and staffs—but the size of these organizations has recently leveled off or begun to decline, and DOD's plans for...
Defense Infrastructure: Risk Assessment Needed to Identify If Foreign Encroachment Threatens Test and Training Ranges
GAO-15-149: Published: Dec 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2014.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has not conducted a risk assessment that includes prioritizing test and training ranges based on mission criticality, determining their vulnerabilities to foreign encroachment (i.e., foreign entities acquiring assets, such as mines or energy projects, or otherwise conducting business transactions near test and training ranges), and assessing the degree to which fore...
DOD Business Systems Modernization: Additional Enhancements Are Needed for Army Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates to Fully Meet Best Practices
GAO-14-470: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2014.
The Army made some improvements to its schedule and cost estimates that supported the December 2012 full deployment decision for the Global Combat Support System-Army (GCSS-Army); however, the schedule and cost estimates did not fully meet best practices. GAO found that the schedule substantially met the credibility and control characteristics for developing a high-quality and reliable schedule. F...
DOD Space Systems: Additional Knowledge Would Better Support Decisions about Disaggregating Large Satellites
GAO-15-7: Published: Oct 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2014.
It is not yet known whether and to what degree disaggregation can help the Department of Defense (DOD) reduce acquisition costs and increase the resilience of its satellite systems. Experts GAO spoke with identified an array of benefits and limitations. For example, acquiring smaller, less complex satellites may require less time and effort to develop and produce. On the other hand, a larger numbe...
Afghanistan Equipment Drawdown: Progress Made, but Improved Controls in Decision Making Could Reduce Risk of Unnecessary Expenditures
GAO-14-768: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2014.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has made some progress in its drawdown of equipment from Afghanistan, but ongoing uncertainties about the future force in Afghanistan could affect progress of the drawdown. Specifically, from October 2012 to October 2013, DOD returned from Afghanistan or destroyed 14,664 vehicles, an average of 1,128 vehicles per month. Future progress toward drawdown goals will dep...
F-35 Sustainment: Need for Affordable Strategy, Greater Attention to Risks, and Improved Cost Estimates
GAO-14-778: Published: Sep 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2014.
The Department of Defense (DOD) currently has or is developing several plans and analyses that will make up its overall F-35 sustainment strategy, which is expected to be complete in fiscal year 2019. The annual F-35 operating and support (O&S) costs are estimated to be considerably higher than the combined annual costs of several legacy aircraft (see fig.). DOD has begun some cost-savings efforts...
Depot Maintenance: Accurate and Complete Data Needed to Meet DOD's Core Capability Reporting Requirements
GAO-14-777: Published: Sep 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2014.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) 2014 Biennial Core Report to Congress complies with two of the three required reporting elements of Section 2464—core capability requirements and planned workload. It partially complies with the third element—a detailed explanation or rationale for shortfalls and accompanying mitigation plans. Specifically, the report includes mitigation plans for the Marine C...
Defense Planning: DOD Needs Specific Measures and Milestones to Gauge Progress of Preparations for Operational Access Challenges
GAO-14-801: Published: Sep 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2014.
The Army and Marine Corps are undertaking multiple efforts to address operational access challenges—challenges that impede a military force's ability to enter and conduct operations in an area—that impact a broad range of their existing missions. For example, they are incorporating operational access challenges into their wargames and revising their service concepts, which inform their assessm...
Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Take Further Actions to Prevent Sexual Assault during Initial Military Training
GAO-14-806: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
The Air Force implemented most recommendations from the 2012 Commander's report intended to better prevent, investigate, and respond to sexual assaults and related misconduct during the Air Force's basic training for new enlisted personnel, but it has not evaluated the effectiveness of its actions. GAO found that as of July 2014, of the 46 recommendations, the Air Force implemented 39, partially i...
Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Update General and Flag Officer Requirements and Improve Availability of Associated Costs
GAO-14-745: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
The general and flag officer (GFO) population (i.e., officers ranked at or above brigadier general or rear admiral) experienced higher rates of growth than the enlisted population since fiscal year (FY) 2001. The Department of Defense (DOD) has not comprehensively updated GFO requirements—the number of GFOs needed to fill positions—since 2003 to reflect changes in the active duty force nor has...