Military forces (31 - 40 of 695 items)
Rare Earth Materials: Developing a Comprehensive Approach Could Help DOD Better Manage National Security Risks in the Supply Chain
GAO-16-161: Published: Feb 11, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2016.
Three Department of Defense (DOD) offices have identified certain rare earth materials (rare earths) as critical for some defense applications, such as lasers, but DOD has not taken a comprehensive, department-wide approach to identifying which rare earths, if any, are critical to national security. Specifically, DOD offices have not yet agreed on what constitutes “critical” rare earths. Using...
DOD and Coast Guard: Actions Needed to Increase Oversight and Management Information on Hazing Incidents Involving Servicemembers
GAO-16-226: Published: Feb 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 9, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD), including each of the military services, and the Coast Guard have issued policies to address hazing, but generally do not know the extent to which their policies have been implemented. The military services' and Coast Guard's policies define hazing similarly to DOD and include servicemember training requirements. The military service and Coast Guard policies also c...
Defense Infrastructure: Improvement Needed in Energy Reporting and Security Funding at Installations with Limited Connectivity
GAO-16-164: Published: Jan 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 27, 2016.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) fiscal year 2013 Annual Energy Management Report (Energy Report) addressed some of the required reporting elements and correctly incorporated data from the military services and defense agencies. However, the report is not fully reliable because the data were captured and reported using different methods, hindering comparability across the department. Specifically...
Defense Infrastructure: DOD Efforts Regarding Net Zero Goals
GAO-16-153R: Published: Jan 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has not established an integrated net zero strategy or policy for achieving net zero. Achieving net zero within DOD generally means producing as much energy from renewable energy sources as is consumed by an installation, limiting the consumption of water in order to not deplete the local watershed, and reducing, reusing, and recovering waste streams to add zero was...
National Security Cutter: Enhanced Oversight Needed to Ensure Problems Discovered during Testing and Operations Are Addressed
GAO-16-148: Published: Jan 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Jan 12, 2016.
The U.S. Navy, the Coast Guard's independent test agent, completed initial testing for the National Security Cutter (NSC) in April 2014 and rated the NSC as operationally effective and suitable. Still, testing revealed 10 major deficiencies (some are shown in figure). Initial testing is an event designed to verify performance of critical systems to ensure assets are capable of meeting mission requ...
Defense Health Care: Research on Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy to Treat Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
GAO-16-154: Published: Dec 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2015.
GAO identified 32 peer-reviewed, published articles on research about the use of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) therapy to treat traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), most of which were focused solely on TBI (29 articles). The 32 articles consisted of 7 case reports (reports on the treatment of individuals), 10 literature reviews (reviews of studies), and 15 articles...
Littoral Combat Ship: Knowledge of Survivability and Lethality Capabilities Needed Prior to Making Major Funding Decisions
GAO-16-201: Published: Dec 18, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 18, 2015.
The lethality and survivability of the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) is still largely unproven, 6 years after delivery of the lead ships. LCS was designed with reduced requirements as compared to other surface combatants, and the Navy has since lowered several survivability and lethality requirements and removed several design features—making the ship both less survivable in its expected threat env...
Operational Contract Support: Additional Actions Needed to Manage, Account for, and Vet Defense Contractors in Africa
GAO-16-105: Published: Dec 17, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2015.
U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) has established a formal operational contract support (OCS) organizational structure at its headquarters to serve as the central coordination point to manage, plan for, and assess OCS. However, except for U.S. Army Africa, AFRICOM's subordinate commands do not have OCS organizational structures with dedicated personnel to manage OCS. Officials from AFRICOM's subordina...
Defense Acquisition Workforce: Actions Needed to Guide Planning Efforts and Improve Workforce Capability
GAO-16-80: Published: Dec 14, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has increased the size of its acquisition workforce from about 126,000 in September 2008 to about 153,000 in March 2015. The growth was accomplished by hiring additional civilian personnel, insourcing work previously performed by contractors, adding more military personnel, and re-categorizing existing positions. However, 6 of the 13 acquisition career fields, inclu...
Nuclear Weapons Sustainment: Improvements Made to Budget Estimates Report, but Opportunities Remain to Further Enhance Transparency
GAO-16-23: Published: Dec 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2015.
The fiscal year 2016 joint report, submitted to Congress by the Department of Defense (DOD) and the Department of Energy (DOE) in April 2015, includes 10-year budget estimates for sustaining and modernizing U.S. nuclear weapons. These estimates are generally consistent with the departments' internal funding and modernization plans—with some exceptions. GAO could not fully verify that DOD's comma...