Defense capabilities (71 - 80 of 1,161 items)
Military Compensation: DOD Needs More Complete and Consistent Data to Assess the Costs and Policies of Relocating Personnel
GAO-15-713: Published: Sep 9, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has experienced an overall increase in Permanent Change of Station (PCS) per-move costs since 2001. GAO's analysis of DOD budget data shows that average PCS per-move costs, after accounting for inflation, increased by 28 percent from fiscal years 2001 to 2014. However, GAO's review of the services' annual budget materials found that the services have not reported co...
Military Personnel: Additional Steps Are Needed to Strengthen DOD's Oversight of Ethics and Professionalism Issues
GAO-15-711: Published: Sep 3, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 3, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has a management framework to help oversee its existing ethics program and has initiated steps to establish such a framework to oversee its professionalism-related programs and initiatives, but its efforts could be strengthened in both areas.DOD has a decentralized structure to administer and oversee its existing, required compliance-based ethics program, which focu...
Weapon System Acquisitions: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Department of Defense's Portfolio Management
GAO-15-466: Published: Aug 27, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 27, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) is not effectively using portfolio management to optimize its weapon system investments, as evidenced by affordability challenges in areas such as shipbuilding and potential duplication among some of its programs. Best practices recommend assessing investments collectively from an enterprise-wide perspective and integrating requirements, acquisition, and budget info...
Regionally Aligned Forces: DOD Could Enhance Army Brigades' Efforts in Africa by Improving Activity Coordination and Mission-Specific Preparation
GAO-15-568: Published: Aug 26, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 26, 2015.
U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) identifies and synchronizes security cooperation activities through various planning processes, but the brigades allocated to AFRICOM sometimes lack key information about these activities. The brigades have conducted hundreds of security cooperation activities, such as exercises with partner nations, throughout Africa. As part of AFRICOM's planning processes, the Offi...
Electronic Health Records: Outcome-Oriented Metrics and Goals Needed to Gauge DOD's and VA's Progress in Achieving Interoperability
GAO-15-530: Published: Aug 13, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2015.
The Departments of Defense (DOD) and Veterans Affairs (VA), with guidance from the Interagency Program Office (IPO) that is tasked with facilitating the departments' efforts to share health information, have taken actions to increase interoperability between their electronic health record systems. Among other things, DOD and VA have initiated work focused on near-term objectives, including standar...
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: The Air Force Needs to Adopt an Incremental Approach to Future Acquisition Planning to Enable Incorporation of Lessons Learned
GAO-15-623: Published: Aug 11, 2015. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 2015.
The Air Force intends to make significant changes to its acquisition approach for acquiring launch services under the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program which will alter its current access and insights into certain cost and performance data. The United Launch Alliance (ULA)—EELV's incumbent provider—currently provides national security space launch services under a cost-reimburse...
Army Reserve Components: Improvements Needed to Data Quality and Management Procedures to Better Report Soldier Availability
GAO-15-626: Published: Jul 31, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2015.
The Army reserve components do not have complete, accurate, and timely information to report soldiers' non-availability rates. In January 2015, the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard reported overall non-availability rates of 22 and 21 percent, respectively. However, GAO analyzed a limited number of medical, training, and administrative availability-related variables for all 85,000 soldiers...
Facilities Modernization: DOD Guidance and Processes Reflect Leading Practices for Capital Planning
GAO-15-489: Published: Jul 27, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 27, 2015.
In 2005, the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) developed the Facilities Modernization Model (the model) to estimate the Department of Defense's (DOD) annual-funding requirements for modernization. However, OSD officials stated that they decided in 2009 not to implement the model and identified two primary reasons for their decision. First, OSD senior leadership determined the model was base...
Defense Logistics: Improved Data and Information Sharing Could Aid in DOD's Management of Ammunition Categorized for Disposal
GAO-15-538: Published: Jul 21, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) maintains information on its excess, obsolete, and unserviceable conventional ammunition for the military services and shares this information on a limited basis with other government agencies, but its management of its conventional ammunition awaiting demilitarization and disposal (CAD) stockpile can be strengthened in two areas.The Army uses its Logistics Moderniz...
Military Personnel: DOD Is Expanding Combat Service Opportunities for Women, but Should Monitor Long-Term Integration Progress
GAO-15-589: Published: Jul 20, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 2015.
The military services and U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) have opened selected positions and occupations to women since January 2013, as shown in the table below, and are determining whether to open the remaining closed positions and occupations. The services and SOCOM also are conducting studies to identify and mitigate potential integration challenges in areas such as unit cohesion, wome...