Defense capabilities (1 - 10 of 1,161 items)
Building Partner Capacity: Inventory of Department of Defense Security Cooperation and Department of State Security Assistance Efforts
GAO-17-255R: Published: Mar 24, 2017. Publicly Released: Mar 24, 2017.
Since 9/11, the Departments of Defense and State have worked to build the capacity of foreign partners to address security threats—for example, by training and equipping foreign security forces. However, the rapid increase in these efforts has led to questions about whether these agencies are adequately coordinating (and not duplicating) efforts. We conducted an inventory and found 194 DOD and...
Defense Civil Support: DOD, HHS, and DHS Should Use Existing Coordination Mechanisms to Improve Their Pandemic Preparedness
GAO-17-150: Published: Feb 10, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2017.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has developed guidance and plans to direct its efforts to provide assistance in support of civil authorities—in particular the Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Homeland Security (DHS)—in the event of a domestic outbreak of a pandemic disease. For example, the Department of Defense Global Campaign Plan for Pandemic Influenza and Infectious Dise...
Military Compensation: Additional Actions Are Needed to Better Manage Special and Incentive Pay Programs
GAO-17-39: Published: Feb 3, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 3, 2017.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) special and incentive (S&I) pay obligations for active duty servicemembers decreased from fiscal years 2005 through 2015 from $5.8 billion to $3.4 billion (about 42 percent) in constant 2015 dollars (see fig.). DOD officials attributed the decrease to a combination of reduced overseas contingency operations, a reduced annual average strength of the force, and a fa...
Overseas Contingency Operations: Observations on the Use of Force Management Levels in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria
GAO-17-246T: Published: Dec 1, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 1, 2016.
Military officials planning for and executing operations under force management levels have taken various actions to maximize military capabilities deployed to countries under those limits, as discussed below:Increased Engagement with Partner Nation Security Forces. The Department of Defense (DOD) has increased its engagement with partner nations through advise-and-assist missions that rely on pa...
Depot Maintenance: Improvements to DOD's Biennial Core Report Could Better Inform Oversight and Funding Decisions
GAO-17-81: Published: Nov 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 28, 2016.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) 2016 Biennial Core Report to Congress complied with two of the three reporting elements required by Section 2464—core capability requirements and planned workload. It partially complied with the third element—a detailed explanation or rationale for shortfalls and accompanying mitigation plans—because DOD did not include rationales and mitigation plans for al...
Joint Information Environment: DOD Needs to Strengthen Governance and Management [Reissued on October 25, 2016]
GAO-16-593: Published: Jul 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) plans to spend almost $1 billion by the end of this fiscal year to implement one element of the Joint Information Environment (JIE); however, the department has not fully defined JIE's scope or expected cost. Officials reported that assessing the cost of JIE is complex because of the size and the complexity of the department's infrastructure and JIE's implementation...
Nuclear Weapons: DOD Assessed the Need for Each Leg of the Strategic Triad and Considered Other Reductions to Nuclear Forces
GAO-16-740: Published: Sep 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) assessed the need for each leg of the strategic triad in support of the 2010 Nuclear Posture Review and considered other reductions to nuclear forces in subsequent reviews. The department identified advantages of each leg of the triad and concluded that retaining all three would help maintain strategic deterrence and stability. The advantages DOD identified include...
Defense Health Care Reform: DOD Needs Further Analysis of the Size, Readiness, and Efficiency of the Medical Force
GAO-16-820: Published: Sep 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2016.
The Department of Defense's (DOD) approach in its Report on Military Health System Modernization (the Study) did not consistently follow relevant generally accepted research standards for research design and execution. While the Study's recommendations position DOD, over time, to take actions to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the Military Health System, GAO found a number of shortco...
Military Readiness: DOD's Readiness Rebuilding Efforts May Be at Risk without a Comprehensive Plan
GAO-16-841: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) recognizes that more than a decade of conflict, budget uncertainty, and force structure reductions have degraded military readiness, and the department has efforts under way to manage the impact of deployments on readiness. The military services have reported persistently low readiness levels, which they have attributed to emerging and continued demands on their for...
Whistleblower Protection: DOD Has Improved Oversight for Reprisal Investigations but Can Take Additional Actions to Standardize Process and Reporting
GAO-16-860T: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2016.
The Department of Defense Office of Inspector General (DODIG) has taken actions to improve its tracking of the timeliness of military whistleblower reprisal investigations in response to recommendations that GAO made in 2012 and 2015. For example, in 2012 and 2015, GAO found that DOD was not meeting its internal requirement to complete whistleblower reprisal investigations within 180 days, with ca...