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National Defense (51 - 60 of 7,546 items)
Bulk Fuel: Actions Needed to Improve DOD's Fuel Consumption Budget Data
GAO-16-644: Published: Sep 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2016.
The military services' total obligations for fuel consumption spending decreased from a high of about $13 billion in fiscal year 2012 to a low of about $10.1 billion in fiscal year 2015 but differed from budget estimates, which officials largely attributed to changes in operations and training that affected fuel consumption. Specifically, each of the military services either over- or underestimate...
Defense Infrastructure: Actions Needed to Enhance Oversight of Construction Projects Supporting Military Contingency Operations
GAO-16-406: Published: Sep 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2016.
Since contingency operations began in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Department of Defense (DOD) has not tracked the universe and cost of all U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM) contingency construction projects supporting operations there. According to senior DOD officials DOD is not required to track all contingency construction projects separately from all other DOD projects, but DOD has been able to gen...
DOD Renewable Energy Projects: Improved Guidance Needed for Analyzing and Documenting Costs and Benefits
GAO-16-487: Published: Sep 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has emphasized working with private developers using a variety of alternative financing mechanisms—that is, agreements with private developers to pay back the costs of the projects over time—to develop renewable energy projects greater than 1 megawatt. According to DOD officials, DOD works with private developers because doing so gives DOD several advantages. Fo...
Military Readiness: DOD's Readiness Rebuilding Efforts May Be at Risk without a Comprehensive Plan
GAO-16-841: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) recognizes that more than a decade of conflict, budget uncertainty, and force structure reductions have degraded military readiness, and the department has efforts under way to manage the impact of deployments on readiness. The military services have reported persistently low readiness levels, which they have attributed to emerging and continued demands on their for...
Whistleblower Protection: DOD Has Improved Oversight for Reprisal Investigations but Can Take Additional Actions to Standardize Process and Reporting
GAO-16-860T: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 7, 2016.
The Department of Defense Office of Inspector General (DODIG) has taken actions to improve its tracking of the timeliness of military whistleblower reprisal investigations in response to recommendations that GAO made in 2012 and 2015. For example, in 2012 and 2015, GAO found that DOD was not meeting its internal requirement to complete whistleblower reprisal investigations within 180 days, with ca...
Defense Civil Support: DOD Needs to Identify National Guard's Cyber Capabilities and Address Challenges in Its Exercises
GAO-16-574: Published: Sep 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2016.
National Guard units have developed capabilities that could be used, if requested and approved, to support civil authorities in a cyber incident; however, the Department of Defense (DOD) does not have visibility of all National Guard units' capabilities for this support. GAO found three types of cyber capabilities that exist in National Guard units:Communications directorates : These organization...
Patriot Modernization: Oversight Mechanism Needed to Track Progress and Provide Accountability
GAO-16-488: Published: Aug 25, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 25, 2016.
While the currently fielded version of the Army's Patriot surface-to-air missile system is an improvement over prior versions, the Army currently plans to spend about $2.9 billion between fiscal years 2013 and 2021 on an upgrade strategy to address a variety of capability needs. These efforts are intended to improve the system's performance, reliability, and communications as well as address obsol...
Force Structure: Better Information Needed to Support Air Force A-10 and Other Future Divestment Decisions
GAO-16-816: Published: Aug 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 2016.
The Department of Defense (DOD) and Air Force do not have quality information on the full implications of A-10 divestment, including gaps that could be created by A-10 divestment and mitigation options. While A-10 pilots are recognized as the Air Force experts in providing close air support (CAS) to friendly forces, the A-10 and its pilots also perform other missions that are important to ongoing...
DOD Financial Management: Improvements Needed in the Navy's Audit Readiness Efforts for Fund Balance with Treasury
GAO-16-47: Published: Aug 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 19, 2016.
The Navy has made progress in performing audit readiness activities, including developing a financial improvement plan (FIP) for its Fund Balance with Treasury (FBWT). These activities are critical to the Navy's General Fund Statement of Budgetary Resources (SBR) improvement efforts. The Navy's FBWT FIP is particularly important as it addresses improvement efforts across multiple business processe...
Army Training: Efforts to Adjust Training Requirements Should Consider the Use of Virtual Training Devices
GAO-16-636: Published: Aug 16, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 16, 2016.
In 2010, the Army began modifying its training priorities and goals to support a broader range of military operations and is currently implementing five initiatives intended to further define training requirements and resources. GAO identified nine Army training priorities, such as training in an environment that replicates the complex battlefield that its units would experience during combat. Arm...