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Justice and Law Enforcement (41 - 50 of 65 items) in Past Year
Program Integrity: Views on the Use of Commercial Data Services to Help Identify Fraud and Improper Payments
GAO-16-624: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2016.
Officials from selected federal agencies told GAO that using commercial data services can help their agencies improve the efficiency of program integrity activities. For example, Internal Revenue Service (IRS) officials told GAO that using commercial data service providers to provide web and phone-based services to help authenticate certain taxpayer's identities likely allowed their staff to focus...
Human Trafficking: Agencies Have Taken Steps to Assess Prevalence, Address Victim Issues, and Avoid Grant Duplication
GAO-16-555: Published: Jun 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2016.
Federal agencies have begun efforts to assess the prevalence of human trafficking in the United States and develop data standards and definitions to help facilitate prevalence studies. For example, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is sponsoring the Human Trafficking Data Collection Project, which seeks to inform the development of an integrated data collection platform regarding h...
Human Trafficking: Implementation of Related Statutory Provisions, Law Enforcement Efforts, and Grant Funding
GAO-16-748T: Published: Jun 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2016.
GAO identified 105 provisions across six human trafficking-related statutes that called for the establishment of a program or initiative. Many of the provisions identified more than one entity that is responsible for implementing the programs or initiatives. The breakdown of whether or not federal entities reported taking actions to implement these provisions is as follows:For 91 provisions, all r...
Federal Prison System: Justice Has Used Alternatives to Incarceration, But Could Better Measure Program Outcomes
GAO-16-516: Published: Jun 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2016.
Department of Justice (DOJ) and federal judiciary officials reported considering numerous factors when using alternatives to incarceration at or before an offender's sentencing, but DOJ does not reliably track the use of some alternatives. A variety of alternatives can be used for offenders at or before sentencing, such as referral to state and local prosecutors, pretrial release, and probation. O...
Identity Theft and Tax Fraud: IRS Needs to Update Its Risk Assessment for the Taxpayer Protection Program
GAO-16-508: Published: May 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2016.
Taxpayer Protection Program (TPP). While the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has made efforts to strengthen TPP—a program to authenticate the identities of suspicious tax return filers and prevent identity theft (IDT) refund fraud—fraudsters are still able to pass through and obtain fraudulent refunds. TPP authenticates taxpayers by asking questions only a real taxpayer should know; however, fr...
Drug Enforcement Administration: Additional Actions Needed to Address Prior GAO Recommendations
GAO-16-737T: Published: Jun 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 22, 2016.
In three reports issued during 2015, GAO made eleven recommendations to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) related to administering the quota process for controlled substances, providing information and guidance to registrants, and complying with guidelines for overseeing confidential informants. As of June 2016, DEA had taken some actions to address these recommendations but had fully impl...
Controlled Substances: DEA Should Take Additional Actions to Reduce Risks in Monitoring the Continued Eligibility of Its Registrants
GAO-16-310: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 21, 2016.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has established controls for determining registrant eligibility to handle and prescribe controlled substances. However, GAO found limitations in DEA's controls to help ensure that individual registrants are and remain eligible and do not present issues that may increase the risk of illicit diversion. GAO's examination of DEA's controlled substances databas...
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Enhanced Detection Tools and Reporting to Combat Recipient Fraud Are in Development
GAO-16-719T: Published: Jun 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2016.
In 2014, GAO found that selected states employed a range of tools to detect potential Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipient fraud, but they faced challenges, including inadequate staffing levels, that limited the effectiveness of their actions, and the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) lacked data about the states' efforts. The 11 states GAO studied reported using detection too...
Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains: Opportunities May Exist to Share Information More Efficiently
GAO-16-515: Published: Jun 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2016.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) National Crime Information Center (NCIC) database includes criminal justice agency information and access to such data is restricted to authorized users. In contrast, the Department of Justice's (DOJ) National Institute of Justice (NIJ) funds and oversees the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System (NamUs), a database for which the public may re...
U.S. Supreme Court: Policies and Perspectives on Video and Audio Coverage of Appellate Court Proceedings
GAO-16-437: Published: Apr 28, 2016. Publicly Released: May 31, 2016.
The U.S. Supreme Court (the Court) posts audio recordings of oral arguments on its website at the end of each argument week, but does not provide video coverage of these arguments. In addition, starting in 2000, the Court began granting requests for access to audio recordings of oral arguments on the same day arguments are heard in selected cases. As of October 4, 2015, the Court had received medi...