Law enforcement (1 - 10 of 43 items)
Cigarette Smuggling: Federal Law Enforcement Efforts and Seizures Increasing
GAO-04-641: Published: May 28, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2004.
Illegal trafficking in cigarettes can generate enormous profits and is purportedly a multibillion dollar a year enterprise. As cigarette taxes increase, so do the incentives for criminal organizations to smuggle cigarettes into the United States. Cigarette smuggling results in lost tax revenues, undermines government health policy objectives, can attract sophisticated and organized criminal groups...
Appointment and Qualifications of U.S. Marshals
GAO-03-499R: Published: Apr 2, 2003. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2003.
The U.S. Marshal Service was created by the first Congress in the Judiciary Act of 1789. U.S. Marshals were placed in each federal judicial district and were given broad authority to support the federal courts and to carry out all lawful orders issued by judges, Congress, and the President. Early duties of U.S. Marshals included taking the census, distributing presidential proclamations, protectin...
Information Concerning Tax-Motivated Expatriation
GGD-00-110R: Published: May 1, 2000. Publicly Released: Jun 19, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on tax-motivated expatriation, focusing on: (1) the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) procedures relevant to the enforcement of tax-motivated expatriate rules related to income, estate, and gift taxes; (2) IRS' procedures for using the private letter ruling process; and (3) Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) and Department of Sta...
Health Care Fraud: Information-Sharing Proposals to Improve Enforcement Efforts
GGD-96-101: Published: May 1, 1996. Publicly Released: May 1, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed: (1) the extent of federal and state immunity laws protecting persons who report health care fraud; and (2) evidence for and against establishing a centralized health care fraud database.GAO found that: (1) there are no federal immunity protections for persons who report alleged health care fraud to law enforcement agencies; (2) the only federal p...
Law Enforcement Block Grant Awards
HEHS-95-169R: Published: Jun 9, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the formula grant amounts provided for in the proposed Local Government Law Enforcement Block Grants Act, focusing on those governments affected by the Chabot-Lofgren amendment. GAO noted that: (1) about 6 percent of all eligible governments would be affected by the amendment, although these governments would receive about 53 percent...
Electronic Surveillance: Technologies Continue to Pose Challenges
T-AIMD-94-173: Published: Aug 11, 1994. Publicly Released: Aug 11, 1994.
GAO discussed proposed legislation to preserve law enforcement agencies' ability to conduct court-approved wire-taps. GAO noted that: (1) the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other law enforcement agencies have reasonably defined their capability requirements for new telecommunications technologies, but they have yet to precisely define their capacity requirements; (2) the proposed legislation...
Private Pensions: Most Underfunded Plan Sponsors Are Not Making Additional Contributions
T-HRD-93-16: Published: Apr 20, 1993. Publicly Released: Apr 20, 1993.
GAO discussed defined benefit pension plan funding issues. GAO noted that: (1) funding for underfunded plans is not improving, since the number of underfunded plans and the amount of underfunding increased from 1989 to 1991; (2) of 60 underfunded plans sampled, one-third are making additional contributions under an Internal Revenue Code provision, and the remaining plans do not make additional con...
FBI: Advanced Communications Technologies Pose Wiretapping Challenges
IMTEC-92-68BR: Published: Jul 17, 1992. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO evaluated the: (1) technological alternatives available to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to wiretap voice and data communications; (2) telecommunications network changes needed to accommodate the least detectable wiretaps; and (3) estimated cost of developing and implementing such changes.GAO found that: (1) the technologies in use and the locat...
Customs Service: Comments on the Customs Modernization and Informed Compliance Act
T-GGD-92-22: Published: Mar 10, 1992. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 1992.
GAO discussed proposed legislation that would authorize a National Customs Automation Program (NCAP) to electronically process imported goods. GAO noted that NCAP would also establish NCAP goals to ensure that all customs regulations and rulings are administered and enforced in a manner that: (1) is uniform and consistent; (2) is minimally intrusive on the normal flow of business activity; and (3)...
Drug Control: Implementation of the Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act of 1988
GGD-91-56BR: Published: Apr 3, 1991. Publicly Released: May 8, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Drug Enforcement Administration's (DEA) implementation of the Chemical Diversion and Trafficking Act of 1988 (CDTA), enacted to increase the regulation and detection of legally manufactured chemicals used to manufacture and process illegal drugs.GAO found that: (1) CDTA did not require chemical handlers to register with the federal government;...