Program evaluation (81 - 90 of 600 items)
Electronic Payments: Many Programs Electronically Disburse Federal Benefits, and More Outreach Could Increase Use
GAO-08-645: Published: Jun 23, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2008.
Traditionally, federal agencies made benefit payments by paper check, but they faced increased pressure to reduce costs and increase the convenience, security, and timeliness of payment delivery. In response to a 1996 congressional mandate, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Food Stamp Program implemented Electronic Benefit Transfer (EBT) to distribute food stamps. According to agency evaluation...
Privacy: Alternatives Exist for Enhancing Protection of Personally Identifiable Information
GAO-08-536: Published: May 19, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2008.
The centerpiece of the federal government's legal framework for privacy protection, the Privacy Act of 1974, provides safeguards for information maintained by federal agencies. In addition, the E-Government Act of 2002 requires federal agencies to conduct privacy impact assessments for systems or collections containing personal information. GAO was asked to determine whether laws and guidance cons...
Privacy: Congress Should Consider Alternatives for Strengthening Protection of Personally Identifiable Information
GAO-08-795T: Published: Jun 18, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2008.
Concerns have been raised about the privacy and security of personal information in light of advances in information technology and the increasingly sophisticated ways in which the government obtains and uses information. Federal agencies' use of personal information is governed by the Privacy Act of 1974 and the E-Government Act of 2002, while the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provides im...
Emergency Management: Observations on DHS's Preparedness for Catastrophic Disasters
GAO-08-868T: Published: Jun 11, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 11, 2008.
The Homeland Security Act was enacted in November 2002, creating the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to improve homeland security following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States. The act centralized the leadership of many homeland security activities under a single federal department and, accordingly, DHS has the dominant role in implementing this national strategy....
September 11: HHS Needs to Develop a Plan That Incorporates Lessons from the Responder Health Programs
GAO-08-610: Published: May 30, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2008.
Following the World Trade Center (WTC) attack, the Congress appropriated more than $8 billion to the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Federal Emergency Management Agency for response and recovery activities. The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) received some of this funding to establish health screening and monitoring programs for responders to the disaster and later received a...
Prison Construction: Clear Communication on the Accuracy of Cost Estimates and Project Changes is Needed
GAO-08-634: Published: May 29, 2008. Publicly Released: May 29, 2008.
The federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is responsible for the custody and care of more than 201,000 federal offenders. To provide housing for the federal prison population, BOP manages the construction and maintenance of its prison facilities and oversees contract facilities. GAO was asked to look into recent increases in estimated costs for Federal Correctional Institution (FCI) construction project...
Legal Services Corporation: Improvements Needed in Governance, Accountability, and Grants Management and Oversight
GAO-08-833T: Published: May 22, 2008. Publicly Released: May 22, 2008.
This testimony discuss GAO's recent reviews of Legal Services Corporation's (LSC) governance, accountability and grants management practices. LSC's mission is to make federal funding available to provide legal assistance in civil matters to low-income people throughout the United States on everyday legal problems. LSC pursues this mission by providing financial assistance, mostly through grants to...
Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Federal Actions Needed to Ensure Safety and Expand Their Potential Uses within the National Airspace System
GAO-08-511: Published: May 15, 2008. Publicly Released: May 15, 2008.
Government and private-sector interest is growing in unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) for use in a variety of missions such as U.S. border protection, hurricane research, law enforcement, and real estate photography. However, UASs can fly only after the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) conducts a case-by-case safety analysis. GAO's research questions included (1) What are the current and poten...
U.S. Capitol Police: Status of Efforts to Address Prior GAO Recommendations on Administrative and Management Operations
GAO-08-540T: Published: May 1, 2008. Publicly Released: May 1, 2008.
The United States Capitol Police (USCP) is responsible for securing the 276-acre Capitol Complex, including protecting Members of Congress, visitors, and congressional facilities. In response to heightened security concerns, various requests, and legislative mandates over the years, GAO has reported on management control problems in five key areas: (1) establishing an accountability framework for...
Traffic Safety: Improved Reporting and Performance Measures Would Enhance Evaluation of High-Visibility Campaigns
GAO-08-477: Published: Apr 25, 2008. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2008.
Two primary risk behaviors related to fatal traffic crashes are failure to use safety belts and driving while impaired by alcohol. High-visibility enforcement (HVE) campaigns that combine enforcement of a traffic safety law with media to inform the public about the campaign are effective in reducing these behaviors. In 2005, the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A L...