Crime prevention (1 - 10 of 93 items)
Human Trafficking: Actions Taken to Implement Related Statutory Provisions
GAO-16-528R: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
Human trafficking involves the exploitation of a person typically through force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of forced labor, involuntary servitude, or commercial sex. Human trafficking victims include women, men and transgender individuals; adults and children; and foreign nationals and U.S. citizens or nationals who are diverse with respect to race, ethnicity, and sexuality, among other f...
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives: Enhancing Data Collection Could Improve Management of Investigations
GAO-14-553: Published: Jun 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2014.
Since fiscal year 2003, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), within the Department of Justice, has been focusing more on decreasing violent crime. Beginning in 2010, ATF made criminal organization investigations one of its highest priorities, similar to firearms investigations, and deemphasized alcohol and tobacco investigations that do not involve violent crime. ATF data...
Child Welfare: Federal Agencies Can Better Support State Efforts to Prevent and Respond to Sexual Abuse by School Personnel
GAO-14-42: Published: Jan 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2014.
To help prevent the sexual abuse of students in public K-12 schools, 46 of the 50 states and the District of Columbia surveyed by GAO required background checks of applicants--such as teachers or bus drivers--seeking public school employment; however, the methods and sources varied widely. Forty-two states established professional standards or codes of conduct for school personnel, and 22 of those...
Status of Funding for the Central America Regional Security Initiative
GAO-13-295R: Published: Jan 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Jan 30, 2013.
As of September 30, 2011, of the $350 million that U.S. agencies had allocated to support CARSI activities, the Department of State (State) and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) had disbursed over $75 million of INCLE, ESF, and NADR funds. In addition, State had committed almost $22 million of FMF funds to support CARSI activities. The two principal accounts for CARSI...
Visa Security: Additional Actions Needed to Strengthen Overstay Enforcement and Address Risks in the Visa Process
GAO-11-910T: Published: Sep 13, 2011. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2011.
The attempted bombing of an airline on December 25, 2009, by a Nigerian citizen with a valid U.S. visa renewed concerns about the security of the visa process. Further, unauthorized immigrants who entered the country legally on a temporary basis but then overstayed their authorized periods of admission--overstays--could pose homeland security risks. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has ce...
Organized Retail Crime: Private Sector and Law Enforcement Collaborate to Deter and Investigate Theft
GAO-11-675: Published: Jun 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 2011.
Each year organized groups of professional shoplifters steal or fraudulently obtain billions of dollars in merchandise to resell in an activity known as organized retail crime (ORC). These stolen goods can also be sold on online marketplaces, a practice known as "e-fencing." GAO was asked to assess ORC and e-fencing. This report addresses: (1) types of efforts that select retailers, state and loca...
Combating Child Pornography: Steps Are Needed to Ensure That Tips to Law Enforcement Are Useful and Forensic Examinations Are Cost Effective
GAO-11-334: Published: Mar 31, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2011.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) reports that online child pornography crime has increased. DOJ funds the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (NCMEC), which maintains the CyberTipline to receive child pornography tips. The Providing Resources, Officers, and Technology To Eradicate Cyber Threats to Our Children Act of 2008 (the Act) contains provisions to facilitate these investigatio...
Oversight of DOJ Funds for Recreational Activities
GAO-10-661R: Published: Jun 18, 2010. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2010.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) awards an array of law enforcement and criminal justice grants to states, localities, and private and not-for-profit organizations to help prevent crime in their communities. From fiscal years 2008 through 2009, DOJ's Office of Justice Programs (OJP) awarded over 7,900 grants totaling over $4.2 billion. Some DOJ grant programs emphasize the prevention of crime and j...
Combating Gangs: Federal Agencies Have Implemented a Central American Gang Strategy, but Could Strengthen Oversight and Measurement of Efforts
GAO-10-395: Published: Apr 23, 2010. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2010.
Thousands of gang members in the United States belong to gangs such as MS-13 and 18th Street that are also active in Central American countries. Federal entities with responsibilities for addressing Central American gangs include the National Security Council (NSC); the Departments of Homeland Security (DHS), Justice (DOJ), and State; and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). GAO...
Status of Funds for the Merida Initiative
GAO-10-253R: Published: Dec 3, 2009. Publicly Released: Dec 3, 2009.
Violence along the U.S.-Mexico border has escalated in recent years because of drug trafficking and related organized crime activities, with over 12,000 fatalities since 2006. At the same time, gang activity in Central America has increased, further fueling the violence within the region. In an effort to confront the challenges posed by criminal violence, in October 2007, the United States and Mex...