Federal regulations (71 - 80 of 589 items)
International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005: Agencies Have Implemented Some, but Not All of the Act's Requirements
GAO-08-862: Published: Aug 8, 2008. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 2008.
The International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005 (IMBRA) was enacted to address issues of domestic violence and abuse against noncitizens (beneficiaries) married or engaged to U.S. citizens (petitioners) who have petitioned for them to immigrate to the U.S., including those who met through an international marriage broker (IMB). IMBRA mandated that GAO study the act's impact on the visa pr...
Fair Labor Standards Act: Better Use of Available Resources and Consistent Reporting Could Improve Compliance
GAO-08-962T: Published: Jul 15, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2008.
Over 130 million workers are protected from substandard wages and working conditions by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). This act contains specific provisions to ensure that workers are paid the federal minimum wage and for overtime, and that youth are protected from working too many hours and from hazardous conditions. The Department of Labor's Wage and Hour Division (WHD) is responsible for...
Nuclear Security: NRC and DHS Need to Take Additional Steps to Better Track and Detect Radioactive Materials
GAO-08-598: Published: Jun 19, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 14, 2008.
Concerns have grown that terrorists could use radioactive materials and sealed sources (materials sealed in a capsule) to build a "dirty bomb"-- a device using conventional explosives to disperse radioactive material. In 2003, GAO found weaknesses in the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) radioactive materials licensing process and made recommendations for improvement. For this report, GAO asse...
Initial Results on Availability of Terrorism Insurance in Specific Geographic Markets
GAO-08-919R: Published: Jul 11, 2008. Publicly Released: Jul 11, 2008.
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, on the World Trade Center in New York City and the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia, are estimated to have resulted in insured losses amounting to $32.5 billion. Subsequent to the attacks, insurers largely stopped offering terrorism insurance coverage to commercial property owners, which raised significant concerns about potential negative economic conse...
Privacy: Agencies Should Ensure That Designated Senior Officials Have Oversight of Key Functions
GAO-08-603: Published: May 30, 2008. Publicly Released: Jun 18, 2008.
Government agencies have a long-standing obligation under the Privacy Act of 1974 to protect the privacy of individuals about whom they collect personal information. A number of additional laws have been enacted in recent years directing agency heads to designate senior officials as focal points with overall responsibility for privacy. GAO was asked to (1) describe laws and guidance that set requi...
Unmanned Aircraft Systems: Federal Actions Needed to Ensure Safety and Expand Their Potential Uses within the National Airspace System
GAO-08-511: Published: May 15, 2008. Publicly Released: May 15, 2008.
Government and private-sector interest is growing in unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) for use in a variety of missions such as U.S. border protection, hurricane research, law enforcement, and real estate photography. However, UASs can fly only after the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) conducts a case-by-case safety analysis. GAO's research questions included (1) What are the current and poten...
Utility Regulation: Opportunities Exist to Improve Oversight
GAO-08-752T: Published: May 1, 2008. Publicly Released: May 1, 2008.
Under the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 (PUHCA 1935) and other laws, federal agencies and state commissions have traditionally regulated utilities to protect consumers from supply disruptions and unfair pricing. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct) repealed PUHCA 1935, removing some limitations on the companies that could merge with or invest in utilities, and leaving the Federal Ene...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Opportunities Exist to Improve Oversight of Self-Regulatory Organizations
GAO-08-33: Published: Nov 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2007.
Self-regulatory organizations (SRO) are exchanges and associations that operate and govern the markets, and that are subject to oversight by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Among other things, SROs monitor the markets, investigate and discipline members involved in improper trading, and make referrals to SEC regarding suspicious trades by nonmembers. For industry self-regulation to f...
Plum Island Animal Disease Center: DHS Has Made Significant Progress Implementing Security Recommendations, but Several Recommendations Remain Open
GAO-08-306R: Published: Dec 17, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2007.
For many years, the Department of Agriculture (USDA) owned and operated the Plum Island Animal Disease Center, located on an island in the Long Island Sound off the coast of New York. Scientists at Plum Island, often with the assistance of scientists from other countries, diagnose the pathogens that cause foreign animal diseases and then conduct research to, among other things, develop vaccines to...
Transportation Security Administration's Processes for Designating and Releasing Sensitive Security Information
GAO-08-232R: Published: Nov 30, 2007. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2007.
Since the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, federal agencies have faced the challenge of protecting sensitive information from terrorists and others without a need to know while sharing this information with parties who are determined to have such a need. One form of protection involves identifying and marking such information sensitive but unclassified--information that is generally restrict...