Data integrity (1 - 10 of 154 items)
Human Trafficking: State Has Made Improvements in Its Annual Report but Does Not Explicitly Explain Certain Tier Rankings or Changes
GAO-17-56: Published: Dec 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 2016.
The Department of State's (State) Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (Trafficking Office) compiles information on countries' actions to combat human trafficking and recommends tier rankings for the Trafficking in Persons Report but did not post information on waivers within mandated timeframes. The figure below shows the percentage of countries by tier in the 2015 and 2016 repor...
Program Integrity: Views on the Use of Commercial Data Services to Help Identify Fraud and Improper Payments
GAO-16-624: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2016.
Officials from selected federal agencies told GAO that using commercial data services can help their agencies improve the efficiency of program integrity activities. For example, Internal Revenue Service (IRS) officials told GAO that using commercial data service providers to provide web and phone-based services to help authenticate certain taxpayer's identities likely allowed their staff to focus...
Identity Theft and Tax Fraud: IRS Needs to Update Its Risk Assessment for the Taxpayer Protection Program
GAO-16-508: Published: May 24, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2016.
Taxpayer Protection Program (TPP). While the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has made efforts to strengthen TPP—a program to authenticate the identities of suspicious tax return filers and prevent identity theft (IDT) refund fraud—fraudsters are still able to pass through and obtain fraudulent refunds. TPP authenticates taxpayers by asking questions only a real taxpayer should know; however, fr...
Immigration Detention: Additional Actions Needed to Strengthen DHS Management of Short-Term Holding Facilities
GAO-16-514: Published: May 26, 2016. Publicly Released: May 26, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) have standards for short-term holding facilities—which are generally designed to keep individuals in custody for 24 hours or less—and some processes to monitor compliance with the standards. For example, each component has policies governing the operation of h...
Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act: CMS Should Act to Strengthen Enrollment Controls and Manage Fraud Risk
GAO-16-29: Published: Feb 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2016.
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) requires applicant information be verified to determine eligibility for enrollment or income-based subsidies. To implement this verification process, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) created an electronic system called the “data services hub” (data hub), which, among other things, provides a single link to federal sources...
Controlled Substances: DEA Needs to Better Manage Its Quota Process and Improve Coordination with FDA
GAO-15-494T: Published: May 5, 2015. Publicly Released: May 5, 2015.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has not effectively administered the quota setting process by which it limits the amount of certain controlled substances available for use in the United States. Each year, manufacturers apply for quotas of controlled substances in order to make certain drugs. DEA, however, has not responded to those applications within the time frames required by its regu...
Criminal History Records: Additional Actions Could Enhance the Completeness of Records Used For Employment-Related Background Checks
GAO-15-162: Published: Feb 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2015.
Most states that responded to GAO's nationwide survey reported conducting Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) criminal history record checks for individuals working with vulnerable populations—such as children and the elderly—and other employment sectors that GAO reviewed (see fig. below). States that did not conduct FBI record checks said this was because the state lacked a designated agenc...
Immigration Benefits: Improvements Needed to Fully Implement the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act
GAO-15-3: Published: Dec 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2014.
The Departments of Homeland Security (DHS), Justice (DOJ), and State (State) have processes to help ensure compliance with the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005 (IMBRA), as amended, but State could better document information on IMBRA disclosures. Specifically, consistent with IMBRA, DHS's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) collects information from petitioners—...
Identity Theft: Additional Actions Could Help IRS Combat the Large, Evolving Threat of Refund Fraud
GAO-14-633: Published: Aug 20, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2014.
Based on preliminary analysis, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) estimates it paid $5.2 billion in fraudulent identity theft (IDT) refunds in filing season 2013, while preventing $24.2 billion (based on what it could detect). The full extent is unknown because of the challenges inherent in detecting IDT refund fraud.IDT refund fraud takes advantage of IRS's “look-back” compliance model. Under...
State Department: Pervasive Passport Fraud Not Identified, but Cases of Potentially Fraudulent and High-Risk Issuances Are under Review
GAO-14-222: Published: May 1, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 2, 2014.
Of the approximately 28 million passports issued in fiscal years 2009 and 2010 that GAO reviewed, it found issuances to applicants who used the identifying information of deceased or incarcerated individuals, had active felony warrants, or used an incorrect Social Security number (SSN); however, GAO did not identify pervasive fraud in these populations. The Department of State (State) has taken st...