Crimes (1 - 10 of 222 items) in Custom Date Range
Human Trafficking: State Has Made Improvements in Its Annual Report but Does Not Explicitly Explain Certain Tier Rankings or Changes
GAO-17-56: Published: Dec 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 2016.
The Department of State's (State) Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (Trafficking Office) compiles information on countries' actions to combat human trafficking and recommends tier rankings for the Trafficking in Persons Report but did not post information on waivers within mandated timeframes. The figure below shows the percentage of countries by tier in the 2015 and 2016 repor...
Confidential Informants: Status of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration's Efforts to Address a GAO Recommendation
GAO-17-265R: Published: Nov 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2016.
The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), an agency within the Department of Justice, has updated its confidential informant policy and corresponding monitoring processes to address provisions in The Attorney Generalâ€™s Guidelines Regarding the Use of Confidential Informants regarding oversight of informantsâ€™ illegal activities. Thus, GAO considers its recommendation from September 2015â€...
Sexual Violence Data: Actions Needed to Improve Clarity and Address Differences Across Federal Data Collection Efforts
GAO-16-546: Published: Jul 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 18, 2016.
Four federal agenciesâ€”the Departments of Defense, Education, Health and Human Services (HHS), and Justice (DOJ)â€”manage at least 10 efforts to collect data on sexual violence, which differ in target population, terminology, measurements, and methodology. Some of these data collection efforts focus on a specific population that the agency servesâ€”for example, the incarcerated populationâ€”while...
Gun Control: Analyzing Available Data Could Help Improve Background Checks Involving Domestic Violence Records
GAO-16-483: Published: Jul 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 5, 2016.
Most of the 50 states submit domestic violence recordsâ€”misdemeanor crime of domestic violence (MCDV) convictions and domestic violence protection ordersâ€”to the Department of Justice's (DOJ) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for use during National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) checks, but states vary in their efforts to identify (â€śflagâ€ť) such records that prohibit an...
Human Trafficking: Agencies Have Taken Steps to Assess Prevalence, Address Victim Issues, and Avoid Grant Duplication
GAO-16-555: Published: Jun 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 28, 2016.
Federal agencies have begun efforts to assess the prevalence of human trafficking in the United States and develop data standards and definitions to help facilitate prevalence studies. For example, the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is sponsoring the Human Trafficking Data Collection Project, which seeks to inform the development of an integrated data collection platform regarding h...
Federal Prison System: Justice Has Used Alternatives to Incarceration, But Could Better Measure Program Outcomes
GAO-16-516: Published: Jun 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2016.
Department of Justice (DOJ) and federal judiciary officials reported considering numerous factors when using alternatives to incarceration at or before an offender's sentencing, but DOJ does not reliably track the use of some alternatives. A variety of alternatives can be used for offenders at or before sentencing, such as referral to state and local prosecutors, pretrial release, and probation. O...
Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains: Opportunities May Exist to Share Information More Efficiently
GAO-16-515: Published: Jun 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2016.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) National Crime Information Center (NCIC) database includes criminal justice agency information and access to such data is restricted to authorized users. In contrast, the Department of Justice's (DOJ) National Institute of Justice (NIJ) funds and oversees the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System (NamUs), a database for which the public may re...
Smartphone Data: Information and Issues Regarding Surreptitious Tracking Apps That Can Facilitate Stalking
GAO-16-317: Published: Apr 21, 2016. Publicly Released: May 9, 2016.
GAO found that the majority of the reviewed websites for smartphone tracking applications (apps) marketed their products to parents or employers to track the location of their children or employees, respectively, or to monitor them in other ways, such as intercepting their smartphone communications. Several tracking apps were marketed to individuals for the purpose of tracking or intercepting the...
Financial Institutions: Fines, Penalties, and Forfeitures for Violations of Financial Crimes and Sanctions Requirements
GAO-16-297: Published: Mar 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 21, 2016.
Since 2009, financial institutions have been assessed about $12 billion in fines, penalties, and forfeitures for violations of Bank Secrecy Act/anti-money- laundering regulations (BSA/AML), Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (FCPA), and U.S. sanctions programs requirements by the federal government. Specifically, GAO found that from January 2009 to December 2015, federal agencies assessed about...
State Marijuana Legalization: DOJ Should Document Its Approach to Monitoring the Effects of Legalization
GAO-16-419T: Published: Apr 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 2016.
Officials from the Department of Justice's (DOJ) Office of the Deputy Attorney General (ODAG) reported monitoring the effects of state marijuana legalization relative to DOJ policy, generally in two ways. First, officials reported that U.S. Attorneys prosecute cases that threaten federal marijuana enforcement priorities (see fig. below) and consult with state officials about areas of federal conce...