Crime (1 - 10 of 96 items) in Custom Date Range
Combating Wildlife Trafficking: Agencies Are Taking a Range of Actions, but the Task Force Lacks Performance Targets for Assessing Progress
GAO-16-717: Published: Sep 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
While criminal elements of all kinds, including some terrorist entities and rogue security personnel, engage in poaching and transporting ivory and rhino horn across Africa, transnational organized criminals are the driving force behind wildlife trafficking, according to reports GAO reviewed and agency officials GAO spoke with in the United States and Africa. Wildlife trafficking can contribute to...
Sexual Violence Data: Actions Needed to Improve Clarity and Address Differences Across Federal Data Collection Efforts
GAO-16-546: Published: Jul 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 18, 2016.
Four federal agencies—the Departments of Defense, Education, Health and Human Services (HHS), and Justice (DOJ)—manage at least 10 efforts to collect data on sexual violence, which differ in target population, terminology, measurements, and methodology. Some of these data collection efforts focus on a specific population that the agency serves—for example, the incarcerated population—while...
Firearms Data: ATF Did Not Always Comply with the Appropriations Act Restriction and Should Better Adhere to Its Policies
GAO-16-552: Published: Jun 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 1, 2016.
To carry out its criminal and regulatory enforcement responsibilities, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) has 25 firearms-related data systems, 16 of which contain retail firearms purchaser information from a federal firearms licensee (FFL)—such as firearms importers and retailers. GAO selected 4 systems for review that are used in the firearms tracing process, based o...
Gun Control: Analyzing Available Data Could Help Improve Background Checks Involving Domestic Violence Records
GAO-16-483: Published: Jul 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 5, 2016.
Most of the 50 states submit domestic violence records—misdemeanor crime of domestic violence (MCDV) convictions and domestic violence protection orders—to the Department of Justice's (DOJ) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for use during National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) checks, but states vary in their efforts to identify (“flag”) such records that prohibit an...
Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains: Opportunities May Exist to Share Information More Efficiently
GAO-16-515: Published: Jun 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 7, 2016.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) National Crime Information Center (NCIC) database includes criminal justice agency information and access to such data is restricted to authorized users. In contrast, the Department of Justice's (DOJ) National Institute of Justice (NIJ) funds and oversees the National Missing and Unidentified Persons System (NamUs), a database for which the public may re...
Sexual Assault: Actions Needed to Improve DOD's Prevention Strategy and to Help Ensure It Is Effectively Implemented
GAO-16-61: Published: Nov 4, 2015. Publicly Released: Nov 4, 2015.
The Department of Defense (DOD) developed its strategy to prevent sexual assault using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) framework for effective sexual-violence prevention strategies, but DOD does not link activities to desired outcomes or fully identify risk and protective factors. Specifically, DOD's strategy identifies 18 prevention-related activities, but they are not linked...
Federal Prison System: Justice Could Better Measure Progress Addressing Incarceration Challenges
GAO-15-454: Published: Jun 19, 2015. Publicly Released: Jun 19, 2015.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) has implemented three key initiatives to address the federal incarceration challenges of overcrowding, rising costs, and offender recidivism, which includes the return of offenders to prison after release. The Smart on Crime Initiative involves multiple DOJ components and has five key goals, one of which involves prioritizing the prosecution of the most serious case...
Criminal History Records: Additional Actions Could Enhance the Completeness of Records Used For Employment-Related Background Checks
GAO-15-162: Published: Feb 12, 2015. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2015.
Most states that responded to GAO's nationwide survey reported conducting Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) criminal history record checks for individuals working with vulnerable populations—such as children and the elderly—and other employment sectors that GAO reviewed (see fig. below). States that did not conduct FBI record checks said this was because the state lacked a designated agenc...
Elections: Issues Related to State Voter Identification Laws [Reissued on February 27, 2015]
GAO-14-634: Published: Sep 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 8, 2014.
The studies GAO reviewed on voter ownership of certain forms of identification (ID) documents show that most registered voters in the states that were the focus of these studies possessed the selected forms of state-issued ID, and the direct costs of required ID vary by state. GAO identified 10 studies of driver's license and state ID ownership, which showed that estimated ownership rates among al...
Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act: Survey of Federally Recognized Tribes on Implementation of the Act (GAO-15-30SP, November 2014), an E-supplement to GAO-15-23
GAO-15-30SP: Published: Nov 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2014.
This e-supplement is a companion to our report titled, Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act: Additional Outreach and Notification of Tribes About Offenders who Are Released from Prison Needed (GAO-15-23). The purpose of this e-supplement is to provide information from GAO's Web-based survey of the tribes that retained their authority to implement the Sex Offender Registration and Notific...