Banking regulation (1 - 10 of 86 items) in Custom Date Range
Financial Institutions: Penalty and Settlement Payments for Mortgage-Related Violations in Selected Cases
GAO-17-11R: Published: Nov 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2016.
GAO reviewed nine selected cases involving alleged mortgage-related violations—violations related to mortgage origination, mortgage servicing, and the packaging or sale of residential mortgage-backed securities—finalized from February 2012 through April 2016. GAO found that the eight federal agencies that played key roles in these cases—the Department of Justice, Department of Housing and Ur...
International Remittances: Money Laundering Risks and Views on Enhanced Customer Verification and Recordkeeping Requirements
GAO-16-65: Published: Jan 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2016.
Financial institutions, such as money transmitters and depository institutions that provide remittance transfers—funds sent from individuals in one country to a recipient in another country—are subject to anti-money laundering (AML) requirements under the Bank Secrecy Act (BSA). For example, these remittance providers must report suspicious and other transactions, and obtain and record informa...
Fair Lending: Data Limitations and the Fragmented U.S. Financial Regulatory Structure Challenge Federal Oversight and Enforcement Efforts
GAO-09-704: Published: Jul 15, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2009.
The Fair Housing Act (FHA) and the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA)--the "fair lending laws"--prohibit discrimination in lending. Responsibility for their oversight is shared among three enforcement agencies--the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and Department of Justice (DOJ)--and five depository institution regulators--the Federal Deposit Insu...
Financial Regulation: Review of Regulators' Oversight of Risk Management Systems at a Limited Number of Large, Complex Financial Institutions
GAO-09-499T: Published: Mar 19, 2009. Publicly Released: Mar 19, 2009.
Financial regulators have an important role in assessing risk management systems at financial institutions. Analyses have identified inadequate risk management at large, complex financial institutions as one of the causes of the current financial crisis. The failure of the institutions to appropriately identify, measure, and manage their risks has raised questions not only about corporate governan...
Financial Regulation: A Framework for Crafting and Assessing Proposals to Modernize the Outdated U.S. Financial Regulatory System
GAO-09-216: Published: Jan 8, 2009. Publicly Released: Jan 8, 2009.
The United States and other countries are in the midst of the worst financial crisis in more than 75 years. While much of the attention of policymakers understandably has been focused on taking short-term steps to address the immediate nature of the crisis, these events have served to strikingly demonstrate that the current U.S. financial regulatory system is in need of significant reform. To help...
Private Equity: Recent Growth in Leveraged Buyouts Exposed Risks That Warrant Continued Attention
GAO-08-885: Published: Sep 9, 2008. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2008.
The increase in leveraged buyouts (LBO) of U.S. companies by private equity funds prior to the slowdown in mid-2007 has raised questions about the potential impact of these deals. Some praise LBOs for creating new governance structures for companies and providing longer term investment opportunities for investors. Others criticize LBOs for causing job losses and burdening companies with too much d...
Credit and Debit Cards: Federal Entities Are Taking Actions to Limit Their Interchange Fees, but Additional Revenue Collection Cost Savings May Exist
GAO-08-558: Published: May 15, 2008. Publicly Released: May 15, 2008.
Federal entities--agencies, corporations, and others--are growing users of credit and debit cards, as both "merchants" (receiving payments) and purchasers. Merchants accepting cards incur fees--called merchant discount fees--paid to banks to process the transactions. For Visa and MasterCard transactions, a large portion of these fees-- referred to as interchange--goes to the card-issuing banks. So...
Securities and Exchange Commission: Opportunities Exist to Improve Oversight of Self-Regulatory Organizations
GAO-08-33: Published: Nov 15, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2007.
Self-regulatory organizations (SRO) are exchanges and associations that operate and govern the markets, and that are subject to oversight by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Among other things, SROs monitor the markets, investigate and discipline members involved in improper trading, and make referrals to SEC regarding suspicious trades by nonmembers. For industry self-regulation to f...
Minority Banks: Regulators' Assessments of the Effectiveness of Their Support Efforts Have Been Limited
GAO-08-233T: Published: Oct 30, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 2007.
Minority banks can play an important role in serving the financial needs of historically underserved communities and growing populations of minorities. For this reason, the Financial Institutions, Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA) established goals that the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) and the Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS) must work toward to preserve and...
Financial Regulation: Industry Trends Continue to Challenge the Federal Regulatory Structure
GAO-08-32: Published: Oct 12, 2007. Publicly Released: Oct 12, 2007.
As the financial services industry has become increasingly concentrated in a number of large, internationally active firms offering an array of products and services, the adequacy of the U.S. financial regulatory system has been questioned. GAO has identified the need to modernize the financial regulatory system as a challenge to be addressed in the 21st century. This report, mandated by the Finan...