Commerce (61 - 70 of 79 items)
Federal Regulation of Medical Devices--Problems Still To Be Overcome
HRD-83-53: Published: Sep 30, 1983. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1983.
GAO discussed the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) efforts to regulate the medical device industry under amendments to the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act, which require FDA to: (1) protect the public against unsafe or ineffective new devices gaining entry to the market; (2) review devices on the market before passage of amendments; and (3) classify all devices according to risk and regulate them...
Payment of Claims Against the Panama Canal
ID-83-34: Published: Mar 4, 1983. Publicly Released: Mar 4, 1983.
During October 1, 1979 to March 31, 1982, the U.S. Attorney for the Panama Canal Zone sent a number of final judgments against the Panama Canal Company by the U.S. District Court for the Canal Zone to GAO for certification and payment from the permanent indefinite appropriation for judgments. The judgments were paid from a permanent judgment appropriation account. GAO reviewed this matter in respo...
Greater Oversight and Uniformity Needed in U.S. Attorneys' Prosecutive Policies
GGD-83-11: Published: Oct 27, 1982. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 1982.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined the Department of Justice's management of prosecutive discretion exercised by U.S. attorneys, the chief Federal prosecutors at the local level.GAO found that Justice has not routinely provided close oversight of their activities, which has resulted in the establishment of differing prosecutive policies and practices throughout the U.S. attorneys' o...
Changes to the Motor Vehicle Recall Program Could Reduce Potential Safety Hazards
CED-82-99: Published: Aug 24, 1982. Publicly Released: Aug 24, 1982.
GAO reported on the Motor Vehicle Recall Program's safety defect investigation process and its owner response rates. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), which administers the program, conducts defect investigations of approximately 50 to 70 percent of the recalled motor vehicles, and the motor vehicle industry voluntarily initiates investigations of the remaining recalls. S...
Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures Should Be Reviewed and Revised
FPCD-82-26: Published: Jul 30, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 1982.
The Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures describe the federal government's position on how tests should be used in making employment decisions which are consistent with federal equal employment opportunity (EEO) laws. This review was made because GAO believes that the guidelines: (1) are important to EEO enforcement; and (2) have been publicly criticized by some of their users. The...
Justice Needs To Address the Problem of Two Personnel Investigations
GGD-82-56: Published: Jul 8, 1982. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 1982.
GAO evaluated the practice of conducting two personnel investigations on all newly hired Bureau of Prisons employees.Since all Bureau of Prisons employees are classified as occupying sensitive positions, new employees must undergo background investigations and obtain security clearances. However, since the Bureau does not consider the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM) full field investigation...
The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention's Special Emphasis Program Has Not Realized Its Full Potential
GGD-82-42: Published: Apr 16, 1982. Publicly Released: Apr 16, 1982.
GAO conducted a review to determine how efficiently and effectively the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention managed the Special Emphasis Prevention and Treatment Program under which grants and contracts can be awarded for: (1) developing and implementing new approaches, techniques, and methods with respect to juvenile delinquency programs; (2) improving the capability of public a...
Additional Efforts Are Needed To Minimize Lease Guarantee Losses
CED-82-57: Published: Apr 6, 1982. Publicly Released: Apr 6, 1982.
GAO evaluated the Small Business Administration's (SBA) efforts to minimize losses of lease guarantee defaults.GAO found that, for the majority of default cases, lease guarantee losses are minimized through re-rentals or settlements. However, the SBA efforts to manage some lease guarantee defaults have not been adequate to assure that its losses are minimized. SBA standard operating procedures req...
Improving COBOL Application Can Recover Significant Computer Resources
AFMD-82-4: Published: Apr 1, 1982. Publicly Released: Apr 1, 1982.
GAO examined: (1) the management implications and economics of reducing the machine resources consumed by Common Business Oriented Language (COBOL) applications in the federal government; and (2) the applicability of these findings to different brands of computers.Federal use of computers is extensive, with COBOL being the most widely used computer language. Significant benefits have been achieved...
Enforcement of U.S. Import Admissibility Requirements: Better Management Could Save Work, Reduce Delays, and Improve Service and Importers' Compliance
GGD-82-12: Published: Jan 25, 1982. Publicly Released: Jan 25, 1982.
GAO conducted a review to evaluate the role of the U.S. Customs Service in enforcing import admissibility requirements otherwise administered by over 40 other Federal agencies. Specifically, GAO was concerned with the effectiveness of current procedures for obtaining compliance with admissibility requirements.The review showed that enforcement practices are resulting in lengthy delays, excessive p...