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Justice and Law Enforcement (121 - 130 of 7,790 items)
Bureau of Prisons: Information on Efforts and Potential Options to Save Costs
GAO-14-821: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2014.
Correctional services—which includes salaries and benefits for correctional officers—is the Department of Justice's (DOJ) Bureau of Prisons' (BOP) largest operational cost, and BOP has undertaken a number of initiatives to reduce costs. Specifically, on the basis of GAO's analysis of BOP's fiscal year 2013 obligations of approximately $6.6 billion, BOP obligated the largest share—about $3.9...
Unmanned Aerial Systems: Department of Homeland Security's Review of U.S. Customs and Border Protection's Use and Compliance with Privacy and Civil Liberty Laws and Standards
GAO-14-849R: Published: Sep 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2014.
In its review of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection’s (CBP) unmanned aerial systems (UAS) program, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) reported that CBP has an oversight framework and procedures for its UAS program that help ensure its compliance with privacy and civil liberty laws and standards. DHS’s review contains information on CBP procedures on collecting, retaining, storing, a...
Bureau of Prisons: Management of New Prison Activations Can Be Improved
GAO-14-709: Published: Aug 22, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2014.
The Department of Justice's (DOJ) Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) is behind schedule activating all six new institutions—the process by which it prepares them for inmates—and does not have a policy to guide activation or an activation schedule that reflects best practices. BOP is behind schedule, in part, because of challenges, such as staffing, posed by the locations of the activating institu...
Identity Theft: Additional Actions Could Help IRS Combat the Large, Evolving Threat of Refund Fraud
GAO-14-633: Published: Aug 20, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2014.
Based on preliminary analysis, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) estimates it paid $5.2 billion in fraudulent identity theft (IDT) refunds in filing season 2013, while preventing $24.2 billion (based on what it could detect). The full extent is unknown because of the challenges inherent in detecting IDT refund fraud.IDT refund fraud takes advantage of IRS's “look-back” compliance model. Under...
Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Take Further Actions to Prevent Sexual Assault during Initial Military Training
GAO-14-806: Published: Sep 9, 2014. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2014.
The Air Force implemented most recommendations from the 2012 Commander's report intended to better prevent, investigate, and respond to sexual assaults and related misconduct during the Air Force's basic training for new enlisted personnel, but it has not evaluated the effectiveness of its actions. GAO found that as of July 2014, of the 46 recommendations, the Air Force implemented 39, partially i...
Fair Labor Standards Act: Department of Labor Needs a More Systematic Approach to Developing Its Guidance
GAO-14-629T: Published: Jul 23, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 2014.
Substantial increases occurred over the last decade in the number of civil lawsuits filed in federal district court alleging violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended (FLSA). Federal courts in most states experienced increases in the number of FLSA lawsuits filed, but large increases were concentrated in a few states, including Florida and New York. Many factors may contribute...
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives: Enhancing Data Collection Could Improve Management of Investigations
GAO-14-553: Published: Jun 30, 2014. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2014.
Since fiscal year 2003, the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), within the Department of Justice, has been focusing more on decreasing violent crime. Beginning in 2010, ATF made criminal organization investigations one of its highest priorities, similar to firearms investigations, and deemphasized alcohol and tobacco investigations that do not involve violent crime. ATF data...
Border Security: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Collaborative Mechanisms along the Southwest Border
GAO-14-494: Published: Jun 27, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 27, 2014.
The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has coordinated border security efforts using collaborative mechanisms in Arizona and South Texas, specifically (1) the Joint Field Command (JFC), which has operational control over all U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) resources in Arizona; (2) the Alliance to Combat Transnational Threats (ACTT), which is a multiagency law enforcement partnership i...
Virtual Currencies: Emerging Regulatory, Law Enforcement, and Consumer Protection Challenges
GAO-14-496: Published: May 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 2014.
Virtual currencies are financial innovations that pose emerging challenges to federal financial regulatory and law enforcement agencies in carrying out their responsibilities, as the following examples illustrate:Virtual currency systems may provide greater anonymity than traditional payment systems and sometimes lack a central intermediary to maintain transaction information. As a result, financi...
Medicare Fraud: Further Actions Needed to Address Fraud, Waste, and Abuse
GAO-14-712T: Published: Jun 25, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 25, 2014.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)—the agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) that oversees Medicare—has made progress in implementing several key strategies GAO identified or recommended in prior work as helpful in protecting Medicare from fraud; however, implementing other important actions that GAO recommended could help CMS and its program integrity...