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Justice and Law Enforcement (101 - 110 of 7,788 items)
Identity Theft and Tax Fraud: Enhanced Authentication Could Combat Refund Fraud, but IRS Lacks an Estimate of Costs, Benefits and Risks
GAO-15-119: Published: Jan 20, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 19, 2015.
Identity Theft (IDT) Refund Fraud Cost Estimates. The Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) fraud estimates met several GAO Cost Guide best practices, such as documenting data sources and detailing calculations. However, the estimates do not reflect the uncertainty inherent in measuring IDT refund fraud because they are presented as point estimates. Best practices suggest that agencies assess the effec...
Prenatal Drug Use and Newborn Health: Federal Efforts Need Better Planning and Coordination
GAO-15-203: Published: Feb 10, 2015. Publicly Released: Feb 10, 2015.
Federally funded research mostly focused on neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), and federal programs and other agency efforts made services available or conducted activities to address prenatal opioid use or NAS. From fiscal years 2008 through 2014, federal agencies obligated almost $21.6 million for 18 research projects related to prenatal opioid use or NAS, most of which focused on preventing, u...
Mental Health: HHS Leadership Needed to Coordinate Federal Efforts Related to Serious Mental Illness
GAO-15-113: Published: Dec 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 5, 2015.
Agencies identified 112 federal programs that generally supported individuals with serious mental illness in fiscal year 2013. The majority of these programs addressed broad issues, such as homelessness, that can include individuals with serious mental illness. The programs were spread across eight federal agencies: Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Education, Department of Health and Hum...
Anthrax: Agency Approaches to Validation and Statistical Analyses Could Be Improved
GAO-15-80: Published: Dec 19, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 2014.
After the 2001 Anthrax attacks, the genetic tests that were conducted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) four contractors were generally scientifically verified and validated, and met the FBI's criteria. However, GAO found that the FBI lacked a comprehensive approach—or framework—that could have ensured standardization of the testing process. As a result, each of the contractors de...
Tax Filing Season: 2014 Performance Highlights the Need to Better Manage Taxpayer Service and Future Risks
GAO-15-163: Published: Dec 16, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 2014.
The Internal Revenue Service's (IRS) processing of tax returns was timely, even though the filing season was delayed due to the 2013 government shutdown. Continued growth in e-filing allows IRS to reduce costs and issue refunds faster. Although IRS received fewer calls in 2014, the percentage of callers seeking help who received it remained low and wait times remained high compared to prior years...
Professional Misconduct: DOJ Could Strengthen Procedures for Disciplining Its Attorneys
GAO-15-156: Published: Dec 11, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 2014.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) has made changes to improve its processes for managing complaints of attorney professional misconduct since 2011 but has not implemented plans to improve processes for demonstrating that discipline is implemented, or achieving timely and consistent discipline decisions. For example, GAO found that changes to the Office of Professional Responsibility's (OPR) processe...
Immigration Benefits: Improvements Needed to Fully Implement the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act
GAO-15-3: Published: Dec 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Dec 10, 2014.
The Departments of Homeland Security (DHS), Justice (DOJ), and State (State) have processes to help ensure compliance with the International Marriage Broker Regulation Act of 2005 (IMBRA), as amended, but State could better document information on IMBRA disclosures. Specifically, consistent with IMBRA, DHS's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) collects information from petitioners—...
Human Trafficking: Oversight of Contractors' Use of Foreign Workers in High-Risk Environments Needs to Be Strengthened
GAO-15-102: Published: Nov 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2014.
Current policies and guidance governing the payment of recruitment fees by foreign workers on certain U.S. government contracts do not provide clear instructions to agencies or contractors regarding the components or amounts of permissible fees related to recruitment. GAO found that some foreign workers—individuals who are not citizens of the United States or the host country—had reported payi...
Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act: Additional Outreach and Notification of Tribes about Offenders Who Are Released from Prison Needed
GAO-15-23: Published: Nov 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2014.
Most eligible tribes have retained their Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORNA) implementation authority and have either substantially implemented the act or are in the process of doing so. As of August 2014, 77 percent (164 of the 214) of eligible tribes had retained their implementation authority. Tribes that lacked the resources, among other factors, to implement SORNA either de...
Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act: Survey of Federally Recognized Tribes on Implementation of the Act (GAO-15-30SP, November 2014), an E-supplement to GAO-15-23
GAO-15-30SP: Published: Nov 18, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2014.
This e-supplement is a companion to our report titled, Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act: Additional Outreach and Notification of Tribes About Offenders who Are Released from Prison Needed (GAO-15-23). The purpose of this e-supplement is to provide information from GAO's Web-based survey of the tribes that retained their authority to implement the Sex Offender Registration and Notific...