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Justice and Law Enforcement (21 - 30 of 7,790 items)
Student Loans: Oversight of Servicemembers' Interest Rate Cap Could Be Strengthened
GAO-17-4: Published: Nov 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 18, 2016.
The Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA) provides servicemembers with an interest rate cap of 6 percent on student loans while they are on active duty. The number of servicemembers with federal student loans who received this rate cap increased as a result of the Department of Education (Education) requiring federal loan servicers to regularly use the Department of Defense's (DOD) SCRA website t...
Highlights of a Forum: Preventing Illicit Drug Use
GAO-17-146SP: Published: Nov 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 15, 2016.
What Forum Participants SaidIn individual presentations and group discussion, participants in a forum that GAO convened identified the common factors related to illicit drug use--the use of illicit drugs and the misuse of prescription drugs. According to forum participants, illicit drug use typically occurs for the first time in adolescence and involves marijuana. Forum participants also discussed...
Asylum: Variation Exists in Outcomes of Applications Across Immigration Courts and Judges
GAO-17-72: Published: Nov 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2016.
GAO analyzed the outcomes of 595,795 asylum applications completed by the Department of Justice's Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) between fiscal years 1995 and 2014, and identified outcome variation both over time and across immigration courts and judges. From fiscal years 2008 through 2014, annual grant rates for affirmative asylum applications (those filed with the Department of H...
Financial Institutions: Penalty and Settlement Payments for Mortgage-Related Violations in Selected Cases
GAO-17-11R: Published: Nov 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 10, 2016.
GAO reviewed nine selected cases involving alleged mortgage-related violations—violations related to mortgage origination, mortgage servicing, and the packaging or sale of residential mortgage-backed securities—finalized from February 2012 through April 2016. GAO found that the eight federal agencies that played key roles in these cases—the Department of Justice, Department of Housing and Ur...
Opioid Addiction: Laws, Regulations, and Other Factors Can Affect Medication-Assisted Treatment Access
GAO-16-833: Published: Sep 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 27, 2016.
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has stated that addressing opioid abuse is a high priority and is promoting access to medication-assisted treatment (MAT)--an approach that combines behavioral therapy and the use of medications--to combat the problem. Three medications are currently approved for use in MAT for opioid addiction--methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone. Methadone a...
Combating Wildlife Trafficking: Agencies Are Taking a Range of Actions, but the Task Force Lacks Performance Targets for Assessing Progress
GAO-16-717: Published: Sep 22, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 22, 2016.
While criminal elements of all kinds, including some terrorist entities and rogue security personnel, engage in poaching and transporting ivory and rhino horn across Africa, transnational organized criminals are the driving force behind wildlife trafficking, according to reports GAO reviewed and agency officials GAO spoke with in the United States and Africa. Wildlife trafficking can contribute to...
U.S. Customs and Border Protection: Review of the Pay Assignment Continuity Plan
GAO-16-825R: Published: Sep 14, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 14, 2016.
The Border Patrol Agent Pay Reform Act of 2014 (BPAPRA) established a new overtime compensation system for Border Patrol agents at U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Under BPAPRA, Border Patrol agents individually elect and are subsequently assigned by the agency to one of three rates of pay commensurate with the amount of scheduled overtime...
Immigrant Investor Program: Progress Made to Detect and Prevent Fraud, but Additional Actions Could Further Agency Efforts
GAO-16-828: Published: Sep 13, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2016.
The Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has recently taken steps intended to enhance fraud detection and mitigation activities for the Employment-Based Fifth Preference Immigrant Investor Program (EB-5 Program) and address previous GAO recommendations.This includes actions such as conducting and planning additional risk assessments to gather addition...
Freedom of Information Act: Litigation Costs For Justice and Agencies Could Not Be Fully Determined
GAO-16-667: Published: Sep 8, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 8, 2016.
Of the 1,672 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) lawsuits with a decision rendered between 2009 and 2014, GAO identified 112 lawsuits where the plaintiff substantially prevailed. Litigation-related costs for these 112 lawsuits could not be fully determined. Costs associated with such lawsuits are comprised of (1) the Department of Justice's (Justice) costs for defending the lawsuits on behalf of age...
Sexual Violence Data: Actions Needed to Improve Clarity and Address Differences Across Federal Data Collection Efforts
GAO-16-546: Published: Jul 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Aug 18, 2016.
Four federal agencies—the Departments of Defense, Education, Health and Human Services (HHS), and Justice (DOJ)—manage at least 10 efforts to collect data on sexual violence, which differ in target population, terminology, measurements, and methodology. Some of these data collection efforts focus on a specific population that the agency serves—for example, the incarcerated population—while...