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Justice and Law Enforcement (151 - 160 of 7,791 items)
Intellectual Property: Assessing Factors That Affect Patent Infringement Litigation Could Help Improve Patent Quality
GAO-13-465: Published: Aug 22, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 22, 2013.
From 2000 to 2010, the number of patent infringement lawsuits in the federal courts fluctuated slightly, and from 2010 to 2011, the number of such lawsuits increased by about a third. Some stakeholders GAO interviewed said that the increase in 2011 was most likely influenced by the anticipation of changes in the 2011 Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA), which made several significant changes to...
Drug Compounding: Clear Authority and More Reliable Data Needed to Strengthen FDA Oversight
GAO-13-702: Published: Jul 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2013.
The authority of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), to oversee drug compounding is unclear. Two federal circuit court decisions have resulted in differing FDA authority in different parts of the country. According to FDA officials, these inconsistent decisions and the agency's limited inspection authority over pharmacies have...
Justice Grant Programs: DOJ Could Improve Decision-Making Documentation and Better Assess Results of DNA Backlog Reduction Program Funds
GAO-13-605: Published: Jul 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2013.
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) allocated funding for various DNA and other forensic science activities, with the majority of the available $691 million from fiscal years 2008 through 2012 going to state and local governments to reduce the DNA backlog. Specifically, over this 5-year period, 64 percent was allocated through initiatives that directly benefit state and local efforts to reduce...
Bureau of Prisons: Timelier Reviews, Plan for Evaluations, and Updated Policies Could Improve Inmate Mental Health Services Oversight
GAO-13-1: Published: Jul 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2013.
During a 5-year period--fiscal years 2008 through 2012--costs for inmate mental health services in institutions run by the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) rose in absolute dollar amount, as well as on an annual per capita basis. Specifically, mental health services costs rose from $123 million in fiscal year 2008 to $146 million in fiscal year 2012, with increases generally due to three factors--inmate po...
Highlights of a Forum: Data Analytics For Oversight and Law Enforcement
GAO-13-680SP: Published: Jul 15, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2013.
What Participants Said Participants identified a range of challenges and opportunities associated with data analytics--which involve a variety of techniques to analyze and interpret data to facilitate decision making--as discussed below.Challenges and opportunities in accessing and using available data Challenges participants cited include, among other issues, oversight and law enforcement entitie...
Elder Justice: More Federal Coordination and Public Awareness Needed
GAO-13-498: Published: Jul 10, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2013.
In fiscal year 2011, two agencies--the Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Justice (Justice) --separately administered 12 fragmented but minimally overlapping programs that directed funds toward elder justice, with low risk of duplication. Specifically, because more than one federal agency administers these programs, GAO found that these grant programs are fragmented. Further, GAO f...
Intellectual Property: Insights Gained from Efforts to Quantify the Effects of Counterfeit and Pirated Goods in the U.S. Economy
GAO-13-762T: Published: Jul 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 9, 2013.
In April 2010, GAO reported that intellectual property (IP) is an important component of the U.S. economy and IP-related industries contribute a significant percentage to the U.S. gross domestic product. IP-related industries also pay significantly higher wages than other industries and contribute to a higher standard of living in the United States. Ensuring the protection of IP rights encourages...
Grants Performance: Justice and FEMA Collect Performance Data for Selected Grants, but Action Needed to Validate FEMA Performance Data
GAO-13-552: Published: Jun 24, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 24, 2013.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) provides detailed guidance in Circular No. A-11 for the agency goal development and the performance data verification and validation processes. OMB Circular No. A-11 directs agencies to have a data validation plan for performance reporting and cost-effective validation and verification techniques in place to ensure the completeness and reliability of all p...
Federal Judiciary: Efforts to Consolidate and Share Services between District and Bankruptcy Clerks' Offices
GAO-13-531: Published: Jun 13, 2013. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 2013.
What GAO FoundFew federal judicial districts have consolidated their court clerks' offices; courts are sharing services among the clerks' offices, but the costs and benefits are unclear. Four of the 91 districts served by bankruptcy courts have consolidated the clerks' offices of the district and bankruptcy courts. Court officials in districts that are not considering consolidation told GAO that...
Bureau of Prisons: Improvements Needed in Bureau of Prisons' Monitoring and Evaluation of Impact of Segregated Housing
GAO-13-429: Published: May 1, 2013. Publicly Released: May 31, 2013.
The overall number of inmates in the Bureau of Prisons' (BOP) three main types of segregated housing units--Special Housing Units (SHU), Special Management Units (SMU), and Administrative Maximum (ADX)--increased at a faster rate than the general inmate population. Inmates may be placed in SHUs for administrative reasons, such as pending transfer to another prison, and for disciplinary reasons, su...