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Justice and Law Enforcement (141 - 150 of 7,788 items)
Financial Crime: Foreclosure Rescue Schemes Have Become More Complex, and Efforts to Combat Them Continue
GAO-14-17: Published: Oct 29, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2013.
Foreclosure rescue schemes remain at historically high levels and have become more complex. The Federal Trade Commission's (FTC) Consumer Sentinel Network--an online database of consumer complaints received by FTC, law enforcement agencies, and other organizations--showed that complaints about these schemes rose from around 9,000 in 2009 to more than 18,000 each year in 2010, 2011, and 2012. In ad...
Community Policing Hiring Grants: Grant Application and Monitoring Processes Could Be Improved to Further Ensure Grantees Advance Community Policing
GAO-13-521: Published: Sep 25, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2013.
Nearly half of the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) Hiring Program (CHP) funding from fiscal years 2008 through 2012 was awarded to grantees in six states, and award amounts varied considerably in certain years. During this period, state, county, and city law enforcement agencies nationwide received CHP grant awards to hire or rehire officers to advance community policing, wit...
Sex Offenders: ICE Could Better Inform Offenders It Supervises of Registration Responsibilities and Notify Jurisdictions when Offenders Are Removed
GAO-13-832: Published: Sep 12, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2013.
On the basis of GAO's analysis of a representative sample of 131 alien sex offenders under U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) supervision, GAO estimates that as of September 2012, 72 percent of alien sex offenders were registered, 22 percent were not required to register, and 5 percent did not register but should have. According to officials, offenders were not required to register for...
Federal Judgeships: The General Accuracy of District and Appellate Judgeship Case-Related Workload Measures
GAO-13-862T: Published: Sep 10, 2013. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2013.
Based on GAO's 2003 report, it was found that the district court case weights approved in 1993 to be a reasonably accurate measure of the average time demands a specific number and mix of cases filed in a district court could be expected to place on the district judges in that court. The methodology used to develop the weights used a valid sampling procedure, developed weights based on actual case...
Intellectual Property: Assessing Factors That Affect Patent Infringement Litigation Could Help Improve Patent Quality
GAO-13-465: Published: Aug 22, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 22, 2013.
From 2000 to 2010, the number of patent infringement lawsuits in the federal courts fluctuated slightly, and from 2010 to 2011, the number of such lawsuits increased by about a third. Some stakeholders GAO interviewed said that the increase in 2011 was most likely influenced by the anticipation of changes in the 2011 Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA), which made several significant changes to...
Drug Compounding: Clear Authority and More Reliable Data Needed to Strengthen FDA Oversight
GAO-13-702: Published: Jul 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2013.
The authority of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), to oversee drug compounding is unclear. Two federal circuit court decisions have resulted in differing FDA authority in different parts of the country. According to FDA officials, these inconsistent decisions and the agency's limited inspection authority over pharmacies have...
Justice Grant Programs: DOJ Could Improve Decision-Making Documentation and Better Assess Results of DNA Backlog Reduction Program Funds
GAO-13-605: Published: Jul 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 31, 2013.
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) allocated funding for various DNA and other forensic science activities, with the majority of the available $691 million from fiscal years 2008 through 2012 going to state and local governments to reduce the DNA backlog. Specifically, over this 5-year period, 64 percent was allocated through initiatives that directly benefit state and local efforts to reduce...
Bureau of Prisons: Timelier Reviews, Plan for Evaluations, and Updated Policies Could Improve Inmate Mental Health Services Oversight
GAO-13-1: Published: Jul 17, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 17, 2013.
During a 5-year period--fiscal years 2008 through 2012--costs for inmate mental health services in institutions run by the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) rose in absolute dollar amount, as well as on an annual per capita basis. Specifically, mental health services costs rose from $123 million in fiscal year 2008 to $146 million in fiscal year 2012, with increases generally due to three factors--inmate po...
Highlights of a Forum: Data Analytics For Oversight and Law Enforcement
GAO-13-680SP: Published: Jul 15, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2013.
What Participants Said Participants identified a range of challenges and opportunities associated with data analytics--which involve a variety of techniques to analyze and interpret data to facilitate decision making--as discussed below.Challenges and opportunities in accessing and using available data Challenges participants cited include, among other issues, oversight and law enforcement entitie...
Elder Justice: More Federal Coordination and Public Awareness Needed
GAO-13-498: Published: Jul 10, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 10, 2013.
In fiscal year 2011, two agencies--the Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) and Justice (Justice) --separately administered 12 fragmented but minimally overlapping programs that directed funds toward elder justice, with low risk of duplication. Specifically, because more than one federal agency administers these programs, GAO found that these grant programs are fragmented. Further, GAO f...