International organizations (51 - 60 of 68 items)
U.S.-China Trade: Opportunities to Improve U.S. Government Efforts to Ensure China's Compliance with World Trade Organization Commitments
GAO-05-53: Published: Oct 6, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2004.
China's 2001 accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) required China to reform its economy and trade practices. As part of ongoing work, GAO reviewed how the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) and the Departments of Commerce, Agriculture, and State pursued China's WTO compliance in 2003. Specifically, this report (1) discusses the scope and disposition of China's compliance problems, (2) revi...
Nonproliferation: Delays in Implementing the Chemical Weapons Convention Raise Concerns About Proliferation
GAO-04-361: Published: Mar 31, 2004. Publicly Released: Apr 27, 2004.
The Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) bans chemical weapons and requires their destruction by 2007, with possible extensions to 2012. The CWC also seeks to reduce the proliferation of these weapons by requiring member states to adopt comprehensive national laws to criminalize CWC-prohibited activities. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) monitors the destruction of chem...
United Nations: Reforms Progressing, but Comprehensive Assessments Needed to Measure Impact
GAO-04-339: Published: Feb 13, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2004.
The U.N. Secretary General launched two reform agendas, in 1997 and 2002, to address the U.N.'s core management challenges--poor leadership of the Secretariat, duplication among its many offices and programs, and the lack of accountability for staff performance. In 2000, GAO reported that the Secretary General had reorganized the Secretariat's leadership and structure, but that the reforms were no...
Human Capital: Significant Challenges Confront U.S. Trade Agencies
GAO-04-301T: Published: Dec 9, 2003. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2003.
Recent developments in global trade have created human capital challenges for U.S. trade agencies. At least 17 federal agencies, with the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) as the lead, negotiate, monitor, or enforce trade agreements and laws. These agencies' strategies for effectively aligning their current and emerging needs in handling international trade functions and their human c...
U.N. Peacekeeping: Transition Strategies for Post-Conflict Countries Lack Results-Oriented Measures of Progress
GAO-03-1071: Published: Sep 26, 2003. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 2003.
The United Nations responded to the failure of some past peacekeeping operations by developing a strategy to help peacekeeping operations move a country from conflict to sustainable peace. It has attempted to apply this strategy to the large and costly peacekeeping operations in Sierra Leone, East Timor, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo since 2001. As a contributor of over 25 percent of th...
Foreign Assistance: Observations on Post-Conflict Assistance in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan
GAO-03-980T: Published: Jul 18, 2003. Publicly Released: Jul 18, 2003.
The circumstances of armed conflicts in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan differed in many respects, but in all three cases the United States and the international community became involved in the wars and post-conflict assistance because of important national and international interests. Over the past 10 years, GAO has done extensive work assessing post-conflict assistance in Bosnia and Kosovo and,...
Foreign Assistance: Lack of Strategic Focus and Obstacles to Agricultural Recovery Threaten Afghanistan's Stability
GAO-03-607: Published: Jun 30, 2003. Publicly Released: Jun 30, 2003.
After the events of September 11, 2001 led to the defeat of the Taliban, the United States and the international community developed an assistance program to support Afghanistan's new government and its people. Key components of this effort include food and agricultural assistance. GAO was asked to assess (1) the impact, management, and support of food assistance to Afghanistan and (2) the impact...
Humanitarian Assistance: Protecting Refugee Women and Girls Remains a Significant Challenge
GAO-03-663: Published: May 23, 2003. Publicly Released: May 23, 2003.
Women and children refugees, who comprise 80 percent of the estimated 12 million refugees worldwide, are among the world's most vulnerable populations. They are subject to gender-based violence, including physical harm, rape, and unequal access to humanitarian assistance. GAO was asked to (1) assess efforts by the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to protect refugees, especially with reg...
Central and Southwest Asian Countries: Trends in U.S. Assistance and Key Economic, Governance, and Demographic Characteristics
GAO-03-634R: Published: May 9, 2003. Publicly Released: May 9, 2003.
Following the terrorist attacks of September 2001, prosecuting the global war on terrorism became the United States' primary foreign policy priority. The United States focused its initial efforts on Afghanistan in Operation Enduring Freedom because the country harbored elements of Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups. As a result, countries in the region--Pakistan and the five Central Asian republi...
World Trade Organization: Early Decisions Are Vital to Progress in Ongoing Negotiations
GAO-02-879: Published: Sep 4, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 18, 2002.
In November 2001, the World Trade Organization launched a new set of multilateral negotiations at its ministerial conference in Doha, Qatar. The ministerial conference was important because it laid out an ambitious agenda for a broad set of new multilateral trade negotiations, set forth in the Doha Ministerial Declaration. The declaration calls for a continuation of discussions on liberalizing tra...