International trade (31 - 40 of 55 items)
International Trade: Administration Short Supply in Steel Import Restraint Agreements
T-NSIAD-89-38: Published: Jun 13, 1989. Publicly Released: Jun 13, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed its review of the Department of Commerce's process for evaluating steel short supply requests. GAO found that Commerce's Office of Agreements Compliance: (1) did not issue regulations or comprehensive guidelines on the program's operation and petition requirements; (2) did not make public the reasons and results of its reviews; (3) based its decis...
U.S. Trade Deficit: Impact of Currency Appreciations in Taiwan, South Korea, and Hong Kong
T-NSIAD-89-28: Published: May 12, 1989. Publicly Released: May 12, 1989.
GAO discussed: (1) how Taiwan, South Korea, and Hong Kong determine their currency exchange rates; and (2) the probable impacts of hypothetical appreciations of those economies' currencies on U.S. trade imbalances. GAO found that: (1) the countries had a combined trade surplus with the United States of $29.2 billion in 1988, representing over 20 percent of the total U.S. trade deficit; (2) the fac...
Export Promotion: U.S. Government Promotional Activities in Japan
NSIAD-89-77BR: Published: Feb 21, 1989. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 1989.
In response to a congressional request, GAO investigated certain allegations concerning the level and quality of U.S. government export promotion assistance in Japan, focusing on: (1) the budget and staffing level for export promotion activities in Japan; (2) U.S. businesses' views of the quality of assistance received; and (3) Japanese export promotion activities in the United States.GAO surveyed...
The Piracy of Ideas
139241: Jan 1, 1989
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 6, Summer 1989, discusses the piracy of intellectual property rights, such as copyrights, patents, and trademarks, through the unauthorized reproduction of the copyrighted materials. The piracy of intellectual property rights accounts for as much as $60 billion in world trade annually, and American firms may lose from $43 billion to $61 billion...
Transition Series: International Trade Issues
OCG-89-5TR: Published: Nov 1, 1988. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 1988.
GAO summarized information on federal government issues relating to international trade and economic policy, including: (1) economic policies in an interdependent world; (2) trade negotiations and agreements; (3) management of export promotion and market development programs; (4) export controls; and (5) foreign direct investment in the United States.GAO noted that: (1) its trade deficit and statu...
International Trade: Commodity Credit Corporation's Export Credit Guarantee Programs
NSIAD-88-194: Published: Jun 10, 1988. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 1988.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Foreign Agricultural Service's (FAS) management of the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) export credit guarantee programs, focusing on the programs' efficiency and effectiveness.GAO found that CCC: (1) failed to adequately enforce program regulations requiring exporters to include payment schedules with their export reports; (2) submitted...
International Trade: Rule of Origin for the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Area
NSIAD-88-46BR: Published: Nov 16, 1987. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 1987.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information regarding the proposed United States-Canada Free Trade Area Agreement (FTA), focusing on its rule of origin.GAO noted that the agreement's rule of origin, based on the Department of the Treasury's proposal: (1) confers U.S. or Canadian origin on products containing foreign-source parts, components, or materials when sufficient additiona...
International Trade: Commodity Credit Corporation's Refunds of Export Guarantee Fees
NSIAD-87-185: Published: Aug 19, 1987. Publicly Released: Aug 28, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Commodity Credit Corporation's (CCC) export credit guarantee fee refund policies and procedures to determine why it failed to refund a firm over $270,000 in failed export sales.GAO found that: (1) the CCC denial of the firm's refund request was consistent with its policy to retain guarantee fees when exporters did not have a firm sale at the...
Export Controls: Assessment of Commerce Department's Foreign Policy Report to Congress
NSIAD-87-176: Published: Jul 23, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 23, 1987.
Pursuant to the Export Administration Amendments Act of 1985, GAO reviewed the Department of Commerce's reports to Congress on export controls to assess Commerce's compliance with statutory requirements.GAO found that: (1) Commerce reported to Congress on the purpose of export controls, their compatibility with foreign policy, other nations' reactions, economic impacts, enforceability, and other i...
Uses and Limitations of Countertrade
T-NSIAD-87-39: Published: Jul 1, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1987.
GAO discussed the different aspects of countertrade in the world trading system. GAO found that: (1) countertrade and other trading practices are viewed as marketing tools to help gain sales; (2) the United States generally views countertrade as contrary to open and free trading, but does not oppose U.S. business participation in countertrade unless the action could have a negative impact on natio...