International economic relations (21 - 30 of 57 items)
A Historic Transition
147982: Jan 1, 1992
This article, which appeared in the GAO Journal, No. 16, Fall/Winter 1992, reviews the: (1) rapidly evolving military, security, and economic situation in what was once the Soviet Union; and (2) areas in which U.S. cooperation with former Soviet states can yield great benefits to both sides, including arms and technology control, multilateral institutions, and economic and scientific cooperation....
Soviet Oil Production and Obstacles to U.S. Trade and Investment
T-NSIAD-91-41: Published: Jun 19, 1991. Publicly Released: Jun 19, 1991.
GAO discussed the: (1) recent decline in Soviet oil production and the reasons for the decline; and (2) principal obstacles to U.S. trade and investment in Soviet oil exploration and production. GAO noted that: (1) Soviet oil production decreased by about 9 percent and oil exports decreased by 15 percent since 1988; (2) since petroleum exports comprised 33 percent of the Soviet Union's total hard...
U.S. Government Export Promotion Programs Could Be Improved
T-NSIAD-91-39: Published: May 23, 1991. Publicly Released: May 23, 1991.
GAO discussed federal government export promotion programs, focusing on: (1) past weaknesses; and (2) efforts to coordinate the programs. GAO noted that: (1) export program weaknesses included lack of predictable and rational funding, inappropriate program focus, and inability to supply timely, product-specific information to clients; and (2) although national export conferences held by the Intera...
Soviet Union's Participation in the Agriculture Department's Export Credit Guarantee Programs
T-NSIAD-91-38: Published: May 21, 1991. Publicly Released: May 21, 1991.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) export credit guarantee programs and the Soviet Union's participation in those programs. GAO noted that: (1) the Soviets had serious problems in processing, packaging, storing, and distributing their agricultural commodities; (2) USDA developed new credit risk analysis procedures based on consensus risk ratings of major international banks and i...
Commercialization of Technology by Japanese Companies
T-NSIAD-91-32: Published: Apr 30, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 30, 1991.
GAO discussed the factors to which Japanese firms attributed their success in adapting new technologies to commercial applications. GAO noted that: (1) Japanese macroeconomic policies aided commercialization through a relatively low and stable cost of capital, and encouraged Japanese firms to adopt a longer planning horizon; (2) Japanese industry achieved international success through fierce horiz...
Foreign Assistance: AID's Implementation of Microenterprise Program Guidance
NSIAD-91-78: Published: Feb 15, 1991. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Agency for International Development's (AID) microenterprise development program, focusing on whether: (1) AID implemented congressional guidance concerning microenterprise credit assistance; and (2) accurately reported to Congress on its program.GAO found that: (1) prior to 1988 legislation, AID lacked a policy for structuring microenterprise...
National Security Reviews of Foreign Investment
T-NSIAD-91-8: Published: Feb 26, 1991. Publicly Released: Feb 26, 1991.
GAO discussed the Administration's national security reviews of proposed foreign investments, focusing on the: (1) Administration's authority to review and possibly block foreign investments after the authorization period lapsed; (2) reasons for the Administration's delay in implementing a presidential divestiture order to block a foreign investment; (3) difficulties experienced by the Interagency...
Foreign Investment: Japanese-Affiliated Automakers' 1989 U.S. Production's Impact on Jobs
NSIAD-91-52: Published: Oct 17, 1990. Publicly Released: Nov 16, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO estimated the possible effects of automobile production by Japanese-affiliated automakers in the United States on 1989 U.S. employment.GAO found that the production of Japanese-affiliated automakers in the United States led to approximately 11,000 net job losses in 1989. In addition, GAO found that the 1989 estimate was based on assumptions that: (1) 68 per...
Foreign Assistance: AID's Microenterprise Assistance Program
T-NSIAD-90-58: Published: Sep 26, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 26, 1990.
GAO discussed the Agency for International Development's (AID) microenterprise program. GAO noted that: (1) prior to fiscal year (FY) 1988 legislation, AID did not have a policy for structuring microenterprise activities and directing resources in support of them; (2) in response to the legislation, AID appointed an advisory committee that helped develop policy guidelines and incorporate such guid...
El Salvador: Accountability for U.S. Military and Economic Aid
NSIAD-90-132: Published: Sep 21, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed accountability for and controls over U.S. military and economic assistance to El Salvador, to determine: (1) whether any assistance was subject to misuse or diversion; and (2) what accountability and controls are in place.GAO found that: (1) the United States has provided $3.5 billion in economic and military aid to El Salvador since 1980; (2) ther...