Foreign trade policies (31 - 40 of 41 items)
Food Aid: Improving Economic and Market Development Impact in African Countries
NSIAD-88-55: Published: Dec 21, 1987. Publicly Released: Dec 21, 1987.
In response to a congressional request, GAO examined the economic and market development impact of Public Law 83-480 food aid to four African countries.GAO found that: (1) U.S. agricultural and foreign policy interests, weak agreement provisions, and recipient governments' failure to fully implement some agreement provisions weakened developmental benefits; (2) long-term impact on the economy was...
Uses and Limitations of Countertrade
T-NSIAD-87-39: Published: Jul 1, 1987. Publicly Released: Jul 1, 1987.
GAO discussed the different aspects of countertrade in the world trading system. GAO found that: (1) countertrade and other trading practices are viewed as marketing tools to help gain sales; (2) the United States generally views countertrade as contrary to open and free trading, but does not oppose U.S. business participation in countertrade unless the action could have a negative impact on natio...
Export Control of Commercial Goods and Technology
T-NSIAD-87-13: Published: Mar 17, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 1987.
GAO discussed government controls over the export of commercial goods and technology that other nations could use for military or nuclear purposes. The Department of Commerce administers the control system and issues export licenses, while other agencies review certain types of licenses. The United States cooperates with other countries in this effort through an informal multilateral organization...
Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974, As Amended
T-NSIAD-87-17: Published: Mar 17, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 17, 1987.
GAO discussed its report on the Trade Act of 1974, focusing on the act's provisions for remedying unfair foreign trade practices. GAO noted that: (1) unfair trade cases handled through bilateral negotiation were generally resolved much faster than cases handled through the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT); (2) many of those who petitioned for relief under the act expressed dissatisfac...
Implementation of the Foreign Availability Provisions of the Export Administration Act
T-NSIAD-87-8: Published: Mar 11, 1987. Publicly Released: Mar 11, 1987.
GAO testified on the Department of Commerce's implementation of the foreign availability provisions of the Export Administration Act. GAO found that: (1) in 1985, Commerce issued final regulations on foreign availability procedures and criteria; (2) the 1985 amendments to the act have not reduced the number of products and related technologies subject to export controls, as intended; (3) Commerce...
International Trade: Strengthening Trade Law Protection of Intellectual Property Rights
NSIAD-86-150: Published: Aug 13, 1986. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 1986.
GAO recommended ways to strengthen section 337 of the Tariff Act as a means for U.S. firms to protect their intellectual property rights against counterfeit and infringing imports.GAO believes that, in order for section 337 to be more effective, Congress needs to: (1) increase access to section 337 relief by eliminating or redefining the statutory criteria for obtaining relief; (2) direct the Inte...
Strengthening Intellectual Property Rights Protection Under Section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930
129571: Apr 10, 1986
GAO discussed ways to strengthen protection of intellectual property rights under section 337 of the Tariff Act of 1930. Some U.S. property rights holders who sought relief from counterfeit or infringing imports were denied access to section 337 relief because of economic tests normally not required in intellectual property rights cases. Although there was substantial support for eliminating the r...
Export Promotion Activities of the Department of Commerce's District Offices
129159: Feb 26, 1986
Testimony was given on the Department of Commerce's U.S. and Foreign Commercial Service's (US&FCS) district office export promotion activities. The district offices assist small and medium-sized firms in developing their export potential by: (1) providing information and advice to help them begin exporting or to enter new markets; (2) individually counseling firms about their export potential and...
Foreign Policy Export Controls
129146: Feb 19, 1986
Testimony was given concerning: (1) the extension of foreign policy export controls in effect prior to the passage of the Export Administration Amendments of 1985; and (2) the consultation process used in soliciting business views on the controls' extension. GAO noted that: (1) prior to the 1985 amendments, it was difficult to accurately assess the economic impact of foreign policy controls over t...
Opportunities for Greater Cost Effectiveness in Public Law 480, Title I Food Purchases
NSIAD-84-69: Published: Apr 19, 1984. Publicly Released: Apr 19, 1984.
GAO discussed opportunities to improve the effectiveness of subsidized food purchases by recipient, developing countries under the Public Law 480, title I program.Under the program, the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Foreign Agricultural Service in fiscal year (FY) 1982 financed about $722 million worth of purchases of agricultural commodities by developing countries. GAO examined 54 of the 86...