Export controls (21 - 30 of 49 items)
Export Controls: Change in Export Licensing Jurisdiction for Two Sensitive Dual-Use Items
NSIAD-97-24: Published: Jan 14, 1997. Publicly Released: Feb 14, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implications of changing export licensing jurisdiction for two sensitive dual use items from the Department of State to the Department of Commerce, focusing on: (1) the military sensitivity of the two items; (2) the executive branch's rationale for the change in jurisdiction; (3) the licensing systems that the two departments use to control exp...
Bureau of Export Administration: Encryption Items Transferred from the U.S. Munitions List to the Commerce Control List
OGC-97-12: Published: Jan 13, 1997. Publicly Released: Jan 13, 1997.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Bureau of Export Administration's (BXA) new rule on transferring encryption items from the U.S. Munitions List to the Commerce Control List. GAO found that: (1) the rule would amend the Export Administration Regulations by imposing national security and foreign policy controls on certain information security systems and equipment, cryptograph...
Export Controls: Sensitive Machine Tool Exports to China
NSIAD-97-4: Published: Nov 19, 1996. Publicly Released: Nov 21, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the circumstances surrounding the export of machine tools by the McDonnell Douglas Corporation to the China National Aero-Technology Import and Export Corporation (CATIC), focusing on: (1) the military and civil applications of the equipment and whether these military applications are important to China's military modernization plans; (2) the proce...
Export Controls: Some Controls Over Missile-Related Technology Exports to China Are Weak
NSIAD-95-82: Published: Apr 17, 1995. Publicly Released: May 17, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and U.S. missile technology-related exports to the Peoples' Republic of China, focusing on the: (1) extent to which dual-use and missile technologies are exported to sensitive end-users; (2) U.S. government's ability to monitor China's compliance with the U.S.-China bilateral agreement; an...
Export Controls: Actions Needed To Improve Enforcement
NSIAD-94-28: Published: Dec 30, 1993. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S. government's enforcement of export controls over dual-use items, focusing on: (1) the tools and resources available to the Department of Commerce and the U.S. Customs Service to carry out their enforcement responsibilities; (2) how well these agencies are enforcing export controls; (3) impediments to effective enforcement; and (4) options...
Communications Privacy: Federal Policy and Actions
OSI-94-2: Published: Nov 4, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 5, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined whether federal policies negatively affect U.S. corporations' ability to protect themselves against economic espionage, focusing on: (1) the need for information privacy in computer and communications systems to prevent economic espionage; (2) federal agency authority to develop cryptographic standards for protection of sensitive, unclassified info...
Export Controls: Issues In Removing Militarily Sensitive Items From the Munitions List
NSIAD-93-67: Published: Mar 31, 1993. Publicly Released: May 4, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the export control jurisdiction decisions the Departments of State and Defense (DOD) made regarding certain military sensitive items.GAO found that: (1) State and DOD agreed to transfer over two dozen commodities, including vessels and explosives, to the Department of Commerce; (2) State and DOD identified several items that should be retained on t...
Military Aid: Stronger Oversight Can Improve Accountability
NSIAD-92-41: Published: Dec 16, 1991. Publicly Released: Dec 16, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the management controls over U.S. military aid to foreign countries, focusing on: (1) how the United States exercises oversight for military aid; and (2) whether more emphasis on accountability is needed.GAO found that: (1) since the Arms Export Control Act, which governs military aid items that have been purchased by recipient countries since fisc...
Export Controls: Opportunities for Improving Compliance With Export Administration Regulations
NSIAD-91-47: Published: Dec 6, 1990. Publicly Released: Dec 6, 1990.
GAO assessed the Department of Commerce's procedures for providing oral advice to exporters regarding controls on the export of commercial products that could be of military use.GAO found that: (1) the Bureau of Export Administration (BXA) reported that it received over 160,000 export-control-related telephone inquiries during fiscal year (FY) 1989; (2) the International Trade Administration (ITA)...
El Salvador: Accountability for U.S. Military and Economic Aid
NSIAD-90-132: Published: Sep 21, 1990. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed accountability for and controls over U.S. military and economic assistance to El Salvador, to determine: (1) whether any assistance was subject to misuse or diversion; and (2) what accountability and controls are in place.GAO found that: (1) the United States has provided $3.5 billion in economic and military aid to El Salvador since 1980; (2) ther...