Export controls (1 - 10 of 49 items)
Export Controls: U.S. Agencies Need to Assess Control List Reform's Impact on Compliance Activities
GAO-12-613: Published: Apr 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2012.
U.S. agencies engaged in export controls use various compliance activities to prevent the diversion or misuse of exported items against U.S. interests or allies and reduce illicit transshipment risk. Compliance activities include (1) vetting transactions prior to export, (2) analyzing shipping data and monitoring the end use of items, and (3) educating companies and foreign governments about illic...
Export Controls: Proposed Reforms Create Opportunities to Address Enforcement Challenges
GAO-12-246: Published: Mar 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 2012.
Agencies use a risk-based approach, including workload and threat assessment data, to allocate resources, but most do not fully track those used for export control enforcement activities. As their missions are broader than export controls, agencies can use staff resources for other activities based on need, making tracking resources used solely for export control enforcement difficult. Only Commer...
Export Controls: Vulnerabilities and Inefficiencies Undermine System's Ability to Protect U.S. Interests
GAO-07-1135T: Published: Jul 26, 2007. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2007.
In controlling the transfer of weapons and related technologies overseas, the U.S. government must limit the possibility of sensitive items falling into the wrong hands while allowing legitimate trade to occur. Achieving this balance, however, has become increasingly difficult due to redefined security threats and an increasingly globalized economy. The export control system is a key government pr...
Export Controls: Improvements to Commerce's Dual-Use System Needed to Ensure Protection of U.S. Interests in the Post-9/11 Environment
GAO-06-638: Published: Jun 26, 2006. Publicly Released: Jul 26, 2006.
In regulating exports of dual-use items, which have both commercial and military applications, the Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) seeks to allow U.S. companies to compete globally while minimizing the risk of items falling into the wrong hands. In so doing, BIS faces the challenge of weighing U.S. national security and economic interests, which at times can be diver...
Export Controls: Processes for Determining Proper Control of Defense-Related Items Needs Improvement
GAO-02-996: Published: Sep 20, 2002. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2002.
The U.S. government controls the export of defense-related items to minimize the risk such exports may pose to its interests. The U.S. export control system is primarily divided between two regulatory regimes, one managed by the Department of State for defense items and another managed by the Department of Commerce for dual-use items that have both military and commercial applications. Companies a...
Export Controls: More Thorough Analysis Needed to Justify Changes in High Performance Computer Controls
GAO-02-892: Published: Aug 2, 2002. Publicly Released: Aug 2, 2002.
For national security and foreign policy reasons, U.S. export control policy seeks to balance economic interests in promoting high technology exports with national security interests to maintain a military advantage in high performance computers over potential adversaries. In January 2002, the President announced that the control threshold--above which computers exported to countries such as China...
Export Controls: Reengineering Business Processes Can Improve Efficiency of State Department License Reviews
GAO-02-203: Published: Dec 31, 2001. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 2002.
The U.S. defense industry and some foreign government purchasers have expressed concern that the U.S. export control process is unnecessarily burdensome. Defense industry officials contend that extended reviews of export license applications by the State Department have resulted in lost sales and are harming the nation's defense industry. The State Department's Office of Defense Trade Controls is...
Export Controls: Challenges and Changes For Controls on Computer Exports
T-NSIAD-00-187: Published: May 26, 2000. Publicly Released: May 26, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed export controls for high performance computers, focusing on how the executive branch: (1) assesses the national security risks associated with the export of high performance computers going to countries of concern; (2) determines when the exports of computers at existing performance levels can no longer be controlled; and (3) has addressed arrange...
Export Controls: National Security Risks and Revisions to Controls on Computer Systems
T-NSIAD-00-139: Published: Mar 23, 2000. Publicly Released: Mar 23, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed its recent reports concerning the export controls for high performance computers, focusing on how the executive branch: (1) assesses the national security risks associated with the export of high performance computers going to countries of concern; and (2) determines when the exports of computers at existing performance levels can no longer be con...
Export Controls: National Security Risks and Revisions To Controls on Computers
T-NSIAD-00-104: Published: Feb 28, 2000. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed its recent reports on export controls for high performance computers, focusing on how the executive branch: (1) assesses the national security risks associated with the export of high performance computers going to countries of concern; and (2) determines when the exports of computers at existing performance levels can no longer be controlled.GAO...