National security (11 - 20 of 288 items)
Afghanistan: Key Oversight Issues
GAO-13-218SP: Published: Feb 11, 2013. Publicly Released: Feb 11, 2013.
The key issues, based on existing GAO work, suggest specific areas for oversight on the following topics:Afghanistans security environment. Afghanistans security situation remains volatile in part due to an increase in insider attacks.Transition of lead security to Afghan security forces. The security transition is under way, and international forces are shifting to an advise-and-assis...
Nonproliferation: Agencies Could Improve Information Sharing and End-Use Monitoring on Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Exports
GAO-12-536: Published: Jul 30, 2012. Publicly Released: Sep 12, 2012.
Since 2005, the number of countries that acquired an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) system nearly doubled from about 40 to more than 75. In addition, countries of proliferation concern developed and fielded increasingly more sophisticated systems. Recent trends in new UAV capabilities, including armed and miniature UAVs, increased the number of military applications for this technology. A number of...
Afghanistan Security: Long-standing Challenges May Affect Progress and Sustainment of Afghan National Security Forces
GAO-12-951T: Published: Jul 24, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 24, 2012.
The Department of Defense (DOD) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) report progress developing capable Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), but tools used to assess the performance of ANSF units have changed several times. In April 2012, DOD reported progress increasing the number and capability of ANSF, with 7 percent of army units and 9 percent of police units rated at the highe...
Human Rights: State Department Followed an Extensive Process to Prepare Annual Country Reports
GAO-12-561R: Published: May 31, 2012. Publicly Released: May 31, 2012.
State has an extensive process designed to make the country reports on human rights as comprehensive, objective, and uniform as possible. This process includes annually issuing detailed instructions, consulting and assessing information from multiple sources, and collaboratively and iteratively drafting and reviewing the reports. State issues instructions for preparing the country reports each yea...
Foreign Police Assistance: Defined Roles and Improved Information Sharing Could Enhance Interagency Collaboration
GAO-12-534: Published: May 9, 2012. Publicly Released: May 17, 2012.
The United States provided an estimated $13.9 billion for foreign police assistance during fiscal years 2009 through 2011. Funds provided by U.S. agencies rose and then fell between fiscal years 2009 and 2011. During fiscal years 2009 through 2011, the United States provided the greatest amount of its foreign police assistance to Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Colombia, Mexico, and the Palestinian T...
State Partnership Program: Improved Oversight, Guidance, and Training Needed for National Guard's Efforts with Foreign Partners
GAO-12-548: Published: May 15, 2012. Publicly Released: May 15, 2012.
Many State Partnership Program stakeholders, including State Partnership Program Coordinators, Bilateral Affairs Officers, and combatant command officials, cited benefits to the program, but the program lacks a comprehensive oversight framework that includes clear program goals, objectives, and metrics to measure progress against those goals, which limits the Department of Defenses (DOD) and...
Export Controls: U.S. Agencies Need to Assess Control List Reform's Impact on Compliance Activities
GAO-12-613: Published: Apr 23, 2012. Publicly Released: Apr 23, 2012.
U.S. agencies engaged in export controls use various compliance activities to prevent the diversion or misuse of exported items against U.S. interests or allies and reduce illicit transshipment risk. Compliance activities include (1) vetting transactions prior to export, (2) analyzing shipping data and monitoring the end use of items, and (3) educating companies and foreign governments about illic...
Export Controls: Proposed Reforms Create Opportunities to Address Enforcement Challenges
GAO-12-246: Published: Mar 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Mar 27, 2012.
Agencies use a risk-based approach, including workload and threat assessment data, to allocate resources, but most do not fully track those used for export control enforcement activities. As their missions are broader than export controls, agencies can use staff resources for other activities based on need, making tracking resources used solely for export control enforcement difficult. Only Commer...
Afghanistan: Improvements Needed to Strengthen Management of U.S. Civilian Presence
GAO-12-285: Published: Feb 27, 2012. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2012.
U.S. agencies under Chief of Mission authority and the Department of Defense (DOD) have reported expanding their civilian presence in Afghanistan and took steps to improve their ability to track that presence. Since January 2009, U.S. agencies under Chief of Mission authority more than tripled their civilian presence from 320 to 1,142. However, although State could report total Chief of Mission nu...
Department of State's Report to Congress and U.S. Oversight of Civilian Assistance to Pakistan Can Be Further Enhanced
GAO-11-310R: Published: Feb 17, 2011. Publicly Released: Feb 17, 2011.
Pakistan is a key U.S. ally in the effort to combat terrorism and violent extremism. Taliban, al Qaeda, and other terrorists have used parts of Pakistan to plan and launch attacks on Afghan, U.S., and NATO security forces in Afghanistan, as well as on Pakistani citizens and security forces in Pakistan. Enhancing the effectiveness of civilian assistance to Pakistan is one of the U.S. government's t...