National security (1 - 10 of 288 items)
Security Assistance: Guidance Needed for Completing Required Impact Assessments Prior to Presidential Drawdowns
GAO-17-26: Published: Oct 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 20, 2016.
In fiscal years 2011 through 2015, the President authorized 13 drawdowns to provide security assistance and build foreign partner capacity to France, Iraq, Syria, Libya, Ukraine, and countries in West and Central Africa (see fig.). According to Department of Defense (DOD) and Department of State (State) data, the total value of articles and services authorized for these drawdowns was $321.5 millio...
Visa Waiver Program: DHS Should Take Steps to Ensure Timeliness of Information Needed to Protect U.S. National Security
GAO-16-498: Published: May 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 6, 2016.
All 38 countries participating in the Visa Waiver Program (VWP) have entered into required agreements, or their equivalents, to (1) report lost and stolen passports, (2) share identity information about known or suspected terrorists, and (3) share criminal history information. However, not all countries have shared information through the agreements. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) repor...
Security Assistance: Better Records Management and More Reporting Needed on Presidential Drawdowns
GAO-16-291: Published: Apr 12, 2016. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 2016.
Drawdown proposals to provide U.S. assistance for an international crisis are typically developed through an interagency process led by the Departments of State (State) and Defense (DOD), and involving the National Security Council and the Executive Office of the President. State and DOD work with other agencies to determine whether to use a drawdown authority and identify the assistance to be pro...
Nuclear Commerce: Additional Actions Needed to Improve DOE's Export Control Process
GAO-15-124: Published: Oct 14, 2014. Publicly Released: Nov 14, 2014.
The Department of Energy (DOE) has consistently missed its 30-day targets for the initial and interagency stages of the Part 810 review process (see table). From 2008 through 2013, DOE missed the target for the initial review stage for 80 of 89 applications processed, and interagency review times missed DOE's 30-day target for 85 applications. DOE has not established a target for the entire final...
Combating Terrorism: Strategy to Counter Iran in the Western Hemisphere Has Gaps That State Department Should Address
GAO-14-834: Published: Sep 29, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 21, 2014.
The Department of State (State) uses a variety of mechanisms to collaborate with interagency partners and host governments to address activities of Iran in the Western Hemisphere. In developing the strategy, which includes an Intelligence Community Assessment developed by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI), State's Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs worked with other U.S...
Afghanistan: Oversight and Accountability of U.S. Assistance
GAO-14-680T: Published: Jun 10, 2014. Publicly Released: Jun 10, 2014.
Since 2003, GAO has identified numerous challenges related to U.S. efforts in Afghanistan. Among the various challenges that GAO and others have identified, are the following: the dangerous security environment, the prevalence of corruption, and the limited capacity of the Afghan government to deliver services and sustain donor-funded projects. As illustrated in the figure below, between fiscal ye...
Afghanistan: Changes to Updated U.S. Civil-Military Strategic Framework Reflect Evolving U.S. Role
GAO-14-438R: Published: Apr 1, 2014. Publicly Released: Apr 1, 2014.
Although the October 2012 and the August 2013 versions of the U.S. Civil-Military Strategic Framework for Afghanistan have similarities, the two versions differ in several aspects. These differences reflect, among other things, the U.S. government's heightened emphasis on the transition, through the end of 2014, of security responsibility for Afghanistan to Afghan security institutions and the Afg...
Overstay Enforcement: Additional Actions Needed to Assess DHS's Data and Improve Planning for a Biometric Air Exit Program
GAO-13-683: Published: Jul 30, 2013. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2013.
Since April 2011, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has taken action to address a backlog of potential overstay records that GAO previously identified. Specifically, DHS reviewed such records to identify national security and public safety threats, but unmatched arrival records--those without corresponding departure records--remain in DHS's system. GAO had previously reported that, as of J...
Immigration Enforcement: Preliminary Observations on DHS's Overstay Enforcement Efforts
GAO-13-602T: Published: May 21, 2013. Publicly Released: May 21, 2013.
Since GAO reported on overstays in April 2011, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has taken action to address a backlog of potential overstay records by reviewing such records to identify national security and public safety threats, but unmatched arrival records remain in DHS's system. In April 2011, GAO reported that, as of January 2011, DHS's Arrival and Departure Information System (ADIS...
U.S. Assistance to Yemen: Actions Needed to Improve Oversight of Emergency Food Aid and Assess Security Assistance
GAO-13-310: Published: Mar 20, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 20, 2013.
Progress toward U.S. strategic goals for Yemen has been mixed. The Departments of State (State) and Defense (DOD) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) have conducted numerous civilian and security assistance activities in support of these strategic goals. Although some progress has been made since the civil unrest in 2011, obstacles remain to achieving each goal. For example,...